Wikipedia

List of artificial islands

This is a list of artificial islands. Currently, artificial islands are an expensive, but in some cases, highly profitable, option for many cities which lack land (such as Tokyo's Odaiba and Fukuoka's island city project). In the future they may be common sites as many cities (especially Asian cities) around the world face severe urban land shortages and congestion. Eventually, this may make man-made islands a logical option.

Below is a list of several artificial or man-made islands.



Name Country of Origin Area (km2) Population Notes
René-Levasseur Island   Canada 2,020 0 Impact crater in Quebec isolated when two pre-existing

natural lakes were connected by the formation of the

Manicouagan Reservoir.

Caofeidian   China 60
Dongjiang Island   China 33.5 Cargo transfer and wetland reconstruction.[1]
Jurong Island   Singapore 32 0 Formed by the amalgamation of seven natural islands
Sanya Hongtangwan International Airport   China 23.99 International Airport under construction.
Dalian Jinzhouwan International Airport   China 21 0 International Airport under construction.
Khazar Islands   Azerbaijan 20 0 Planned city
Subi Reef Disputed 16 200 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Qianhai   China 14.92
Hong Kong International Airport   Hong Kong 12.48 Mostly on reclaimed land. Few of it is on the now merged

Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau islands.

Diyar Al Muharraq   Bahrain 12 0
Cuarteron Reef Disputed 8 0 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Macau New Urban Zone   Macau 7.3
Northern City   Bahrain 7 1,000
Mischief Reef Disputed 5.58 0 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Durrat Al Bahrain   Bahrain 5 1,000
Amwaj Islands   Bahrain 4.31 10,000
Ocean Flower Island   China 3.81
Qingdao Oriental Movie Metropolis   China 3.76
Pulau Semakau   Singapore 3.5 0
Fiery Cross Reef Disputed 2.74 200 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Pulau Punggol Barat   Singapore 1.92 0
Bahrain Bay   Bahrain 1.35 100
Peberholm   Denmark 1.3
Pulau Punggol Timor   Singapore 1.12 0?
King Fahd Passport Island   Bahrain

  Saudi Arabia

0.88 10 Shared island between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.
Reef Island   Bahrain 0.713 3,000
Ontario Place East and West Island   Canada 0.6273 0 Theme park in Ontario.
Flakfortet   Denmark 0.3
Freedom Island   Philippines 0.3
Heirisson Island   Australia 0.2856 0 Created from pre-existing smaller islands via reclamation.
Île Notre-Dame   Canada 0.25 0 Located in Montreal
Gaven Reefs Disputed 0.136 0 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Chinese Garden   Singapore 0.135 0
Johnson South Reef Disputed 0.109 0 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Hughes Reef Disputed 0.076 0 Currently being converted into an island by China.

Also claimed by Vietnam, the Philippines and Taiwan.

Middelgrundsfortet   Denmark 0.07
Pearl Island   Singapore 0.019 0
Coral Island   Singapore 0.017 0
Langlütjen II   Germany 0.017 0 Sold to a private owner.
Langlütjen I   Germany 0.016 0 Sold.
Île aux Cygnes   France 0.013 0
Wilhelmstein   Germany 0.0125 0
Sealand  United Kingdom (de jure)

 Sealand (de facto)

0.004 27
Sandy Island   Singapore 0.0007 0
Aspen Island   Australia Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Bahrain Lagoon   Bahrain Not Measured/Unspecified Future artificial planned island
China Dafeng Port Economic Zone   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Dayang Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Donauinsel   Austria Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Dongjiakou Dock   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Fisherman's Island   Australia Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Fort Boyard   France Not Measured/Unspecified 250 Fort
Jizuishi Shipyard   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Lanqiao Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Le Havre Port   France Not Measured/Unspecified
Longxue Island Shipyard and Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Lvsi Harbour   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Maojia Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
MOSE   Italy Not Measured/Unspecified An artificial island was created in Lido inlet as part of the

flood defenses for Venice

Nigehörn   Germany Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Paradise Island   Singapore Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Qingdao Linghai Hot Spring Golf Club   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Qingdao Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Rizhao Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Salman City   Bahrain Not Measured/Unspecified
Sangang Harbour   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Shawan Harbour   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Treasure Island   Singapore Not Measured/Unspecified 0
Trekroner Fort   Denmark Not Measured/Unspecified
Xiamen Xiang'an International Airport   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Xiaogoukou   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Ximazhou Shipyard Island   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Xinkaihe Harbour   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Yangshan Deepwater Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Zhanghe Airport   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Zhewangzhen Port   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Zhuhai General Aviation Airport   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Zuhai Jinwan Airport   China Not Measured/Unspecified
Zuhai Jiuzhou Airport   China Not Measured/Unspecified
(unnamed amusement park)   China Not Measured/Unspecified Amusement Park at Liuye Lake, Changde

Brazil [ edit ]

Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre [ edit ]

India [ edit ]

Japan [ edit ]

Kazakhstan [ edit ]

Kuwait [ edit ]

Macau [ edit ]

Maldives [ edit ]

Mexico [ edit ]

Montenegro [ edit ]

Malaysia [ edit ]

Netherlands [ edit ]

Oman [ edit ]

Panama [ edit ]

Peru/Bolivia [ edit ]

Qatar [ edit ]

Russia [ edit ]

Nineteen artificial islands in the Gulf of Finland for fortresses.

Saudi Arabia [ edit ]

Solomon Islands [ edit ]

South Africa [ edit ]

South Korea [ edit ]

Sri Lanka [ edit ]

Taiwan [ edit ]

Tonga [ edit ]

Tunisia [ edit ]

United Arab Emirates [ edit ]

Abu Dhabi [ edit ]

Dubai [ edit ]

Ras al Khaimah

Sharjah

Fujairah

United Kingdom [ edit ]

England [ edit ]

Scotland [ edit ]

United States [ edit ]

Alabama [ edit ]

  • Gaillard Island, is an artificially created island located in Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama. It was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, using sand and mud dredged from the Mobile Bay ship channel and elsewhere. The island is an important site for colonial nesting seabirds and shore birds in coastal Alabama and has been the only nesting site for brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) in Alabama - first discovered in 1983.

Alaska [ edit ]

California [ edit ]

Florida [ edit ]

Illinois [ edit ]

Kentucky [ edit ]

Michigan [ edit ]

New Jersey/Delaware [ edit ]

New York [ edit ]

Washington [ edit ]

Wisconsin [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ N. China port city to create artificial island in 4 years
  2. ^ http://news.rthk.hk/rthk/ch/component/k2/1234477-20160108.htm http://newsstatic.rthk.hk/images/mfile_1234477_1_L_20160108174620.jpg
  3. ^ http://www.yearbook.gov.hk/1997/photo/ch14/il.jpg http://my.tdctrade.com/photolib/hk/0400005L.jpg [permanent dead link] http://www.tsingma.com.hk/Web_pages/Intro_tmca/ting_kau_bridge.jpg [permanent dead link] Satellite view
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2016-01-22. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Satellite view
  5. ^ "Archived copy"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2015-01-01. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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