Wikipedia

List of communist parties

     Officially ruling parties in communist states

     Communist parties as ruling parties or part of a governing coalition in multi-party states

     Formerly ruling in a one-party system

     Formerly ruling in a parliamentary majority or minority government

     Formerly ruling as a coalition partner or supporter

There are a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world and a number that used to be active. They differ not only in method, but also in strict ideology and interpretation, although they are generally within the Marxist communism tradition.

The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the Russian Bolsheviks within the Communist International. Since then, communist parties have governed numerous countries, whether as ruling parties in one-party states like the Communist Party of China or the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or as ruling parties in multi-party systems, including majority and minority governments as well as leading or being part of several coalitions.

Many other communist parties did not govern any country, but they did govern several states or region within a country. Others have also been represented in the national, state or regional parliaments. Some communist parties and schools of thought reject parliamentarism, advocating in its place insurrection or social revolution as well as workers' councils.

Officially ruling in communist states [ edit ]

In the following countries, several communist parties either lead the ruling coalition or hold monopoly on state power as defined by their respective country's constitutions.

Ruling or part of ruling coalition in multi-party states [ edit ]

Formerly ruling [ edit ]

One-party system [ edit ]

Parliamentary majority or minority government [ edit ]

Coalition partner or supporter [ edit ]

Modern non-ruling [ edit ]

Former [ edit ]

Defunct [ edit ]

Once ruling [ edit ]

Non-ruling [ edit ]

Left communist organizations by country [ edit ]

The following is a list of left communist organizations by country which list only those political organizations and parties who officially call themselves left communist ideologically and still exist.

Organisations [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Hong Kong and Macau are administrated under the "one country, two systems" principle.
  2. ^ The Workers' Party of Korea is considered by some scholars to not be a communist party.[1] While recently it started to consider itself as Jucheist exclusively, the party nonetheless participates in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties.[2]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Shin, Gi-wook (2006). Ethnic Nationalism in Korea: Genealogy, Politics, and Legacy. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804754088.
  2. ^ "List of participants of 15th International Meeting of Communist and Workers'". Solidnet. Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  3. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 234−237. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  4. ^ "Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (Brazil)". Marxist–Leninist Communist Party. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Labour Party of Colombia". Labour Party of Colombia. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Communist Party of the Dominican Republic". Communist Party of the Dominican Republic. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Dominican Workers' Party (Marxist–Leninist)". Dominican Workers' Party. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  8. ^ "New Communist Party of Haiti (Marxist–Leninist)".
  9. ^ "Iraqi Revolutionary Marxist–Leninists Regroupment". Iraqi Revolutionary Marxist–Leninists Regroupment. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Japan Labor Party". Japanese Labor Party. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Workers' Communist Party In Japan". Workers' Communist Party In Japan. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Filipino Workers Party". Filipino Workers Party. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Polish Party of the Working Class - Initiative Group". Polish Party of the Working Class - Initiative Group. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Regional Party of Communists". Regional Party of Communists. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Communist Party of Spain (Maoist)". Bandera Roja. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  16. ^ "Reconstrucción Comunista blog". Reconstrucción Comunista. Archived 26 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  17. ^ "Inicio". Iniciativa Comunista. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Kimetz". Kimetz. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Andalucía Comunista". Andalucía Comunista. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Red Roja". Red Roja. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  21. ^ "All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks - Ukraine". All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks - Ukraine. Archived from the original on 13 March 2013.
  22. ^ "Communist Party Alliance". Communist Party Alliance. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Bolshevik Platform of the KPSS". Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Comunismo #56". Yahoo! GeoCities. Archived 27 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
  25. ^ "Syndicalisme de combat et parti révolutionnaire". Anticapitalist Left (in French). Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  26. ^ "Emall NL" (in Dutch). Marxistische universiteit. Archived 15 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 April 2020.

External links [ edit ]

What is this?