Wikipedia

List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies [ edit ]

International Monetary Fund (2019 estimates) [3] World Bank (2018) [4] United Nations (2017) [5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Luxembourg 113,196
2    Switzerland 83,716
  Macau 81,151
3   Norway 77,975
4   Ireland 77,771
5   Qatar 69,687
6   Iceland 67,037
7   United States 65,111
8   Singapore 63,987
9   Denmark 59,795
10   Australia 53,825
11   Netherlands 52,367
12   Sweden 51,241
13   Austria 50,022
  Hong Kong 49,334
14   Finland 48,868
15   San Marino 47,279
16   Germany 46,563
17   Canada 46,212
18   Belgium 45,175
19   Israel 42,823
20   France 41,760
21   United Kingdom 41,030
22   Japan 40,846
23   New Zealand 40,634
24   United Arab Emirates 37,749
25   Bahamas, The 33,261
26   Italy 32,946
  Puerto Rico 31,538
27   Korea, South 31,430
28   Malta 30,650
29   Spain 29,961
30   Kuwait 29,266
31   Brunei 27,871
32   Cyprus 27,719
33   Slovenia 26,170
  Aruba 25,976
34   Bahrain 25,273
  Republic of China (Taiwan) 24,827
35   Estonia 23,523
36   Czech Republic 23,213
37   Portugal 23,030
38   Saudi Arabia 22,865
39   Greece 19,974
40   Slovakia 19,547
41   Lithuania 19,266
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,245
43   Latvia 18,171
44   Antigua and Barbuda 18,109
45   Barbados 18,069
46   Oman 17,791
47   Hungary 17,463
48   Seychelles 17,052
49   Uruguay 17,029
50   Palau 16,736
51   Trinidad and Tobago 16,365
52   Panama 16,245
53   Chile 15,399
54   Maldives 15,562
55   Croatia 14,949
56   Poland 14,901
57   Romania 12,482
58   Costa Rica 12,014
59   Grenada 11,381
60   Mauritius 11,360
World 11,355
61   Russia 11,162
62   Malaysia 11,136
63   Saint Lucia 11,075
64   Mexico 10,118
65   People's Republic of China 10,098
66   Argentina 9,887
67   Lebanon 9,654
68   Bulgaria 9,518
69   Kazakhstan 9,139
70   Turkey 8,957
71   Equatorial Guinea 8,927
72   Brazil 8,796
73   Montenegro 8,703
74   Dominican Republic 8,629
75   Dominica 8,380
76   Nauru 8,270
77   Gabon 8,112
78   Botswana 7,859
79   Turkmenistan 7,816
80   Thailand 7,791
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,750
82   Serbia 7,397
83   Peru 7,046
84   Belarus 6,603
85   Colombia 6,508
86   Fiji 6,379
87   Suriname 6,310
88   Ecuador 6,249
89   South Africa 6,100
90   North Macedonia 6,096
91   Namibia 5,842
92   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,741
93   Iraq 5,738
94   Paraguay 5,692
95   Iran 5,506
96   Jamaica 5,460
97   Albania 5,372
98   Guyana 5,252
99   Libya 5,019
100   Belize 4,925
101   Tonga 4,862
102   Azerbaijan 4,689
103   Guatemala 4,616
104   Armenia 4,527
105   Samoa 4,500
  Kosovo 4,442
106   Jordan 4,386
107   Georgia 4,289
108   Eswatini 4,176
109   Indonesia 4,163
110   Mongolia 4,132
111   El Salvador 4,008
112   Algeria 3,980
113   Sri Lanka 3,946
114   Marshall Islands 3,924
115   Tuvalu 3,834
116   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,717
117   Bolivia 3,670
118   Cape Verde 3,598
119   Ukraine 3,592
120   Bhutan 3,423
121   Morocco 3,345
122   Moldova 3,300
123   Philippines 3,294
124   Tunisia 3,287
125   Vanuatu 3,260
126   Egypt 3,046
127   Angola 3,037
128   Djibouti 2,936
129   Papua New Guinea 2,742
130   Vietnam 2,740
131   Laos 2,670
132   Honduras 2,548
133   Venezuela 2,547
134   Congo, Republic of the 2,534
135   East Timor 2,262
136   Solomon Islands 2,246
137   Ghana 2,223
138   Nigeria 2,222
139   India 2,171
140   Kenya 1,997
141   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,933
142   Nicaragua 1,919
143   Bangladesh 1,905
144   Uzbekistan 1,831
145   Côte d'Ivoire 1,691
146   Cambodia 1,620
147   Kiribati 1,574
148   Cameroon 1,514
149   Senegal 1,427
150   Mauritania 1,392
151   Pakistan 1,388
152   Comoros 1,349
153   Lesotho 1,338
154   Zambia 1,307
155   Kyrgyzstan 1,292
156   Myanmar 1,244
157   Benin 1,216
158   Tanzania 1,104
159     Nepal 1,047
160   Guinea 981
161   Ethiopia 953
162   Yemen 943
163   Mali 924
164   Tajikistan 877
165   Chad 861
166   Zimbabwe 859
167   Rwanda 824
168   Guinea-Bissau 786
169   Haiti 784
170   Uganda 770
171   Gambia, The 755
172   Burkina Faso 717
173   Sudan 714
174   Liberia 703
175   Togo 671
176   Sierra Leone 546
177   Afghanistan 513
178   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 500
179   Mozambique 484
180   Madagascar 463
181   Central African Republic 447
182   Niger 405
183   Malawi 370
184   Eritrea 342
185   Burundi 309
186   South Sudan 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Monaco 185,741
2  Liechtenstein (2016) 165,028
3   Luxembourg 116,640
  Macau 87,209
 Bermuda (2013) 85,748
4    Switzerland 82,797
5   Norway 81,697
 Cayman Islands (2017) 81,125
 Isle of Man (2017) 80,989
6   Ireland 78,806
Channel Islands (2007) 74,463
7   Iceland 73,191
8   Qatar 68,794
9   Singapore 64,582
10   United States 62,795
11   Denmark 61,350
12   Australia 57,374
 Faroe Islands (2016) 55,823
13   Sweden 54,608
14   Netherlands 53,024
15   Austria 51,462
16   Finland 50,152
  Hong Kong 48,676
17  San Marino (2017) 48,495
 Greenland (2016) 48,182
18   Germany 47,603
19   Belgium 47,519
20   Canada 46,233
21   United Arab Emirates 43,005
22   United Kingdom 42,944
23   Andorra 42,030
24   New Zealand 41,945
25   Israel 41,715
26   France 41,464
27   Japan 39,290
 Virgin Islands (U.S.) (2017) 35,938
  Guam 35,713
  European Union 35,616
28   Italy 34,483
29   Kuwait 33,994
30   Bahamas, The 32,218
  Puerto Rico 31,651
31   Brunei 31,628
32   Korea, South 31,363
33   Spain 30,371
34   Malta 30,098
35   Cyprus 28,690
  Turks and Caicos Islands 27,142
36   Slovenia 26,124
 Aruba (2017) 25,630
37   Bahrain 24,051
38   Portugal 23,408
39   Saudi Arabia 23,339
40   Estonia 23,266
  Northern Mariana Islands 23,259
41   Czech Republic 23,079
42   Greece 20,324
  Curaçao 19,568
43   Slovakia 19,443
44   Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,275
45   Lithuania 19,153
46   Barbados 17,949
47   Latvia 17,861
48   Uruguay 17,278
49   Trinidad and Tobago 17,130
50   Antigua and Barbuda 16,727
51   Seychelles 16,434
52   Oman 16,415
53   Hungary 16,162
54  Venezuela (2014) 16,055
55   Chile 15,923
56   Palau 15,859
57   Panama 15,575
58   Poland 15,421
59   Croatia 14,910
 French Polynesia (2000) 14,324
 New Caledonia (2000) 12,580
60   Romania 12,301
61   Costa Rica 12,027
62   Argentina 11,684
  American Samoa 11,467
63   Malaysia 11,373
World 11,313
64   Russia 11,289
65   Mauritius 11,239
66   Grenada 10,641
67   Saint Lucia 10,566
68   Maldives 10,331
69   Equatorial Guinea 10,262
70   Nauru 9,889
71   Kazakhstan 9,813
72   People's Republic of China 9,771
73   Mexico 9,673
74   Turkey 9,370
75   Bulgaria 9,273
76   Brazil 8,921
77   Montenegro 8,844
78   Cuba 8,822
79   Lebanon 8,270
80   Botswana 8,259
81   Dominican Republic 8,051
82   Gabon 7,953
83   Dominica 7,691
84   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,361
85   Thailand 7,274
86   Serbia 7,247
87   Libya 7,242
88   Turkmenistan 6,967
89   Peru 6,941
90   Colombia 6,668
91   South Africa 6,374
92   Ecuador 6,345
93   Belarus 6,290
94   Fiji 6,267
95   Suriname 6,234
96   North Macedonia 6,084
97   Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,066
98   Namibia 5,932
99   Iraq 5,834
100   Paraguay 5,822
101  Iran (2017) 5,628
102   Jamaica 5,354
103   Albania 5,269
104   Guyana 4,979
105   Belize 4,885
106   Azerbaijan 4,721
107   Georgia 4,717
108   Guatemala 4,549
109   Tonga 4,364
  Kosovo 4,302
110   Jordan 4,242
111   Armenia 4,212
112   Samoa 4,183
113   Eswatini 4,146
114   Mongolia 4,122
115   Algeria 4,115
116   Sri Lanka 4,103
117   El Salvador 4,058
118   Indonesia 3,894
119   Marshall Islands 3,788
120   Tuvalu 3,701
121   Cape Verde 3,635
122   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,568
123   Bolivia 3,549
124   Tunisia 3,448
125   Angola 3,432
126   Bhutan 3,243
127   Moldova 3,227
128   Morocco 3,222
  West Bank and Gaza 3,199
129   Vanuatu 3,124
130   Philippines 3,103
131   Ukraine 3,095
132   Djibouti 3,083
133   Papua New Guinea 2,730
134   Vietnam 2,567
135   Egypt 2,549
136   Laos 2,543
137   Honduras 2,500
138   Ghana 2,202
139   Congo, Republic of the 2,148
140   Zimbabwe 2,147
141   Solomon Islands 2,138
142   East Timor 2,036
143  Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144   Nicaragua 2,029
145   Nigeria 2,028
146   India 2,010
147   São Tomé and Príncipe 2,001
148   Côte d'Ivoire 1,716
149   Kenya 1,711
150   Bangladesh 1,698
151   Kiribati 1,625
152   Zambia 1,540
153   Cameroon 1,534
154   Uzbekistan 1,532
155   Senegal 1,522
156   Cambodia 1,510
157   Pakistan 1,482
158   Comoros 1,415
159   Myanmar 1,326
160   Lesotho 1,299
161   Kyrgyzstan 1,281
162   Mauritania 1,189
163   Tanzania 1,061
164     Nepal 1,034
165   Sudan 977
166   Yemen 944
167   Benin 902
168   Mali 900
169   Guinea 879
170   Haiti 868
171   Tajikistan 827
172   Guinea-Bissau 788
173   Rwanda 773
174   Ethiopia 772
175   Chad 728
176   Gambia, The 716
177   Burkina Faso 715
178   Togo 679
179   Liberia 677
180   Uganda 643
181   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 562
182   Sierra Leone 534
183   Madagascar 528
184   Afghanistan 521
185   Mozambique 499
186   Central African Republic 476
187   Niger 414
188   Malawi 389
189   Somalia 315
190   Burundi 272
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Liechtenstein 166,022
2   Monaco 165,421
3   Luxembourg 106,806
  Bermuda 102,192
  Macau 80,893
4    Switzerland 80,101
5   Norway 75,295
6   Iceland 73,060
7   Ireland 69,604
  Cayman Islands 65,472
8   Qatar 63,506
9   United States 60,055
10   Australia 57,613
11   Denmark 57,533
12   Singapore 56,737
13   Sweden 54,043
14   San Marino 50,588
  Greenland 49,398
15   Netherlands 48,754
16   Austria 47,718
  Hong Kong 46,390
17   Finland 45,670
18   Germany 44,976
19   Canada 44,974
20   Belgium 43,289
21   New Zealand 42,936
22   Israel 42,452
23   United Arab Emirates 40,699
24   United Kingdom 39,758
25   Andorra 39,153
26   France 38,415
27   Japan 38,220
  New Caledonia 35,815
28   Italy 32,747
  Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29   Korea, South 30,025
30   Bahamas, The 29,825
31   Malta 29,137
32   Kuwait 28,897
  Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
  Puerto Rico 28,451
33   Spain 28,354
34   Brunei 28,291
  Europe 27,222
Americas 26,748
35   Cyprus 25,790
  Aruba 25,655
36   Bahrain 23,688
37   Slovenia 23,296
38   Saudi Arabia 20,761
39   Czech Republic 20,326
  French Polynesia 19,807
40   Estonia 19,793
  Curaçao 19,586
41   Portugal 18,882
  Anguilla 18,861
42   Greece 18,198
  Cook Islands 17,798
43   Slovakia 17,552
44   Uruguay 17,120
45   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46   Barbados 16,494
47   Lithuania 16,450
48   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49   Seychelles 15,693
50   Latvia 15,625
51   Chile 15,347
52   Oman 15,267
53   Panama 15,088
54   Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55   Argentina 14,400
56   Hungary 14,376
57   Poland 13,786
58   Palau 13,417
59   Croatia 13,177
60   Costa Rica 11,734
  Montserrat 11,582
61   Maldives 11,151
62   Russia 10,956
63   Romania 10,763
World 10,665
64   Mauritius 10,565
65   Turkey 10,546
66   Grenada 10,451
67   Nauru 10,045
68   Malaysia 9,951
69   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70   Brazil 9,821
71   Saint Lucia 9,607
  South America 9,393
72   Mexico 8,967
73   Lebanon 8,778
74   Kazakhstan 8,756
75   People's Republic of China 8,682
76   Cuba 8,433
77   Bulgaria 8,218
Central America 7,990
78   Venezuela 7,977
79   Botswana 7,596
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Dominican Republic 7,052
82   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83   Montenegro 6,958
84   Suriname 6,757
85   Dominica 6,719
86   Thailand 6,595
87   Turkmenistan 6,585
88   Peru 6,572
89   Colombia 6,302
90   Ecuador 6,273
91   South Africa 6,151
92   Serbia 5,912
93   Belarus 5,750
94   Iran 5,680
95   North Macedonia 5,415
96   Fiji 5,382
97   Namibia 5,227
98   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99   Jamaica 5,130
100   Belize 5,077
101   Iraq 4,756
102   Guyana 4,555
103   Guatemala 4,471
104   Albania 4,450
105   Samoa 4,356
106   Paraguay 4,322
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,266
107   Angola 4,247
108   Jordan 4,196
109   Sri Lanka 4,184
110   Azerbaijan 4,146
  Kosovo 4,116
111   Algeria 4,055
112   Tonga 3,950
113   Libya 3,942
114   Armenia 3,937
115   Tuvalu 3,924
116   El Salvador 3,889
117   Georgia 3,875
118   Indonesia 3,847
119   Marshall Islands 3,753
120   Mongolia 3,620
121   Tunisia 3,475
122   Bolivia 3,394
123   Cape Verde 3,245
124   Eswatini 3,224
125   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
126   Bhutan 3,173
127   Vanuatu 3,128
128   Morocco 3,070
129   Philippines 2,989
130   Sudan 2,967
  Palestine 2,946
131   Papua New Guinea 2,667
132   Ukraine 2,536
133   Honduras 2,480
134   Laos 2,457
135   Vietnam 2,342
136   East Timor 2,279
137   Nicaragua 2,222
138   Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139   Ghana 2,046
140   Moldova 2,006
141   Egypt 2,000
142   Solomon Islands 1,982
143   Nigeria 1,969
144   Djibouti 1,928
145   India 1,923
146   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
Africa 1,766
147   Kiribati 1,694
148   Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149   Uzbekistan 1,557
150   Pakistan 1,534
151   Zambia 1,513
152   Kenya 1,508
153   Bangladesh 1,492
154   Cameroon 1,452
155   Cambodia 1,382
156   Senegal 1,333
157   Comoros 1,330
158   Myanmar 1,257
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160   Lesotho 1,178
161   Eritrea 1,147
162   Mauritania 1,129
163   Zimbabwe 1,091
164   Yemen 990
165   Tanzania 934
166     Nepal 849
167   Syria 831
168   Benin 826
169   Mali 822
170   Guinea 803
171   Tajikistan 801
172   Haiti 776
173   Rwanda 748
174   Guinea-Bissau 724
175   Ethiopia 720
176   Chad 719
177   Gambia, The 709
178   Korea, North 685
179   Uganda 646
180   Burkina Faso 642
181   Afghanistan 619
182   Togo 614
183   Liberia 584
184   Madagascar 517
185   Sierra Leone 495
186   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187   South Sudan 453
188   Central African Republic 428
189   Mozambique 426
190   Niger 378
191   Malawi 340
192   Burundi 290

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens [ edit ]

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also [ edit ]

Notes and references [ edit ]

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.

    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study"(PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2019.
  5. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links [ edit ]

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