Wikipedia

List of flags of Montenegro

The following is a list of flags of Montenegro.

State flag [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro.svg 2004– National flag; civil and state ensign; Naval ensign until 2010. Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle. Ratio: 1:2. Adopted on 13 July 2004.[1]
Flag of Montenegro (vertical).svg 2004– National flag, Vertical Banner Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle.

Presidential Standard [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Presidential Standard of Montenegro.svg 2006– Standard of the President on Land Square version of the State Flag, with a border fleury
Presidential Standard of Montenegro (at sea).svg 2006– Standard of the President Afloat Square version of the State Flag, replacing red with blue, a border fleury

Military flags [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Vojska Crne Gore (zastava).jpg 2010—Present Flag of the Army of Montenegro. Red background with the logo of the Armed Forces of Montenegro and the traditional motto "Čojstvo i Junaštvo" (roughly translated as "Humanity and Courage"), with golden borders.
Flag of the Navy of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval ensign of Montenegro. Blue with the national flag in as its canton, occupying 2/5 of its width and 1/2 of its length with a white anchor interlaced with three lines representing surface of the water in the right side.
Naval Jack of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval jack of Montenegro. Coat of Arms of Montenegro on blue background, with golden borders.

Historical flags [ edit ]

National flags [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro (1994–2004).svg 1993–2004 State Flag of the Republic of Montenegro Red-bluish-white with equal width, with "bluish" (plavetna) meaning light-blue.[2]
Flag of Montenegro (1946–1993).svg 1945–1993 Republican Flag of the People's/Socialist Republic of Montenegro Red-blue-white traditional tricolor with the communist red star, same as Flag of the Socialist Republic of Serbia
Flag of Montenegro (1905–1918).svg 1905–1918 State flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro[3] National flag of Principality (1905-10) and the Kingdom of Montenegro (1910-18). Red-blue-white tricolor.
Flag of Montenegro (1852–1905).svg 1852–1905 State flag of the Principality of Montenegro National flag of Principality of Montenegro. During regime of Danilo II and Nicholas I.
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro2.svg pre-19th century State flag of Prince-bishopric of Montenegro National flag during theocratical rule of Petrović-Njegoš dynasty in Montenegro. White cross pattée on red background.

Royal flags [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of HM, the King Nikola I of Montenegro(correctv).svg 1910–1918 Royal standard of the King of Montenegro The lion was replaced by Nikola's cypher H.I. The crown was changed from a princely to a royal crown.
Flag of Montenegro (1852–1905).svg 1861–1900 Princely standard Court flag and Princely standard during regime of Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš
Alaj-barjak of Prince Danilo I, 1858.svg c. 1852 Princely standard Court flag and Princely standard during regime of Danilo II Petrović-Njegoš
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro.svg theocratical rule of Petrović-Njegoš dynasty Banner of the Prince-bishops of Montenegro and Metropolitans of Cetinje from House of Petrović Orthodox red cross in a white field with a red border. Represents the highly Christian virtue of subjected peoples and the desire to fight against invading Islam. Adopted during the Great Turkish War at the end of the 17th century.
Supposed Flag of the House of Crnojevic.svg 16th century Stag of the House of Crnojević Flag during regime of House of Crnojević in Principality of Zeta/ Montenegro (1451–1516)

Civil ensigns [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro (1905–1918, 1941–1944).svg 1905-1918, used during The Second World War Civil flag of Montenegro (1905-1918), used by The Italian and German occupation of Montenegro in WWII (1941-1944). Red-blue-white pan-slavic tricolor. Civil flag of Principality and the Kingdom of Montenegro, from 1905 constitution.
Flag of Principality of Montenegro People Flag.svg 1881-1916 Civil ensign flag Tricolor with the Cyrillic cypher НІ (i.e. NI) of Prince Nicholas I topped with a golden crown in the center. Because the owners as well as the crew of Montenegro's Ulcinj cruisers were Muslims, Nikola changed the flag not to offend Islam
Naval Ensign of Montenegro (1881-1918).svg 1881–1916 Civil ensign flag Version of the Civil Ensign that was predominantly used. Usage extended beyond primary purpose to even of that of the National flag.
Historical merchant fleet flag of Montenegro.svg late 1880-early 1881 Civil ensign flag Tricolor flag with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; stripes based upon domestic national flag.
Historical merchant fleet flag of MontenegroV2.svg early 1880s-late 1880s Civil ensign flag Horizontally divided red-white-red with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; based on the naval flag of Austro-Hungary according to the Dalmatian marine codelines sanctioned by the 1878 Congress of Berlin.

Military flags [ edit ]

Flag Date Use Description
Krstaš-barjak.svg 1876–78 War flag, civil flag The Montenegrin war flag used in the Battle of Vučji Do (1876) was red with a white cross pattée in the center and a white border. This flag was used in Cetinje in 1878,[4] upon recognition of the independence of Principality of Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire at San Stefano.
Flags of merchant marine, in XIX century..gif 19th century Montenegrin naval flags from the late 19th century The Montenegrin naval flags and civil ensigns during the rule of Prince Nicholas I of Montenegro.
Montenegro-1878-ensign.svg Early 19th Century–1880 Naval ensign (unofficial) White flag with a red St George's Cross. Inspired by the British Naval Ensign back from the 1814 British navy's takeover of the port of Kotor during the war between the Montenegrins and the French Empire.
DanilGarda.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrović-Njegoš War Stag of Prince Danilo Army Flag signifying a unit of 1,000 men; red field with the double-headed eagle and Prince Danilo I's initials in it. Alaj-barjak of Prince Danilo, signifying the supreme command over the Montenegrin army.
DaniloSto.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrović-Njegoš War Stag in Prince Danilo's Army Flag signifying a unit of 100 men; red field with the traditional Montenegrin Cross of Saint George and Danilo I's initials in it. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms. Based upon the old tribal Montenegrin flag.

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Montenegro, Adopted: 12th July 2004". The Flags & Arms of the Modern Era. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  2. ^ "Republic of Montenegro, 1993 – 2004". The Flags & Arms of the Modern Era. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  3. ^ Historical symbols, Official Montenegrin web presentationArchived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Nenadović, Ljubomir P. (1929). O Crnogorcima: pisma sa Cetinja 1878. godine, Volume 212 (in Serbian). p. 187.
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