List of islands by area
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.
Continental mainlands [ edit ]
Most continental landmasses are not usually defined as islands despite being surrounded by water. However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers Australia is sometimes defined as an island rather than a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list Australia along with the other continents have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental mainlands only.[Note 1] The man-made Suez and Panama Canals are disregarded.
|Rank||Continental mainland[Note 2]||Area
|Countries / Dependencies|
|1||Afro-Eurasia||84,980,532||32,811,167||123 countries, 8 partially recognized states, 2 special administrative regions of China,[Note 3] 2 autonomous cities of Spain,[Note 4] 1 Spanish overseas tied island, and 1 British overseas territory[Note 5]|
|2||Americas||42,549,000||16,428,000||22 countries and French Guiana[Note 6]|
|3||Antarctica [Note 7]||14,200,000||5,500,000||None (7 countries have made 8 territorial claims)|
|4||Australia [Note 8]||7,595,342||2,932,578||Australia|
Islands [ edit ]
Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greater [ edit ]
Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi) [ edit ]
Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi) [ edit ]
Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi) [ edit ]
Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi) [ edit ]
Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi) [ edit ]
This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.
See also [ edit ]
- Lake island
- List of Antarctic and Subantarctic islands
- List of countries and dependencies by area
- List of countries by largest island
- List of islands by highest point
- List of islands by name
- List of islands by population
- List of islands by population density
- Lists of islands (by continent and country)
- Recursive islands and lakes
- River island
Notes [ edit ]
- Geographically, there are only four continents that are not separated by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the land surface), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.
- Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2. The submerged continent of Zealandia (4,900,000 km2) is excluded.
- Hong Kong and Macau.
- Ceuta and Melilla.
- An overseas department and region of France.
- Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed, although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.
- Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth’s largest island, but its smallest continent".
- The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
- A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.
Footnotes [ edit ]
- Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
- Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
- Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
- United States Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Antarctica". The World Factbook. Government of the United States. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- "Area of Australia - States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014.
- "Area of Australia - States and Territories | Geoscience Australia". Ga.gov.au. 12 January 2001. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
- Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
- Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
- "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
- "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
- Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01. [permanent dead link]
- "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
- Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
- "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
- The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
- World Atlas
- World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
- "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
- "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- "Svalbard Statistics 2005"(PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- "Statistics Sweden". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.
References [ edit ]
- Haug, Per Ivar (August 2005). "Islands of Greenland". Gazetteer of Greenland. Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15.
- "Islands by Land Area". Island Directory Tables. United Nations Environment Programme. 18 February 1998.
- "The Atlas of Canada". Natural Resources Canada. 4 June 2015.
- "World Island Information". Joshua Calder. 2010.