Wikipedia

List of islands by population

This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population, which includes all islands with population greater than 100,000. For comparison, continental landmasses are also shown, in italics. The population of the world's islands is over 730 million, approximately 11% of the world's total population. Of those, only Java and Honshu have populations over 1% of the global population.

Islands ordered by population [ edit ]

Due to the complicated nature of determining exactly what constitutes a geographic island, versus an administrative region, please see comments for what is included in figures, as some islands include nearby ones. However, this practice is not advised.

World map showing the locations of the world's most populated islands
Java
Honshu
Great Britain
Luzon
Sumatra
Madagascar
Mindanao
Mainland Australia
Taiwan
Borneo

Sri Lanka
Hispaniola

Sulawesi

Salsette
Kyūshū
New Guinea
Cuba
World's most populated islands (10 million+ inhabitants)

Population over 10 million [ edit ]

Ranking Island Population Density

(/km²)
Country
Afro-Eurasia 6,151,810,000 (2013) 72.4
Americas 1,001,559,000 (2016) 23.5
1 Java 141,370,000 (2015) [1][2] 1,117   Indonesia
2 Honshū 104,000,000 (2010) [3][4] 451.8   Japan
3 Great Britain 64,163,534 (2017) [5] 306.5   United Kingdom
4 Luzon 60,770,440 (2018) 480   Philippines
5 Sumatra 58,455,800 (2019)[6][7] 123.46   Indonesia
6 Madagascar 25,571,000 (2017) 43.5   Madagascar
7 Mindanao 25,537,691 (2018)[8] 261.4   Philippines
Mainland Australia 24,377,200 c. (2018) 3.2   Australia
8 Taiwan 23,461,708 (2015 estimate)[9] 657   Republic of China
9 Borneo 21,258,000 (2014)[9][10][11][12] 26.3  Indonesia (Kalimantan),  Brunei,  Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)
10 Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 21,203,000 (2016)[13] 310   Sri Lanka
11 Hispaniola 21,107,000 (2016) 277  Dominican Republic,  Haiti
12 Sulawesi (Celebes) 18,455,058 (2014)[9][14] 97   Indonesia
13 Salsette 15,111,974 (2012)[9][15] 24,414  India (Maharashtra)
14 Kyūshū 13,200,000 (2010)[3][16] 371   Japan
15 New Guinea 11,818,000 (2014 RI, 2015 PNG)[17][18] 15  Papua New Guinea and  Indonesia (Western New Guinea)
16 Cuba 11,167,325 (2012)[9][19] 103.3   Cuba

Population 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 [ edit ]

Ranking Island Population Country
17 Hainan 9,035,000 (2014E)[20]   China
18 Long Island 7,838,822 (2015)[21]  United States ( New York)
19 Ireland 6,380,661 (2008)[22][23]  Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
20 Singapore Island 5,607,300 (2016)[24]   Singapore
21 Hokkaidō 5,383,579 (2015C) [3]   Japan
22 Sicily 5,017,000 (2007)[25]  Italy ( Sicily)
23 Negros 4,414,131 (2015)[26]   Philippines
24 Panay 4,307,000 (2015)[27][28]   Philippines
25 Bali 4,225,384 (2014)   Indonesia
26 Cebu 4,164,535 (2016)[29]   Philippines
27 Shikoku 3,815,000 (2015)[3]   Japan
28 North Island 3,760,900 (June 2019).[30]   New Zealand
29 Madura 3,622,000 (2010)[9]   Indonesia
30 Puerto Rico 3,474,182 (2015)[31]  Puerto Rico (territory of the  United States)
31 Lombok 3,311,044 (2014) [32]   Indonesia
32 Timor 3,182,693 (2014)[33][34][35]  Indonesia and  East Timor
33 Jamaica 2,950,210 (2015)[33]   Jamaica
34 Zhongshan Island 2,890,000 (2015)[9][33][36]  China and  Macau
35 Zealand 2,287,740 (2017)[37][38]   Denmark
36 Leyte 2,388,518 (2015)[27]   Philippines
37 Xiamen Island 2,040,000 (2017 estimate)[39][40]  China (Fujian)
38 Island of Montreal 2,014,221 (2016E on 2011C data)[41][42]  Canada ( Quebec)
39 Flores 1,831,000 (2010)[32]   Indonesia
40 Bhola Island 1,758,000 (2011)[9][43]   Bangladesh
41 Samar 1,751,267 (2010)[44][45]   Philippines
42 Sardinia 1,659,000 (2007) [25]  Italy ( Sardinia)
43 Manhattan Island 1,619,090 (2012)[21]  United States ( New York)
44 Haizhu 1,558,663 (2010 census)[46]  China (Guangdong)
45 São Luís 1,381,459 (2014 estimate)[47]  Brazil (Maranhão)
46 Sumbawa 1,391,340 (2014)[48]   Indonesia
47 Mindoro 1,331,473 (2015)[27]   Philippines
48 Okinawa Island 1,301,000 (2015)[3]   Japan
49 Trinidad 1,267,145 (2011 Census)[49]   Trinidad and Tobago
50 Hong Kong Island 1,253,417 (2016C)[50]   Hong Kong
51 Mauritius 1,219,265 (2014)[51]   Mauritius
52 Bohol 1,211,000 (2015)[52]   Philippines
53 South Island 1,155,400 (June 2019).[30]   New Zealand
54 Batam 1,153,860 (2012 BPS Civil Survey)[53]   Indonesia
55 Bahrain Island 1,095,000 (2014E)[54]   Bahrain
56 Cyprus 1,088,503 (2010 estimate)[55]  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK),  Northern Cyprus (Recognised only by Turkey)

Population 500,000 to 1,000,000 [ edit ]

Ranking Island Population Country
57 Oahu 976,372 (2012)[21]  United States ( Hawaii)
58 Bangka 960,692 (2010) [32]   Indonesia
59 Tenerife 906,854 (2010 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
60 Unguja (Zanzibar Island) 896,721 (2012 Census)[56]  Tanzania ( Zanzibar)
61 Palawan 886,308 (2015 census)   Philippines
62 Mallorca 862,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
63 Penang Island 860,000 (2010 estimate)   Malaysia
64 Gran Canaria 838,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
65 Réunion 837,868 (2012 estimate)[57]   France
66 Cangshan 762,746 (2010 census)[58]  China (Fujian)
67 São Vicente 760,000[59]  Brazil ( São Paulo)
68 Nias 756,338 (2010 Census) [60]   Indonesia
69 Vancouver Island 748,937 (2009 estimate)[61]  Canada ( British Columbia)
70 Masbate 706,897 (2015 census)   Philippines
71 Sumba 686,113 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
72 Viti Levu 661,997 (2007 Census)[62]   Fiji
73 Crete 623,065 (2011 Census)   Greece
74 Jeju 621,550 (2014 estimate)[63]   South Korea
75 Chongming 615,297 (2013 census)[64]  China (Shanghai)
76 Phuket 525,018 (2010)[65]   Thailand
77 New Britain 513,926 (2011 census)[66]   Papua New Guinea
78 Tasmania 507,626 (2010 estimate)   Australia
79 Zhoushan 502,667 (2000 census)[67]  China (Zhejiang)
80 Newfoundland 502,273 (2016E basis 2011 census)[68]  Canada ( Newfoundland and Labrador)

Population 100,000 to 500,000 [ edit ]

Ranking Island Population Country
81 Staten Island 474,558 (2016 estimate)  United States ( New York City,  New York)
82 Sakhalin 471,515 (2014 Estimate)[69]   Russia
83 Halmahera 449,938 (2010 Census) [17][70]   Indonesia
84 Jolo 530,000(2015 census)   Philippines
85 Buton 447,408 (2010 Census) [60]   Indonesia
86 Funen 466,284 (2010 estimate)   Denmark
87 Ambon 441,000 (2010 Census)[60]   Indonesia
88 Margarita Island 489,917 (2014 estimate)[71]   Venezuela
89 Seram 434,113 (2010 Census) [60]   Indonesia
90 Île Jésus 429,413 (2016E basis 2011 census)[72]  Canada ( Quebec)
90 IJsselmonde 423,000   Netherlands
91 Santa Catarina 420,000[73]  Brazil (Santa Catarina)
92 Pemba 406,808 (2012 Census)[56]   Tanzania
93 Sandwip 400,000   Bangladesh
94 Basilan 459,367 (2015 census)   Philippines
95 Martinique 390,371 (2012 estimate)[57]  France (Martinique)
96 Malta 386,057 (2011 estimate)[74]   Malta
97 Mactan 467,824 (2015 census)   Philippines
98 Marajó 383,336 (2014 estimate)[75]  Brazil (Pará)
99 Grande Comore 369,600 (2012 estimate)[76]   Comoros
100 Pingtan (Haitan) 357,760 (2010 census)[58]  China (Fujian)
101 Ukerewe Island 345,147 (2012 Census)[56][77]   Tanzania
102 Yangzhong 334,977 (2010 census)  China (Jiangsu)
103 Bioko 339,695 (2015 census)[78]   Equatorial Guinea
104 Bintan 329,659 (2010 Census)[60]   Indonesia
105 Iceland 325,671 (2014 estimate—whole country)[79]   Iceland
106 Maheshkhali 321,218 (2011 Census)[80]   Bangladesh
107 Flevopolder 344,521 (2018 estimate Flevoland w/o Noordopolder)[81]  Netherlands (Flevoland)
108 Corsica 316,578 (2012 estimate)[57]   France
109 Santo Amaro (Guarujá) 308,989 (2014 estimate) [82]  Brazil (São Paulo)
110 Anjouan 306,800 (2012 estimate)[76]   Comoros
111 Vendsyssel-Thy 306,373 (2003)   Denmark
112 Vitória 300,000[83]  Brazil (Espirito Santo)
113 Chengār 292,057 (2011 Census)[84]   Bangladesh
114 Abu Dhabi (island) 280,385   United Arab Emirates
115 Barbados 279,254 (2005 estimate)   Barbados
116 Muna 268,140 (2010 Census) [60]   Indonesia
117 Santiago 290,280 (2014 estimate)[85]   Cape Verde
118 Madeira 262,456 (2011 Census)   Portugal
119 Belitung 262,357 (2010 census) [60]   Indonesia
120 Grande Terre 247,669 (2014 estimate)[86]  New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
121 Geoje Island 241,711 (2010 Census) [63]   South Korea
122 Bushrod 234,596 (1996)[87]   Liberia
123 Bougainville 234,280 (2011 census)[66]   Papua New Guinea
124 Marinduque 227,828 (2010)   Philippines
125 Lagos Island 212,700(2006 Census)[88]   Nigeria
126 Governador Island 212,574 (2010C adm dist including nearby island)[89]  Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
127 New Providence 210,832 (2000 census)   Bahamas
128 Euboea 210,815 (2011 Census)   Greece
129 Lulu Island 206,300  Canada ( British Columbia)
130 Vasilievsky Island 202,650 (2002 census).[90]   Russia
131 Grande-Terre 197,603 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
132 New Ireland 194,067 (2011 estimate, whole province)[66]   Papua New Guinea
133 Tarakan 193,370 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( East Kalimantan)
135 Tsing Yi 191,500 (2015 proj)[91]   Hong Kong
136 Dongchong Island 191,019 (2010 Census)[92]  China (Guangdong)
137 Hawaii (island) 190,821 (2013 factfinder)  United States ( Hawaii)
138 Muharraq 188,597 (2010)[93]   Bahrain
139 Grande Terre 188,442 (2012 estimate)[94]  France (Mayotte)
140 Raghopur 187,722 (2001 census)   India
141 Chiloé 186,933 (2016P census)[95]   Chile
142 Basse-Terre 186,661 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
143 Ternate 185,705 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( North Maluku)
144 Jinshazhou 183,000 (2010 Census)[92]  China (Guangdong)
145 South Andaman Island 181,949 (2001 census)[96]  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
146 Tahiti 178,133 (2007 census)  French Polynesia (overseas collectivity of  France)
147 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 172,797[97]  Argentina and  Chile
148 São Tomé 171,856 (2012 estimate)[98]   São Tomé and Príncipe
149 Voorne-Putten 170,411 (2002)   Netherlands
- Pulau Petak 170,000 + in 2010[99]   Indonesia
150 Carmen, Campeche 169,466 (2010 Census)[100]   Mexico
151 Majuli 167,304 (2011 census)[101]  India (Assam)
152 Csepel Island 165,000 (2017 estimate)[102]  Hungary ( Budapest)
153 Buru 162,116 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( Maluku)
154 Guimaras 162,943 (2010)   Philippines
155 Saint Lucia 166,526 (2010 census)[103]   Saint Lucia
156 Shawan Island 161,390 (2010 census)[92]  China (Guangdong)
157 Maui 160,202 (2013 census factfinder)[21]  United States (Hawaii)
158 Amager 160,064 (2006 estimate)   Denmark
159 Guam 160,000   United States
160 Guadalcanal 158,222 (2009 census includes Honiara and Guadacanal Prov.)[104]   Solomon Islands
161 Tablas 158,050 (2010)   Philippines
162 Biliran 155,061 (2010)   Philippines
163 Malé 153,379 (2014 estimate)   Maldives
164 Qeshm 148,993 (2016C, entire county)[105]   Iran
130 Portsea Island 205,400  United Kingdom ( England)
165 Prince Edward Island 148,649 (2016E basis 2011 census)[106]  Canada ( Prince Edward Island)
166 Mombasa 146,334   Kenya
167 Upolu 147,629 (2011 census)[107]   Samoa
169 Alor 145,299 (2010 Census) [108]   Indonesia
170 Yeong Island 144,884 (2010 Census)[63]  South Korea (Busan)
171 Isle of Wight 139,800 (2016 estimate)  United Kingdom ( England)
172 Malaita 137,596 (2009 C)[104]   Solomon Islands
173 Djerba 139,517 (2004 census)   Tunisia
174 Awaji 138,804 (2013)   Japan
175 Curaçao 156,971 (2015 census) [109]  Curaçao (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
176 São Miguel 137,830 (2011 census)  Portugal ( Azores)
177 Bantayan 136,960 (2010 census)   Philippines
178 Mannar Island 132,000   Sri Lanka
179 Lanzarote 131,708 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
180 Cape Breton Island 131,606 (2016E basis 2011 census)[110]  Canada ( Nova Scotia)
181 Xiaoguwei 131,470 (2010 census)[92]  China (Guangdong)
182 Hisingen 130,497 (2007)   Sweden
183 Vanua Levu 130,000   Fiji
184 Kutubdia 125,279 (2011 Census)[80]   Bangladesh
185 Srirangam 120,000 (2011 Census)  India (Tamil Nadu)
186 Rhodes 119,830 (2011 Census)   Greece
187 Dordrecht 118,601 (2009)   Netherlands
188 Ibiza 117,698 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
189 Daishan 113,983 (2000 census)[111]  China (Zhejiang)
190 Rote 119,908 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( Maluku)
191 Lembata 117,829 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
192 Biak 112,873 (2010 Census) [112]  Indonesia ( Papua)
193 Nansha 112,151 (2010 Census) [92]  China (Guangdong)
194 Peleng 109,319 (2010 Census) [113]  Indonesia ( Central Sulawesi)
195 Bengkalis 108,700 (2010 Census) [114]  Indonesia ( Riau)
196 Saint Vincent 108,600 (2000)   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
197 Songzhou 106,274 (2010 Census) [92]  China (Guangdong)
198 Daishan 105,945 (2014 Census)[115]  China (Zhejiang)
199 Corfu 104,371 (2011 Census)   Greece
200 Jersey 104,200 (2016 estimate) [116]  Jersey (Crown Dependency of the  United Kingdom)
201 Aruba 103,484 (2006 estimate)  Aruba (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
202 Phu Quoc 103,000 (2012 Census)  Vietnam (Kien Giang)
203 Lantau Island 105,000 [117]   Hong Kong
204 Abadan Island [118] 100,000 + but exact population is unknown   Iran

Artificial islands or not usually regarded as islands [ edit ]

What the ranking

would be if added.

Island Population Density

(/km²)
Country
55 Peloponnese 1,100,071 (2011) 51.05   Greece
66 Södertörn 797,334 (2015) 664.445   Sweden
72 Delmarva 681,030 (2000) 48.21   United States
76 Gimpo 620,000 (2020) 1950   South Korea
128 Cape Cod 210,000 (2010) 238  United States (Massachusetts)
163 Songdo 162,000 (2020) 3000  South Korea (Incheon)
Northwest Highlands 100,000 (2019)  United Kingdom ( Scotland)

Future islands [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

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  2. ^ Composed of 6 provinces excluding the four regencies comprising Madura island
  3. ^ a b c d e "総務省|住基ネット". soumu.go.jp.
  4. ^ Composed of 34 prefectures including minor outlying islands
  5. ^ 2011 Census: Population Estimates for the United Kingdom. In the 2011 census, the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,370,000; compromising of 60,800,000 on Great Britain, and 570,000 on other islands. Retrieved 23 January 2014
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  7. ^ Composed of 10 provinces including 2 on outlying islands
  8. ^ Based on Census 2018 population of 6 regions that comprise Mindanao, subtracting out 3 entire provinces: Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Dinagat Islands, and entire islands (geographic) of Basilan, Olutanga, Camiguin, Surigao Islands, Samal, and Sarangani Islands
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  11. ^ "W.P. Labuan Sepintas Lalu". statistics.gov.my. Archived from the original on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
  12. ^ Administratively composed of 5 Indonesian provinces, 2 Malaysian states, 1 Malaysian territory and the sovereign state of Brunei, for this sum does not include Labuan nor Tarakan islands for which there is data.
  13. ^ "Mid-year Population Estimates by Age Group and Sex, 2012 - 2016"(PDF). Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka.
  14. ^ Composed of 6 provinces
  15. ^ Composed of Greater Mumbai, Thane and Mira-Bhayandar
  16. ^ Composed of 7 prefectures
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  118. ^ note: Abadan (231,476) lies on Abadan Island.

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