Lakhon Khol

Lakhon Khol (also romanized as lkhaon khaol; Khmer: ល្ខោនខោល) or Khmer masked drama dance is a dance drama genre that is performed in Cambodia.

History [ edit ]

Lakhon Khol is a traditional theater performance of Cambodia. The word "Khol" is derived from "Khel; Khmer: ខែល; English: shield" and "Lakhon" is refers to Drama. The theatrical drama was developed from the Khmer shadow theater called "Lakhon Sbeak Thom; Khmer: ល្ខោនស្បែកធំ.”

In the 9th century, Lakhon Khol is believed to have been performed in Angkor Empire era which moved the capital from the "Kulen" Mountains to the "Hariharalay" area in the temple complex of Banteay Kdei temple. Until 1243, in King Jayavarman VIIIs reign, the Siamese Army advanced strongly to the west and created the Sukhothai Kingdom. During Dark ages of Cambodia, Cambodia almost lost its heritage after the defeat of many Siamese wars and the overtaking of theaters in 1687 at the age of 17th century.

Lakhon Khol reappeared once again in the 20th century in King Sisowath and continued to King Norodom Sihanouk in 1948, after the end of the World War II by organizing a rehearsal Initially, he visited the Vegetable History at (Lakhon Khol Wat Svay Andet) in Kandal Province , which performed theatrical theater for rainfall and peace to the community every year.The visit to Norodom Sihanouk 's Wat Svay Andet masked dance theater was published in 1948 as the first magazine in the journal "Soriya" by Duke of (Krosem Kuntheak Bondit). In the Soriya Magazine (March 3, 1948), the 3rd edition was published in March 1948, titled "The Lakhon Khol Wat Svay Andet" and stated in the NPL "The theater is limited to the only thing related to Hinduism. Which only plays for the divinities of divisions, such as Reamker and some other things." Later, there was a Giant with Hanuman statue iconic Lakhon Khol In Phnom Penh in 1954, after independence from France, but the statue lost and instead the Chuon Nath statue is still remains.

Another specific story of the theatrical performance is the Reamker, the Khmer legend of the Ramayana. The performance includes an introduction to storytellers who play an important role in the performance and classical music of the Pin Peat. The theater was popular in the Lon Nol era, and then became King Sihanouk's favorite wife. There were 8 teams of specialist theater and then ravaged by war, but now only one group is at Wat Svay Andet, 15 km away from Phnom Penh. Two new groups started in the war, including the Kampong Thom and National Theater troupes from the Department of Fine Arts and the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts. And now the drama is also part of the schedule of studies at the University of Fine Arts. Lakhon Khol was Inscribed in tentative list of UNESCO intangible culture heritage as Urgent safe guarding on March 31, 2017 by Ministry of culture and fine art.

On November 28, 2018, Lkhon Khol Wat Svay Andet was included in the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding of UNESCO.[1][2]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

Bibliography [ edit ]

  • Carol A. Mortland, et al. (1994). Cambodian Culture since 1975:Homeland and Exile, Cornell University Press
  • Theatre in Southeast Asia, by James R. Brandon (Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press 1967)
  • Theatre in the East, by Faubion Bowers (New York T. Nelson 1956)
  • The Cambridge Guide to Theater, by Martin Banham (Cambridge University Press)
  • Dictionary of Traditional Southeast Asian Theatre by Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof.(Oxford University Press. 1994.)
  • Sasagawa, Hideo (2005). Post/colonial Discourses on the Cambodian Court Dance[permanent dead link], Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 42, No. 4, March 2005

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Lakhon Khol gets Unesco Heritage status - The Nation". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  2. ^ "Intangible Heritage: Seven elements inscribed on the List in Need of Urgent Safeguarding". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2018-11-29.
  3. ^ "Royal ballet of Cambodia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  4. ^ "Intangible Heritage: Cambodia will receive financial support for the urgent safeguarding of Chapei Dang Veng musical tradition - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  5. ^ "Royal ballet of Cambodia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  6. ^ "Search within UNESCO ICH website - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". Retrieved 2017-08-01.
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