Wikipedia

Mark A. Milley

Mark Milley
Mark Miley Army Chief of Staff.jpg
Born (1958-06-18) June 18, 1958 (age 61)

Winchester, Massachusetts
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1980–present
Rank General
Commands held Chief of Staff of the United States Army

United States Army Forces Command

III Corps

International Security Assistance Force Joint Command

10th Mountain Division

2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light)
Battles/wars United States invasion of Panama

Operation Uphold Democracy

Operation Joint Endeavor

Iraq War

War in Afghanistan
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal

Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)

Defense Superior Service Medal (3)

Legion of Merit (3)

Bronze Star Medal (4)

Mark Alexander Milley (born June 20, 1958) is a four-star general in the United States Army, the 39th and former Chief of Staff of the Army,[1] and the Chairman-designate of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[2] He previously served as the 21st commanding general of United States Army Forces Command from August 15, 2014 to August 9, 2015. Milley is the highest ranking officer in the United States Army.[3]

Early life and education [ edit ]

Born in Winchester, Massachusetts, Milley attended the Belmont Hill School.[4] He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Princeton University, a Master of Arts degree in international relations from Columbia University, and another Master of Arts degree in national security and strategic studies from the United States Naval War College.[5] He is also a graduate of the MIT Center for International Studies Seminar XXI National Security Studies Program.[6]

Military career [ edit ]

Milley earned his commission as an Armor officer through Princeton's Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps program in 1980 and has spent most of his career in Infantry assignments.[7]

Milley has served in the 82nd Airborne Division, the 5th Special Forces Group,[8] the 7th Infantry Division, the 2nd Infantry Division, the Joint Readiness Training Center, the 25th Infantry Division, Operations Staff of the Joint Staff, and as a Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon.[9] In November 2000, he participated in the 2nd Annual Army-Navy Ice Hockey Game in Honolulu, Hawaii, a charity event benefiting youth ice hockey players in the area.[10]

Milley commanded the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light) from December 2003 to July 2005, served as Deputy Commanding General (Operations), 101st Airborne Division from July 2007 to April 2008, and was Commander of the 10th Mountain Division from November 2011 to December 2012.[11] He then served as the Commanding General of III Corps, based at Fort Hood, Texas, from 2012 to 2014,[12] and as the Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command, based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from 2014 to 2015. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the United States Army on August 14, 2015.[13]

President Donald Trump shakes hands with Mark A. Milley following the 9/11 Observance Ceremony at the Pentagon in Arlington, Va., September 11, 2017

Iraq War study [ edit ]

In 2018, Milley was involved in deciding whether the Army would publish a controversial study on the Iraq War, a two volume, 1,300 page study. Milley reportedly decided that he wanted to read the entire 500,000 word study before making a decision on publication. Milley also directed that an external panel of scholars review the work before he would make a decision. After the panel returned glowing reviews on the study, including one that described the study as "the gold standard in official history", Milley continued to delay publication so he could review the study further.

In September 2018, secretary of the Army Mark Esper and other Army officials decided to distance themselves from the study by casting the study "as an independent" work of the authors, instead of being described as a project by the Chief of Staff of the Army’s Operation Iraqi Freedom Study Group." When confronted by a journalist from the Wall Street Journal in October 2018, Milley reversed these decisions, ordering the study to be published officially, and with a foreword that he would write. He declared the team that wrote the study "did a damn good job," that the study itself was "a solid work," and noted that he aimed to publish the study by the holidays (2018).[14]

Within days of this revelation, two members of congress who sit on the House Armed Services Committee (Reps. Jackie Speier, D-California, and Ruben Gallego, D-Arizona) sent a letter to Army leadership that expressed their anger with the Army's delay of publication of the report. In a press release accompanying the letter to Milley and Esper, Rep. Spier said, "This is simply the Army being unwilling to publicly air its mistakes. Our military, Congress, and the American people deserve nothing less than total transparency on the lessons the Army has identified so that we may use those lessons to avoid costly, and too often deadly, mistakes of the past."[15] The study was published January 17, 2019.[16]

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff [ edit ]

On December 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Milley to serve as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[17] On July 25, 2019, the United States Senate confirmed Milley's nomination by a vote of 89–1.[18]

Operational deployments [ edit ]

Milley has had multiple operational deployments including:

Awards and decorations [ edit ]

CIB2.pngCombat Infantryman Badge with Star (denoting 2nd award)
Expert Infantry Badge.svg Expert Infantryman Badge
Einzelbild Special Forces (Special Forces Insignia).svg Special Forces Tab
Ranger Tab.svg Ranger tab
Master Parachutist badge (United States).svg Master Parachutist Badge
SFDiver.PNG Special Operations Diver Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Army Staff Identification Badge
Brevet Parachutiste.jpg French Parachutist Badge
101st Airborne Division CSIB.png 101st Airborne Division Combat Service Identification Badge
Distinctive unit insignia of the 506th Infantry Regiment (United States).svg 506th Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
ArmyOSB.svg 9 Overseas Service Bars
Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgArmy Distinguished Service Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgDefense Superior Service Medal with two bronze oak leaf clusters
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgLegion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters
Width-44 scarlet ribbon with width-4 ultramarine blue stripe at center, surrounded by width-1 white stripes. Width-1 white stripes are at the edges.Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze Star Medal with three oak leaf clusters
Silver oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal with silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgArmy Commendation Medal with four oak leaf clusters
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Achievement Medal with oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Joint Meritorious Unit Award with oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgBronze oakleaf-3d.svgMeritorious Unit Commendation with three oak leaf clusters
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal with one bronze service star
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgArmed Forces Expeditionary Medal with two service stars
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgAfghanistan Campaign Medal with three campaign stars
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgBronze-service-star-3d-vector.svgIraq Campaign Medal with two campaign stars
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Korea Defense Service Medal
Humanitarian Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Award numeral 5.pngArmy Overseas Service Ribbon with bronze award numeral 5
Bronze star
NATO Medal for service with ISAF with bronze service star
Multinational Force and Observers Medal
Ordre national du Merite Commandeur ribbon.svg French National Order of Merit, Commander[19]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, President-elect Trump – the ‘West Wing’ lesson, The Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2016.
  2. ^ n the Nomination (Confirmation: General Mark A. Milley to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ), United States Senate, July 25, 2019
  3. ^ "Chief of Staff of the Army | General Mark A. Milley". United States Army. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  4. ^ Berkowitz, Bram (August 27, 2015). "Winchester Native Mark A. Milley Becomes U.S. Army Chief of Staff". Winchester Star. Winchester, MA.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015. CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Art, Robert (September 1, 2015). "From the Director: September, 2015". MIT Seminar XXI. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  7. ^ Graham-Ashley, Heather (December 20, 2012). "III Corps' new commander views road ahead, training, support". III Corps and Fort Hood Public Affairs. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  8. ^ Gal Perl Finkel, The IDF that Eisenkot leaves behind is ready, The Jerusalem Post, January 1, 2019.
  9. ^ U.S. Army Forces Command, Commanding GeneralArchived 2015-09-06 at the Wayback Machine, www.army.mil/forscom, dated August 15, 2014, last accessed August 15, 2015
  10. ^ "Honolulu Star-Bulletin Sports". archives.starbulletin.com.
  11. ^ Block, Gordon (December 4, 2012). "Fort Drum welcomes new 10th Mountain Division commander at ceremony". Watertown Daily Times. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  12. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (May 13, 2015). "Gen. Mark Milley picked for Army chief of staff". Army Times.
  13. ^ Michelle Tan, Staff writer (August 14, 2015). "Milley takes over as new chief of staff; Odierno retires". Army Times.
  14. ^ Gordon, Michael R. (October 22, 2018). "The Army Stymied Its Own Study of the Iraq War" – via www.wsj.com.
  15. ^ South, Todd (October 25, 2018). "Army's detailed Iraq war study remains unpublished years after completion". Army Times.
  16. ^ "The U.S. Army in the Iraq War". January 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "Donald Trump makes it official: Gen. Mark Milley to chair Joint Chiefs of Staff". USA Today. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  18. ^ On the Nomination (Confirmation: General Mark A. Milley to be Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), United States Senate, July 25, 2019
  19. ^ "Twitter". Mobile.twitter.com. November 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.

External links [ edit ]

Military offices
Preceded by

James Terry
Commanding General of the 10th Mountain Division

2011–2012
Succeeded by

Stephen Townsend
Preceded by

Donald Campbell
Commanding General of III Corps

2012–2014
Succeeded by

Sean MacFarland
Preceded by

James Terry
Commanding General of ISAF-Joint Command

2013–2014
Succeeded by

Joseph Anderson
Preceded by

Daniel Allyn
Commanding General of United States Army Forces Command

2014–2015
Succeeded by

Robert B. Abrams
Preceded by

Raymond T. Odierno
Chief of Staff of the United States Army

2015–2019
Succeeded by

James C. McConville
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