Wikipedia

Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County

Minhe


民和县
民和回族土族自治县مٍهْ خُوِذُو تُوذُو ذِجِشِیًا

Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County
MinHe2.JPG
Minhe is located in Qinghai
Minhe
Minhe
Location of the seat in Qinghai
Coordinates (Minhe County government): 36°19′12″N102°49′51″E / 36.3200°N 102.8308°E / 36.3200; 102.8308Coordinates: 36°19′12″N102°49′51″E / 36.3200°N 102.8308°E / 36.3200; 102.8308
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture-level city Haidong
County seat Chuankou
Area
 • Autonomous county 1,780 km2 (690 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Autonomous county 438,100
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Urban
117,200
 • Rural
320,900
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
810800
Area code(s) 0972
Website http://www.minhe.gov.cn/

Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 民和回族土族自治县; traditional Chinese: 民和回族土族自治縣; pinyin: Mínhé Huízú Tǔzú Zìzhìxiàn; Xiao'erjing: مٍهْ خُوِذُو تُوذُو ذِجِشِیًا‎) is the easternmost county in Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Haidong (lit. Eastern Qinghai) Region. "Hui" refers to the Chinese Muslims, whereas "Tu" refers to the ethnic group known as “Monguor” in the West and as "Tu Zu" in China. It borders the Honggu District of Gansu on the east, demarcated by the Datong River, a tributary to the Huangshui River, which eventually flows into the Yellow River.

The County is multi-ethnic and significant to not only holding the most densely populated Tu Zu settlement in Sanchuan/Guanting in its southeastern portion, but also as the homeland of the legendary Emperor Yü the Great, who established the Xia Dynasty (2070–1600 BC), the first ever recorded dynasty in the ancient Chinese history[2][3][4][5] based on recent archaeological discoveries.[6]

Climate [ edit ]

Climate data for Minhe Hui And Tu Autonomous County
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.6

(34.9)
4.9

(40.8)
11.0

(51.8)
17.3

(63.1)
21.8

(71.2)
25.0

(77.0)
26.7

(80.1)
25.7

(78.3)
20.5

(68.9)
15.3

(59.5)
8.3

(46.9)
2.6

(36.7)
15.1

(59.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.4

(20.5)
−2.9

(26.8)
3.8

(38.8)
9.9

(49.8)
14.6

(58.3)
17.9

(64.2)
20.1

(68.2)
19.6

(67.3)
14.6

(58.3)
8.8

(47.8)
1.4

(34.5)
−5.0

(23.0)
8.0

(46.5)
Average low °C (°F) −14.4

(6.1)
−10.7

(12.7)
−3.3

(26.1)
2.6

(36.7)
7.5

(45.5)
10.9

(51.6)
13.5

(56.3)
13.5

(56.3)
8.7

(47.7)
2.3

(36.1)
−5.5

(22.1)
−12.6

(9.3)
1.0

(33.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2

(0.1)
3

(0.1)
10

(0.4)
22

(0.9)
41

(1.6)
44

(1.7)
69

(2.7)
84

(3.3)
59

(2.3)
24

(0.9)
5

(0.2)
2

(0.1)
365

(14.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [7]

Administrative divisions [ edit ]

Minhe is divided into 8 towns and 14 townships, including 1 ethnic township.[8][9] The county government is seated in Chuankou.[8]

The county's 8 towns are Chuankou, Gushan [zh], Maying [zh], Guanting, Bazhou [zh], Manping [zh], Li'erbao [zh], and Xiamen [zh].[8][9]

The county's 14 townships are Machangyuan Township [zh], Beishan Township [zh], Songshu Township [zh], Xigou Township [zh], Zongbao Township [zh], Longzhi Township [zh], Dazhuang Township [zh], Zhuandao Township [zh], Qianhe Township [zh], Gangou Township [zh], Zhongchuan Township [zh], Xing'er Tibetan Ethnic Township [zh], Hetaozhuang Township [zh], and Xinmin Township [zh].[8][9]

Demographics [ edit ]

In 2019 the county had a registered population of 438,100 people.[1] The county's urban population was 117,200 people, whereas the remaining 320,900 people lived in rural areas.[1] The county recorded a birth rate of 10.90 per thousand, and a death rate of 4.44 per thousand, giving the county a rate of natural increase of 6.46 per thousand.[1] Of the county's population, 38.28% were ethnically Han Chinese.[1]

Languages [ edit ]

The county has large populations of Hui, Tibetan, and Tu people, whose languages are commonly spoken in varying parts of the county.[10] In addition to Standard Mandarin, there is also a unique Gangou dialect, a unique Guanting dialect, and a unique dialect in the Jingning Village of Gangou Township [zh].[10]

Economy [ edit ]

Minhe's GDP stood at 10.349 billion Yuan in 2019, of which, 1.329 billion Yuan came from the county's primary sector, 4.249 billion Yuan came from the county's secondary sector, and 4.771 billion Yuan came from the county's tertiary sector.[1] The county's GDP per capita stood at 27,745 Yuan as of 2019.[1]

The county's per capita disposable income was 18,487 Yuan in 2019, which stood at 31,432 Yuan for urban residents, and 11,706 Yuan for rural residents.[1] Minhe's unemployment rate stood at 3.22% at the end of 2019.[1] Retail sales in the county totaled 2.820 billion Yuan in 2019, of which, urban sales accounted for 1.448 billion, and rural sales accounted for 1.372 billion.[1]

Agriculture [ edit ]

In 2019, 623,600 mu of land was sown, of which, 235,500 mu was sown for corn, 119,600 mu was sown for potatoes, 103,700 mu was sown for wheat, 69,100 mu was sown for seed oils, and 46,000 mu was sown for vegetables and mushrooms.[1] Animal husbandry is also common in Minhe, and the county's farmers have sizable populations of cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry.[1]

Industry [ edit ]

The county's largest industries are the production of cement, ferroalloys, aluminium, and graphite.[1]

Education [ edit ]

As of 2019, the county had 10,962 kindergarten students, 33,609 primary school students, 15,539 junior high students, 9,953 standard secondary school students, and 5,446 vocational secondary school students.[1]

Culture [ edit ]

A number of cultural traditions unique to particular regions in Minhe County have been recorded, and are generally attributed to the large amount of inter-ethnic contact in the region.[10]

The region has a number of traditions unique to giving birth to a child, including unique midwifing practices, a "step on birth" (踏生; tà shēng) tradition where families invite a guest to visit their newborn in the hopes of the baby inheriting the guest's positive personality traits, a celebration for a newborn's 30th day known as a "baimanyue" (摆满月; bǎi mǎnyuè), and consulting books which host clan-specific baby names in order to name newborns.[10]

Ethnic Monguor and Tibetan weddings in the area are remarkable in that they involve more singing than their Han Chinese counterparts.[10]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n 民和县2019年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. Minhe County People's Government (in Chinese). 2020-05-07. Archived from the original on 2020-06-24. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  2. ^ Bao Yizhi (鲍义志) (15 September 2006). 喇家遗址与大禹治水 [The Lajia Site and flood management by Yü the Great]. 青海日报 [Qinghai Daily]. Xining.
  3. ^ Bao Yizhi (鲍义志) (2007). 再说大禹故里 [More discussions on the homeland of Yü the Great]. 中国土族 [China's Tu Nationality]. 34 (2): 13.
  4. ^ Xie Zuo (谢佐) (2006). 略论河湟文化的史前文明 [On the prehistorical civilization of the Hehuang Culture]. 中国土族 [China's Tu Nationality]. 32 (4): 4–6.
  5. ^ Zhang Zhongxiao (张忠孝) (2007). 民和官亭是大禹故里 [Guanting of Minhe is the homeland of Yü the Great]. 中国土族 [China's Tu Nationality]. 34 (2): 14–16.
  6. ^ Lu, Houyuan, Xiaoyan Yang, Maolin Ye, Kam-Biu Liu, Zhengkai Xia, Xiaoyan Ren, Linhai Cai, Naiqin Wu and Tung-Sheng Liu (2005). "Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China." Nature 437(7061): 967-968.
  7. ^ "Climate: Minhe Hui And Tu Autonomous County". Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d 民和回族土族自治县概况地图. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2013-04-23. Archived from the original on 2020-06-24. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  9. ^ a b c 2019年统计用区划代码. stats.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-06-24. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  10. ^ a b c d e Feng, Lide; Stuart, Kevin (September 1992). "Interethnic Contact on the Inner Asian Frontier: The Gangou People of Minhe County, Qinghai" (PDF). Sino-Platonic Papers. 33. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-13.
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