Mir Fendereski or Mir Findiriski (Persian: میرفِنْدِرِسْکی) (1562–1640) was a Persian philosopher, poet and mystic of the Safavid era. His full name is given as Sayyed Mir Abulqasim Astarabadi (Persian: سید ابولقاسم استرآبادی), and he is famously known as Fendereski. He lived for a while in Isfahan at the same time as Mir Damad spent a great part of his life in India among yogis and Zoroastrians, and learnt certain things from them. He was patronized by both the Safavid and Mughal courts. The famous Persian philosopher Mulla Sadra also studied under him.
Life [ edit ]
Works [ edit ]
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A number of works are attributed to him, although these have not been studied in detail. He made extensive commentary on the Persian translation of the Mahabharata (Razm-Nama in Persian) and the philosophical text of the Yoga Vasistha. "Resâle Sanaie", "Resâleh dar kimiyâ" and "Šahre ketabe mahârat", in Persian language, are some of his most famous works. Also, his criticism of the Persian translation of the Yoga Vasistha indicates he was familiar with Sanskrit.
He was also a poet and composed a long philosophical ode (qaṣida ḥekmiya) in imitation of and response to the Persian Ismaʿili thinker Nasir Khusraw. His best-known work is titled al-Resāla al-ṣenāʿiya, an examination of the arts and professions within an ideal society. The importance of this treatise is that it combines a number of genres and subject areas: political and ethical thought, mirrors-for-princes, metaphysics, and the critical subject of the classifications of the sciences.
See also [ edit ]
Notes [ edit ]
- Hossein, Nasr, Seyyed. "Findiriskī". Encyclopedia of Islam, second edition, Brill. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- Encyclopedia Iranica, "Mir Fenderski" by Sajjad. H. Rizvi
- Fazlur Rahman, The Philosophy of Mullā Ṣadrā (Ṣadr Al-Dīn Al-Shirāzī), SUNY Press, 1975
Further reading [ edit ]
- "The Place of the School of Isfahan in Islamic Philosophy and Sufism," in The Heritage of Sufism, Volume III: Late Classical Persianate Sufism (1501–1750), ed. L. Lewisohn and D. Morgan, Oxford, 1999, pp. 3–15.