Wikipedia

Mohe City

Mohe


漠河市
北极村的童话世界 QQ696847 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Mohe City jurisdiction (pink) in Daxing'anling Prefecture (yellow) and Heilongjiang
Location of Mohe City jurisdiction (pink) in Daxing'anling Prefecture (yellow) and Heilongjiang
Mohe is located in Heilongjiang
Mohe
Mohe
Location of the city center in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 52°58′19″N122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539Coordinates: 52°58′19″N122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture Daxing'anling
County seat Xilinji (西林吉镇)
Area
 • Total 18,233 km2 (7,040 sq mi)
Elevation
435 m (1,427 ft)
Population
 • Total 83,465
 • Density 4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
165300
Website www.hlmohe.gov.cn
Mohe City
Chinese 漠河
Literal meaning "Indiferent River"

Mohe (Chinese: 漠河; pinyin: Mòhé) is a county-level city in Daxing'anling Prefecture, Heilongjiang province.

It is the northernmost city in China.

Geography [ edit ]

Dzhalinda (1951)

Mohe is located in the far northwest of Heilongjiang at latitude 52° 10'−53° 33' N and 121° 07'−124° 20' E. It forms a border with Russia's Amur Oblast and Zabaykalsky Krai, where the Amur River flows for 245 kilometres (152 mi). A village, the northernmost Chinese settlement, at the latitude of 53° 29' N known as the Beiji Village (北极村, literally "Northernmost") lies in this city, on the Amur River.

Mohe spans 150 kilometres (93 mi) from north to south and has a total area of 18,233 square kilometres (7,040 sq mi), occupying 21.6% of the prefecture's (Daxing'anling) area and 3.9% of the provincial (Heilongjiang) area. This creates a population density of only 4.64 persons/km2 (12.0 persons/sqmi).

Climate [ edit ]

Mohe, by virtue of its far northern location, is one of the few locations in China with a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc),[1]) with long, severe winters, and short, warm summers.[2] Winter begins in early to mid-October and lasts until late April, and temperatures then are normally the coldest nationwide. Average temperatures stay below freezing for a total of nearly seven months of the year, and the frost-free period is just short of 90 days; in addition, the diurnal temperature variation is large, averaging 15.9 °C (28.6 °F) annually. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −29.8 °C (−21.6 °F) in January to 18.4 °C (65.1 °F) in July, with an annual mean of −4.29 °C (24.3 °F), so that the city is only a little south of the line of continuous permafrost. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −52.3 °C (−62 °F)[3] to 39.3 °C (103 °F).[4]

Climate data for Mohe (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −4.8

(23.4)
−0.1

(31.8)
16.2

(61.2)
24.6

(76.3)
35.1

(95.2)
36.8

(98.2)
38.0

(100.4)
34.2

(93.6)
29.5

(85.1)
23.0

(73.4)
8.5

(47.3)
−3.2

(26.2)
39.3

(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) −21.5

(−6.7)
−13.0

(8.6)
−3.1

(26.4)
7.7

(45.9)
17.5

(63.5)
24.2

(75.6)
25.8

(78.4)
23.1

(73.6)
16.4

(61.5)
5.1

(41.2)
−10.6

(12.9)
−21.2

(−6.2)
4.2

(39.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.8

(−21.6)
−24.8

(−12.6)
−14.0

(6.8)
−0.2

(31.6)
9.1

(48.4)
16.0

(60.8)
18.4

(65.1)
15.4

(59.7)
7.9

(46.2)
−3.0

(26.6)
−18.5

(−1.3)
−28.0

(−18.4)
−4.3

(24.3)
Average low °C (°F) −36.2

(−33.2)
−33.1

(−27.6)
−24.3

(−11.7)
−7.5

(18.5)
0.3

(32.5)
7.5

(45.5)
11.7

(53.1)
9.4

(48.9)
1.4

(34.5)
−9.9

(14.2)
−25.3

(−13.5)
−34.0

(−29.2)
−11.7

(11.0)
Record low °C (°F) −49.6

(−57.3)
−52.3

(−62.1)
−42.7

(−44.9)
−32.6

(−26.7)
−13.1

(8.4)
−3.2

(26.2)
−0.9

(30.4)
−1.0

(30.2)
−12.2

(10.0)
−28.7

(−19.7)
−41.7

(−43.1)
−48.5

(−55.3)
−52.3

(−62.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.0

(0.20)
4.4

(0.17)
6.9

(0.27)
23.8

(0.94)
32.9

(1.30)
67.6

(2.66)
99.1

(3.90)
107.2

(4.22)
50.1

(1.97)
15.7

(0.62)
12.5

(0.49)
7.4

(0.29)
432.6

(17.03)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 5.7 4.6 7.7 9.3 14.9 16.2 16.2 11.6 5.6 8.7 9.3 117.4
Source: Weather China, all-time record high and low[4]

Transportation [ edit ]

Mohe Railway Station

Mohe railway station, opened in 1972, is the northernmost railway station in China. It has regular passenger service to Harbin, Qiqihar and Shenyang.[5]

Mohe Gulian Airport, opened 2008, is the nation's northernmost airport.

See also [ edit ]

Sources [ edit ]

  1. ^ "The 6 climate zones of China". ClimateList. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  2. ^ Krishna, K. R. (2015-01-28). Agricultural Prairies: Natural Resources and Crop Productivity. CRC Press. ISBN 9781482258066.
  3. ^ "Climate". en.chinaculture.org. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  4. ^ a b Extreme Temperatures Around the World - world highest lowest temperatures. Accessed 2010-11-02
  5. ^ Mohe train schedule (in Chinese)

External links [ edit ]

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