Bozhong Mountain

Bozhong Mountain
Chinese 嶓冢
Literal meaning Elder Bo
Hanwang Mountain
Simplified Chinese 汉王
Literal meaning King Han Mountain
Former names
Fuyu Mountain
Traditional Chinese 鮒愚
Simplified Chinese 鲋愚
Literal meaning Carp Foolishness Mountain

Bozhong Mountain, also known by its Chinese name Bozhong Shan,[a] is a mountain mentioned in the Book of Documents. It is said to be the source of the headwaters of the Han River, the namesake of the Han Dynasty and the Han Chinese. The mountain has been identified as a mountain in southern Shaanxi province's Ningqiang County or as another mountain on the border between Gansu province's Tianshui and Li County in the People's Republic of China. Both mountains are referred to as Bozhong Mountain.[3]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Former romanizations include Po-khung[1] and Po-mung.[2]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Legge, James, ed. (1879), "The Tribute of Yü", The Shû King, Shih King, & Hsiâo King.
  2. ^ "China", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. V, 1878.
  3. ^ 夏征农; 陈至立, eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本 [Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). 上海. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 0180. ISBN 9787532628599. 古山名。又作嶓。《尚书·禹贡》梁州:“岷嶓既艺。”导山:“导嶓冢至于荆山。”导水:“嶓冢导漾,东流为汉。”指梁州境内漾水即汉水上源所出之山。漾水指今西汉水某一支流,古人误以为即汉水上源,故班固、郑玄、《水经注》作者均认为西汉水所出为嶓冢山,在今甘肃省天水市和礼县之间。后人既知西汉水非汉水上源,故又指今陕西省宁强县北汉源所出之山为嶓冢,北魏并置嶓冢县于山侧。此后地理图籍中遂有两嶓冢,后世学者所争论者即何者系《禹贡》所指之嶓冢。

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