National Central City

National Central City
Map of National central cities in the People's Republic of China.png
Simplified Chinese 国家 中心 城市
Traditional Chinese 國家中心城市

National Central City (simplified Chinese: 国家中心城市; traditional Chinese: 國家中心城市; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngxīn Chéngshì) was a concept proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China. The National Central Cities are described as a group of cities in charge of leading, developing, and performing tasks in political, economic, and cultural aspects.

In February 2010, the ministry issued the "National Urban System Plan" and designated five major cities, Beijing and Tianjin in the Bohai Economic Rim, Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, and Chongqing in the West Triangle Economic Zone as the National Central Cities. In May 2016, Chengdu was announced to be the sixth National Central City by the government. Later, in December the same year, Wuhan and Zhengzhou are also added to the list of National Central Cities.

The National Central Cities sphere of influence have great impact around the surrounding cities on modernizing and integrating services in fields such as infrastructure, finance, public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning.

List of the National Central Cities [ edit ]

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Total GDP

(2017 USD)
Per capita

(2017 USD)
Urban Population



Municipal Population

Economic Zone Region Subdivisions
Beijing 北京; Běijīng $443.8 billion $20,446.58 18.76 million 16,411 1,323 21.70 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Tianjin 天津; Tiānjīn $294.7 billion $19,452 12.91 million 11,920 1,306 15.57 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Shanghai 上海; Shànghǎi $477.63 billion $19,750.5 21.21 million 6,341 3,813.8 24.18 million Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone East List
Chongqing (Districts) 重庆; Chóngqìng $309.1 billion $9,433 19.71 million 82,400 373.2 30.75 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Chengdu 成都; Chéngdū $220.2 billion $13,831.98 11.54 million 14,312 1,121 16.05 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Guangzhou 广州; Guǎngzhōu $341 billion $22,317 12.49 million 7,434 1,950.2 14.50 million Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region South List
Wuhan 武汉; Wǔhàn $212.6 billion $19,627.7 8.72 million 8,494 1,282 10.89 million Yangtze River Mid-Reaches Metropolitan Region Central
Zhengzhou 郑州; Zhèngzhōu $144.7 billion $14,276.13 7.14 million 7,446 1,327 9.88 million Central Plains Economic Zone Central
Xi'an 西安; Xī'ān $118.4 billion $12,055.41 5.9 million 10,135 893.6 9.06 million West Triangle Economic Zone Northwest

For more information, please see the People Daily article.[1]

Gallery [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

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