National Roman Legion Museum
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|Location||Caerleon, Newport, Wales|
|Website||National Roman Legion Museum|
The National Roman Legion Museum (Welsh: Amgueddfa Lleng Rufeinig Cymru) is a museum in Caerleon, near Newport, south-east Wales. It is one of three Roman sites in Caerleon, along with the Baths museum and the open-air ruins of the amphitheatre and barracks. It is part of the wider network of Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales.
History [ edit ]
Roman Wales was the farthest point west that the Roman Empire in Roman Britain extended to, and as a defence point the fortress at Isca Augusta, now Caerleon, built in 75 AD, was one of only three permanent Roman Legionary fortresses in Roman Britain. It was occupied and operational for just over 200 years.
A short walk from the National Roman Legion Museum is the remains of Isca Augusta:
- Part of the military bath house in the Roman Baths Museum
- The most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain
- Sections of the fortress walls
- The only remains of a Roman legionary barracks on view anywhere in Europe at Prysg Field
Museum [ edit ]
The first museum building was the Antiquarian Museum of 1850. This was built to a design by H.F Lockwood of Hull, a simple box-shaped building of Bath stone. Its only architectural feature of note was the pillared portico in the Greek Doric style. Little is known of the original building but it is known to have re-used ship's timbers in its roof and stone details from the Old Market House of Caerleon which had been demolished shortly before. It is often claimed that the timbers are from HMS Collingwood, although this ship was in service at the time and had no obvious connection to Newport.
The museum building was Grade II listed in 1951, but was largely demolished during the 1987 rebuilding and enlargement of the museum. Only the portico now remains. The new building is in a modernist style, but equally featureless and windowless as the original.
As of February 2019, the site is being redeveloped and is closed to the public until autumn 2019. It will continue to offer facilities for local schools.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- Caerleon Roman Fortress (3rd ed.). Cadw. 2003. p. 19. ISBN 1-85760-159-9.
- "Caerleon Roman Legionary Museum, Roman Lodge, Caerleon". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. NPRN 31953.
- "Ashlar Doric portico at The Roman Legionary Museum, Caerleon". British Listed Buildings.
[ edit ]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Roman Legion Museum.|
- Official website – National Roman Legion Museum
- Six pages of artifacts held within the museum and relating to Roman Caerleon at Gathering the Jewels
History of Caerleon, Wales
|Kingdom of Gwent|
Roman visitor sites in the UK
|Forts & military|
Museums and art galleries in Wales
Amgueddfa Cymru –
National Museum Wales
|Galleries and art|
|Bus and Motoring|
Placenames in brackets are either present-day names or counties where the towns formerly existed.