Southern suburb of Trivandrum city
Neyyattinkara Temple
Neyyattinkara Temple
Coordinates: 8°24′N77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08Coordinates: 8°24′N77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08
Country   India
State Kerala
Suburb Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area
Revenue Division Thiruvananthapuram
 • Body Neyyattinkara Municipality

(Rating: First Grade since 2014)

or Neyyattinkara Municipal Council (NMC)
 • Chairperson W R Heeba, (CPI(M) party)
 • Vice Chairman K K Shibu
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) Sri K Ansalan
 • Member of Parliament Shashi Tharoor, (Indian National Congress party, Re-elected in 2019)
26 m (85 ft)
 • Total 70,850 (Municipality)

880,986 (Taluk)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
695 121
Telephone code 91 (0)471 XXX XXXX
Vehicle registration KL-20
Sex ratio 1064
Literacy 98.72%
Planning agency P W D Neyyattinkara
Civic agency Neyyattinkara Municipality
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,700 millimetres (67 in)
Avg. annual temperature 27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)

Neyyattinkara is an major industrial and commercial area of Trivandrum city and is a major Municipal Town located in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala State, and is the headquarters of Neyyattinkara Taluk. Kerala Automobiles Limited which producing electric autorickshaw is situated here. Located around 18 km (11 mi) south of the State capital Trivandrum, on the National Highway 66 to Kanyakumari, the town spreads over an area of 16.21 km2 on the banks of the Neyyar River.It The name 'Neyyattinkara' in Malayalam regional language means shore (kara) of Neyyar River. This river flows from Agasthyarkoodam, the highest peak (1868m above MSL) in southern end of the Western Ghats.

Administration [ edit ]

The town comes under the purview of Neyyattinkara Municipality and it is the major town on the banks of Neyyar River. The rapidly growing Thiruvananthapuram city has almost reached its outskirts. The town is mostly residential, with lots of government and service sector establishments. The standard and generally accepted abbreviations of Neyyattinkara are NTA (used by general public) or NYY (used by Indian railway) and NTKA used by Kerala State Electricity Board

Proposed Neyyattinkara District [ edit ]

Members of Neyyattinkara District Formation Samithi has submitted a request (Memorandum) to the State Government for the formation of a new district viz. Neyyattinkara District dividing Thiruvananthapuram district – one of the most populous districts in Kerala State. The main objective of such a proposal to the State Government is to get deserving benefits to this Southern part of Thiruvanathapuram district.[2]

History [ edit ]

Cave pictures, probably by Neolithic people, are found in Pandavanpara, located in the North east side of Neyyattinkara towards Karakonam route. This famous cave will come under Perumkadavila panchayath. The name of this portion of land, before Marthanda Varma became the ruler of Travancore, was 'Thenganad'.

Geography [ edit ]

Neyyattinkara is located at 8°24′N77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08.[3] It has an average elevation of 26 metres (85 feet). The town is situated on the Neyyar River side, one of the principal rivers in Trivandrum district. The river flows to the south part of the town. Water Supply for the town and the adjacent places is obtained from this river. Topography of the town is rather uneven, with higher areas in the downtown. Nearby the town is the hillock Aruvippuram. The Western Ghats form a scenic backdrop to the town. The town is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The nearby sea shore is just 10 km. away in west, and seven kilometres to the east can take you to the mammoth hillocks of Western ghats. The geology is said to be typical of the Kerala soil - the Laterite and Red soil. The town can still boast of a good green cover in residential and non-residential areas.

Veerasmrithi [ edit ]

As per the depiction on the veera smrithi it states " From this village 174 men went to the great war 1914 to 1919".

Very interesting to see the spelling as "NEGYTHINKARA'

Neyyattinkara WW1 WWI world war memorial
Neyyattinkara Veerasmrithi

Religious centres [ edit ]

The Neyyattinkara Sree Krishna Swamy Temple is situated in the centre of the town and is an important pilgrimage centre. The annual festival is an important attraction for people in the district.

Besides the religious significance, the temple holds a special place in Travancore history. Legend has it that the then Crown Prince Marthanda Marthanda Varma was redirected by Anandapadmanabhan Thambi dressed up as mad chaannaan ( every one believed that he was dead; as spread by enemies) to a Jackfruit tree near the temple while he was being chased by his enemies. The prince hid within the tree cavity and escaped almost certain death. He was convinced the chaannan was none other than Lord Sri Krishna himself. Gratefully, he named the tree as Ammachi Plavu (Mother Tree) and placed it under royal protection.

Aruvippuram (7 km from Neyyattinkara town), the holy land of Sree Narayana Guru is an important pilgrim centre.

Amaravila CSI church founded in 1810 and known in those days as Emily Chapel, an oldest Church of Anglican Communion, is one of the main attractions of Neyyatiinkara Town.[4][5] On 14 June 1996 Pope John Paul II by the Bull "Ad Aptius Provehendum" erected the

Unfinished Cave Temple in Vizhinjam [South-West side of NTA Town, constructed by the rulers of the Ay kingdom (857-885 AD)
Amaravila CSI Church illuminated

Kamukincode Valiyapalli St. Mary's Church (founded in 1847), Neyyattinkara Town]] Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara bifurcated from the Diocese of Trivandrum and by the announcement of Archbishop Soosa Pakiam and ordination by Cardinal Joseph Tomko on 1 November 1996, appointed Rt. Rev. Dr. Vincent Samuel as its first Bishop. Bishop Samuel took Ecclesiastical possession of the diocese on 5 November 1996. Diocese of Neyyattinkara consists of three Taluks viz. Neyyattinkara, Kattakada and Nedumangadu. The Bishop's House is located in Aralummoodu, Neyyattinkara. St. Therese's Convent G.H.S.S. Neyyattinkara is one of the individual management educational institutions that comes under the purview of this diocese. The two Kurisumala (Holy Cross Hills) Pilgrim Centres near Neyyattinkara, viz., Bonacaud Kurishumala (Bonacaud Holy Cross Hills) and Vellarada Kurishumala (Vellarada Holy Cross Hills) also come under the purview of Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara. Our Lady of Assumption Church Vlathankara (swargaropithamatha), St. Antony's Church (Kochupalli), Vellarada Kurishumala and Bonacadu Kurishumala are the four major pilgrim entres of the Diocese of Neyyattinkara.

Demographics [ edit ]

Population of Neyyattinkara Town (Municipal Area) as on 1991-03-01 was 30,419. However, the population rose to 69,467 on 2001-03-01 and rose again to 70,850 on 2011-03-01.,[6] which grades it under Class-II town. Most of the urban population lies within the municipality area which is densely occupied. There is often an inflow of people into the town and nearby areas, for the ease of access to a plethora of institutions, which provide various services. Convent Road is one of the most densely occupied regions in the town, with a number of educational institutions like St. Thereses' Convent, Sree Vidyaadhiraja HSS, and a lot more. Out pockets of the town include Vazhuthoor, Perumpazhuthoor, Amaravila, Aralummood, etc.

Our lady of assumption church vlathankara
Ancient Marian pilgrim centre (16th Cent), at Vlathankara, the small village in the south part of Kerala, dedicated to Our Lady Of Assumption (Swargaropithamatha), belongs to the Latin Diocese of Neyyattinkara.

Notable people [ edit ]

Notable people from Neyyattinkara include: journalist Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai and Renowned Karnatic musicians Professor:Neyyattinkara Mohanachandran and Neyyattinkara Vasudevan. Cricketer Abhishek Nayar's family is from Neyyattinkara. Gandhians and social reformers, G. Ramachandran and P. Gopinathan Nair were also born in Neyyattinkara. V Madhusoodanan Nair, the poet who wrote Naranathu Bhranthan also hails from Neyyattinkara.[7]

Catholic Churches [ edit ]

  1. Our Lady of Assumption church (Swargaropithamatha), Vlathankara
  2. Immaculate conception church Neyyattinkara
  3. St. Joseph's church, Kuzhichani
  4. St. Teresa of Avila, Uchakada
  5. St Elisabeth, Arayoor
  6. St.Francis Xavier Malankara Catholic Church, Chemparathivila

Church of South India (CSI) Churches [ edit ]

1 CSI   Amaravila
2 CSI   Ashapuram
3 CSI   Chaikkottukonam
4 CSI   Ismenipuram
5 CSI   Kudumbode
6 CSI   Kurumbal
7 CSI   Palappally
8 CSI   Pasukottukonam
9 CSI   Planchery
10 CSI   St. Luke Church
1 CSI   Irumbil
2 CSI   Nediyakala
3 CSI   Pottayil
4 CSI   Thavaravila
5 CSI   Thenguvilakkuzhi
1 CSI   Elavanikkara
2 CSI   Kariprakonam
3 CSI   Koovode
4 CSI   Mampazhakkara
5 CSI   Melariyode
6 CSI   Muttacadu  
1 CSI   Arumaloor
2 CSI   Cheenivila
3 CSI   Govindamangalam
4 CSI   Mannadikkonam
5 CSI   Moolakonam
6 CSI   Palkunnu
7 CSI   Perumalloor
8 CSI   Poovanvila
9 CSI   Pullayil
10 CSI   Punnavoor
1 CSI   Aralummoodu
2 CSI   Chittacode
3 CSI   Christupuram
4 CSI   Manaloor
5 CSI   Neyyattinkara Metro
6 CSI   Neyyattinkara
7 CSI   Neyyanttinkara Town
8 CSI   Sharon Muttacaud
1 CSI   Acqudate
2 CSI   Ancode
3 CSI   Aruvikkara
4 CSI   Christhugiri
5 CSI   Chulliyoor
6 CSI   Manaluvila
7 CSI   Mannarakkonam
8 CSI   Marayamuttam
9 CSI   Melkonam
10 CSI   Myladumpara
11 CSI   Perumkadavila
12 CSI   Thottavaram
1 CSI   Ambainthala
2 CSI   Kaippallikkonam
3 CSI   Kunnathukal Town
4 CSI   Manchavilakom
5 CSI   Mannamcode
6 CSI   Poovathoor
7 CSI   Thathiyoor
1 CSI   Chemmannuvila
2 CSI   Kalathuvila
3 CSI   Kunnuvila
4 CSI   Malanchani
5 CSI   Neyyattinkara Central
6 CSI   Perumpazhuthoor
7 CSI   Punnacadu
8 CSI   Thozhukal

Temples [ edit ]

Aruvippuram Siva Temple
  1. Kottiyal Sree Mahadeva Temple, Nearby Ooruttukala
  2. Sreekrishna Swami Temple, Nearby Swadeshabhimani Municipal Park
  3. Mahadeva Temple, Rameswaram
  4. Major Sree Mahadeva Temple, Kootapana
  5. Ammankovil Meletherive Temple, Nearby KSRTC Stand, NTA
  6. Ammankovil Keezhetheruvu Temple, Convent Road, NTA
  7. Veerachakra Mahadeva Temple, Chemparathivila
  8. Mahalekshmi Temple, Maruthathoor
  9. Irumpil Mudippura (in Irumpil)
  10. Thozhukkal Mudippura (in Thozhukkal JN)
  11. Hanuman Temple, TB Junction
  12. Vishnupuram Temple, Vishunupuram (Vishnupuram pooram is very famous)
  13. Ooruttukala Sree Bhadhrakali Mudippura
  14. Aruvipuram Siva Temple (first temple for all-irrespective of caste or religion and first SNDP Meeting held here)
  15. Ilankam Devi Temple, Vazhuthur
  16. Major Arangal Sree Mahadeva Temple, Venpakal (Dhanu Thiruvathira Festival is very Famous)
  17. Vellamkulathala Sree Bhagavathi Temple, Venpakal
  18. Shree Keezhthalakuzhi kaavil Bhagavathi Temple, Kavalakulam(One of the ancient temples and the annual festival will be held from April 1 to 3 every year)
  19. Shree Vanadurga Devi Temple, Perumpazhuthoor Neyyattinkara
  20. Pottayil Sree Devi Temple, Venpakal (Badrakali Temple, known as Pottayil Mudippura; Chothi Thookam/ Paranettu Festival is famous)
  21. Iruvaikonam Sree Bhagavathy Temple (Iruvaikonam Mudippura)
  22. Athazhamangalam Sree Durga Devi Temple
  23. Kumili Sree Krishna Swami Temple
  24. Keeranthoor Elankam Sree Chamundeswari Devi Temple
  25. Thathamala Sree Sankara-Narayana Temple, Perumkadavila (South India's only temple with Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva in a single idol)
  26. Kollamvilakathu Sree Bala Bhadrakali Temple, Perumkadavila
  27. Kulavunthala Sree Maha Ganapathy Temple, Perumkadavila



Educational institutions [ edit ]

The town has a number of secondary, and higher secondary educational institutions, plus a number of Polytechnics, and Engineering Colleges in the vicinity. The Govt. HSS in the town is one of the oldest schools in the entire state. It was established long before in the 1890s. It has churned out a number of proficient people, who have excelled in every field.

List of colleges [ edit ]

  1. NIMS Dental College,[8] Aralumoodu, Neyyattinkara
  2. Technology Management Corridor (TMC), Near Sub-jail, Chemparathivila, NTA [Institute of Human Resource Development (IHRD), Government of Kerala]
  3. College of Applied Science, Dhanuvachapuram (5 km from Town) (Institute of Human Resource Development (IHRD), Government of Kerala)
  4. Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences,[9] Marayamuttom
  5. VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram[10] (5 km from Town)
  6. K N M Government Arts & Science College, Kanjiramkulam[11] (9 km from Town)
  7. Government Arts & Science College, Kulathoor
  8. University Institute of Technology, Neyyattinkara Centre[12] (2 km from Town)
  9. Government Polytechnic College, Perumpazhuthoor[13] (3 km from Town)
  10. Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam[14] (6 km from Town)
  11. CSI College of Education, Parasala
  12. PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode[15]
  13. Sree Krishna College of Pharmacy & Research Centre, Parassala
  14. Emmanuel College of Arts and Science Vazhichal
  15. White Memorial College of Arts and Science for Women,Panachammoodu,Vellarada.
  16. santhom malankara arts and science college.

Politics [ edit ]

Neyyattinkara taluk is part of Trivandrum (Lok Sabha constituency) except kattakada assembly constituency which is part of Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency).[16]

Neyyattinkara taluk includes 4 assembly constituencies (Kattakkada, Neyyattinkara, Parassala, Kovalam) in the Kerala Legislative Assembly. In early 2012, Neyyattinkara constituency attracted statewide attention, as it witnessed a much fiercely contested by-elections that Kerala Politics have ever seen caused by the resignation of the incumbent MLA R. Selvaraj of the CPI(M) party. The tri-cornered contest was between O. Rajagopal of BJP, F. Lawrence of CPI(M) and Selvaraj (Now, of INC), with Selvaraj emerging as the winner finally. He was defeated in 2016, losing to the CPI(M) candidate by more than 9000 votes!

Current MP: Dr. Shashi Tharoor (Indian National Congress party, re-elected as MP on 20 April 2014)

Neyyattinkara MLA: K. Ansalan, (CPI(M) party) won the 2016 Election by a margin of 9543 votes.

Kattakkada MLA: I.B. Satheesh, (CPI(M) party) won the 2016 Election by a margin of 849 votes.

Parassala MLA: C.K. Harindran, (CPI(M) party) won the 2016 election by a margin of 18566 votes.

Kovalam MLA: M Vincent, (Indian National Congress party) won the 2016 Election by a margin of 2615 votes.

Neyyattinkara Municipality led by LDF, WR Heeba CPI(M) elected as chairperson and KK Shibu CPI(M) Vice chairman.[17]

Industry [ edit ]

The major factory in the town is the Kerala Automobiles Limited (KAL) at Aralummoodu. It builds three wheelers, especially suited for cargo transport. It is a much sought after brand in the developing ASEAN nations for good quality three-wheelers.[18]

Neyyattinkara and the neighbouring areas has many cottage industries and handloom. The Balaramapuram Handloom Industry is known worldwide for its fine hosiery. There is a major handloom cloth manufacturing unit at Manchavilakam near Neyyattinkara.

Transport [ edit ]

Bus Stand (KSRTC), Neyyattinkara

The town of Neyyattinkara is well connected to the capital city of Thiruvananthapuram, 20 km away, through regular bus services operated by Kerala State Road Transport Corporation. Neyyattinkara KSRTC Bus Depot is the largest in the taluk and operates a wide array of services. These also include long-distance services to Guruvayoor, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Chakkulath Kaavu, Kollam, Ernakulam, Kanniyakumari, etc. A/C Low Floor buses frequently ply along the Neyyattinkara-East Fort-Medical College-Kazhakkuttam route. There are 24 hour bus service between Trivandrum to Nagarcoil via Neyyattinkara town and Nagarcoil to Trivandrum via Neyyattinkara town. Neyyattinkara Railway Station is located on the Mangalore- Trivandrum - Kanyakumari Railway line. Neyyattinkara railway station code is 'NYY'. Except Super Fast & weekly Trains, all other daily express trains and passenger trains through this route stops here. Thus the town is connected by major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Mangalore, Pune, etc.

The Trivandrum Central railway station is about (20 km) from the town. Express trains will take 15 minutes to reach Trivandrum city from Neyyattinkara town, however, passenger / Shuttle trains will take 30 minutes (since these trains have stops at Balaramapuram and Nemom in between Neyyattinkara Town and Trivandrum City). The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport, which is 23Kms far from the town.

Climate [ edit ]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies it climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Neyyattinkara has heavy rains during June–August due to the southwest monsoon. Winter starts from December and continues till February. In summer, the temperature rises to a maximum of 32 °C (90 °F) and 31 °C (88 °F) in the winters. Record high temperature in neighbouring Thiruvananthapuram is 39 °C (102 °F). Annual average rainfall is 3,100 mm (120 in).[19]

Climate data for Neyyattinkara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9













Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1













Average low °C (°F) 22.4













Average precipitation mm (inches) 19













Average rainy days 1 2 3 8 10 19 17 14 11 12 8 3 108
Mean daily sunshine hours 9 9 8 8 7 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7
Source #1:[20]
Source #2: Weatherbase Trivandrum, India[21] for sunshine and rainy days

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ The Times of India (2019). "Samithi to Protest Demanding Separate District". The Times of India.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Neyyattinkara
  4. ^ CSI Amaravila (2014). "Our Missionaries". APR Website. C S I Amaravila. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  5. ^ LCD (2014). "Latin Catholic Diocese of Neyyattinkara". APR Website. Latin Catholic Diocise, Neyyattinkara. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  6. ^ City Population Department (2014). "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram)". APR Website. City Population Department. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  7. ^ The Hindu (2012). "Documenting the history of Neyyattinkara". APR Website. The Hindu National Daily. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  8. ^ NIMS Hospital (2014). "WELCOME TO NIMS HOSPITAL". APR Website. NIMS Hospital. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  9. ^ Ezhuthachan College (2014). "Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences". APR Website. Ezhuthachan College. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  10. ^ VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram (2014). "Home". APR Website. VTM NSS college, Dhanuvachapuram. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  11. ^ Kerala University (2014). "Kunjukrishnan Nadar Memorial Govt. Arts & Science College, Kanjiramkulam". APR Website. Kerala University. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  12. ^ UIT, NTA (2014). "University Institute of Technology Neyyatinkara Centre". APR Website. UIT, NTA. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  13. ^ htc campus (2014). [http:// "Government Polytechnic College, Perumpazhuthoor"] Check |url= value (help). APR Website. htc campus. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  14. ^ Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam (2014). "Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam". APR Website. Regional Institute of Aviation, Pravachambalam. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  15. ^ PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode (2014). "PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode". APR Website. PRS College of Engineering and Technology, Paliyode. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  16. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies"(PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original(PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  17. ^ "കൌണ്‍സില്‍ | Neyyatinkara Municipality".
  18. ^ Kerala Automobiles Ltd
  19. ^ "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram) Climate". Weatherbase. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Climate: Neyyattinkara - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  21. ^ "Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
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