Wikipedia

Oklahoma Department of Corrections

Oklahoma Department of Corrections
Oklahoma DOC.jpg
Agency overview
Formed May 8, 1967
Preceding agency
Headquarters 3400 Martin Luther King Avenue

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Employees 4,341 classified

367 unclassified
Annual budget $ 1.5 billion
Ministers responsible
Agency executives
  • Scott Crow, Interim Director
  • Justin Farris, Chief of Operations
  • Greg Williams, Deputy Chief of Operations
Parent agency Oklahoma State Board of Corrections
Website Oklahoma Department of Corrections

The Oklahoma Department of Corrections (DOC or ODOC) is an agency of the state of Oklahoma. DOC is responsible for the administration of the state prison system. It has its headquarters in Oklahoma City,[2] across the street from the headquarters of the Oklahoma Department of Public Safety. The Board of Corrections are appointees: five members are appointed by the Governor; two members are appointed by the President Pro Tempore of the Senate; and two members are appointed by the Speaker of the house of Representatives. The Board is responsible for setting the policies of the Department, approving the annual budget request, and working with the Director of Corrections on material matters of the agency. Steven Harpe is the current Chairman of the Board. The director, who serves at the pleasure of the Governor, is the chief executive of the Department. The current Interim Director of Corrections is Scott Crow who was appointed after Director Joe Albaugh resigned his post on June 13, 2019.[3]

History [ edit ]

Prior to 1908, Oklahoma sent prisoners to the Kansas Penitentiary in Lansing, Kansas. After a disputed report on the conditions in the Kansas Penitentiary, Oklahoma opened an institution in the former federal jail in McAlester.[4]

On January 10, 1967, Oklahoma created a new state Corrections Department, consisting of a State Board of Corrections, State Director of Corrections, and three divisions: a Division of Institutions, a Division of Probation and Parole, and a Division of Inspection.[4]

In 1973, a three-day riot resulted in the destruction of most of the McAlester facility and the death of three inmates.[5]

In 1976, the first training academy was established in Oklahoma City.[4]

On 29 August 1983, the Dick Conner Correctional Center was hit by a riot that resulted in an inmate death.[6] In 17 December 1985 another riot occurred, this time at the McAlester prison. Five members of staff were taken hostage and three were seriously injured.[7]

On 4 November 2019, the state released more than four hundred inmates who had been convicted of nonviolent crimes. The commutations were expected to save the state over twelve million dollars.[8]

Facilities [ edit ]

As of 2010, the Department of Corrections is responsible for the management, maintenance and security of 39 correctional institutes across the state.[citation needed] Of these facilities, only eight were built originally to serve as prisons.[9]

State prisons [ edit ]

Private prisons [ edit ]

  • Cimarron Correctional Facility operated by CoreCivic
  • Caver Transitional Center operated by CoreCivic
  • Davis Correctional Center operated by CoreCivic
  • Diamondback Correctional Facility owned by CoreCivic (closed)
  • Lawton Correctional Facility operated by GEO Group
  • North Fork Correctional Facility owned by CoreCivic, leased to the State of Oklahoma
  • Oklahoma City Transitional Center operated by CoreCivic
  • Tulsa Transitional Center operated by CoreCivic
  • Tulsa Women's Residential Program operated by CoreCivic
  • Turley Residential Center operated by CoreCivic (closing April 26, 2019)

Organization [ edit ]

Leadership [ edit ]

The Department of Corrections is under the supervision of the Oklahoma Department of Public Safety.. Under current Governor of Oklahoma Kevin Stitt, Chip Keating is serving as the Secretary. The interim-Director of the agency is Scott Crow [10] and was appointed on June 13, 2019 after the resignation of Joe Albaugh.

The Department of Corrections is governed by the Board of Corrections.[11] Chairman Steven Harpe leads the board made up of 9 appointees:

Steven Harpe Chair
T. Hastings Siegfried Vice Chair
Michael Roach Secretary
Betty Gesell Member
Lynn Haueter Member
Kathryn LaFortune Member
Daryl Woodard Member
Joseph Griffin Member
Rod Thornton Member

Internal structure [ edit ]

The internal structure of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections is as follows:[12]

  • Cabinet Secretary of Safety and Security
  • Board of Corrections
    • Director
      • Associate director - Field Operations
        • Division manager - Field Support
        • Division manager - West Institutions
        • Division manager - East Institutions
        • Division manager - Community Corrections
      • Associate director - Administrative Operations
        • Division manager - Health Services
        • Chief administrator - Business Services
        • Chief administrator - Analytics and Systems Quality Services
        • Chief administrator - Employee Services
        • Chief administrator - Program Services
        • Administrator - General Services
        • Administrator - Community Sentencing
      • General counsel
      • Inspector general
      • Director - Internal/External Communications

Divisions [ edit ]

The Department of Corrections is governed by the seven-member Board of Corrections, who appoints the Director of Corrections. As the head of the Department of Corrections, the director supervises, directs, and controls the department. The director is assisted in managing the department by an associate director, six deputy directors and a general counsel (with the rank of deputy director).

  • Administrative Services Division - responsible for all financial, budgeting, personnel, purchasing, information technology and administrative management needs of the Department
  • Internal Affairs Division - responsible for conducting and monitoring all international criminal investigations of inmates and Department employees, including fugitive apprehension
  • Employee Development and Offender Services Division - responsible for offender programs, offender medical services, offender mental health, offender education, and Departmental staff training
  • Community Corrections Division - responsible for the operation of five male community corrections centers, fifteen offender work centers, and statewide probation and parole operations
  • Community Sentencing and Offender Information Services Division - responsible for the Community Service Sentencing Program, thirty-six statewide planning councils, and Departmental grant administration
  • Field Operations Division
    • Division II (Minimum Facilities) and Division III (Medium and Maximum Facilities) are responsible for fifteen prisons across the state which house male prisoners, manages all contracts for private prisons and county jails, and supervises all prison industries programs
    • Division I (Female Operations) is responsible for two prisons across the state which house female prisoners and two female community correction centers

Rank structure [ edit ]

Title insignia Description
Director of the Department No insignia Appointed by the Board of Corrections to serve as the overall head of the department
Associate director

Field Operations
No insignia Appointed by the Director to oversee all correctional services in the department and second-in-command for the department
Division manager

Institutions Division
No insignia Oversees all correctional institutions or community placement centers in their division.
Warden No insignia Responsible for all operations of an institution
Deputy Warden No insignia Second-in-command of an institution
Chief of Security III Responsible for overseeing all security operations of a medium or maximum security institution
Chief of Security II Responsible for overseeing all security operations of a minimum-security institution
Chief of Security I Responsible for overseeing all security operations of a community or work center.
Captain Responsible for overseeing all operations of an assigned shift within a medium or maximum security facility.
Lieutenant First managerial rank, responsible for overseeing all operations on an assigned shift within a community corrections, work center or minimum security facility or supervising specialized unit in a medium or maximum security facility
Sergeant First supervisory rank, responsible for serving as a team leader or a lead officer or independently performing a specialized function requiring a high degree of judgment
Corporal Responsible for assisting lower-ranked Officer in the performance of their duties
Officer CSO II attained upon successful completion of the training academy, responsible for security and custody of inmates
Cadet A CSO I is a new recruit, and is the rank held by all personnel while assigned as a student at the training academy.

Personnel [ edit ]

Staffing [ edit ]

The Department of Corrections, with an annual budget of over $500 million, is one of the largest employers of the State. For fiscal year 2012, the Department was authorized 4,113 employees.[13]

Division Number of Employees
Detention Facilities 2454
Probation and Parole Services 343
Community Corrections 279
Prison Industries 114
Offender Programs 180
Community Sentencing Services 21
Contracting Services 12
Central Office Administration 207
Divisional Office Administration 65
Health Service 301
Total 3,976

Requirements [ edit ]

As provided by Oklahoma state law, in order to be employed as a correctional officer for the Department of Corrections, an individual must meet the following requirements:[14]

  • At least 20 years old
  • Be a person of "good moral character"
  • Completion of a correctional officer training program, as approved by the State Board of Corrections
  • Completion of minimum testing or professional evaluation conducted by the Oklahoma Office of Personnel Management
  • Completion, on an annual basis, of physical testing as required for the position, as approved by the State Board of Corrections

Promotions [ edit ]

All promotions from Corrections Officer into the supervisory ranks are based on tests administered by the Director of the Department, in consultation with the Administrator of the Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services's Human Capital Management Division. These tests determine the physical and mental qualifications and all potential test-takers must satisfactorily complete a course of training in operations and procedures related to the rank desired.

In general, the following minimum requirements are needed to obtain the following ranks:

  • Corporal - eighteen months of experience in correctional or security work
  • Sergeant - two years of experience in correctional or security work
  • Lieutenant - three years of experience in correctional or security work
  • Captain - four years of experience in correctional or security work with one year of supervisory experience
  • Chief of Security -
    • Community Correctional Facility - four years of experience in correctional or security work with one year of supervisory experience or two years of college, two years of correctional experience with one year of supervisory experience
    • Minimum Security Facility - five years of experience in correctional or security work with one year of supervisory experience or two years of college, three years of correctional experience with one year of supervisory experience
    • Medium or Maximum Security Facility - five years of experience in correctional or security work with one year of supervisory experience or two years of college, three years of correctional experience with two years of supervisory experience

Pay structure [ edit ]

The annual salaries of the ODOC correctional officers are set by the classification standards established by the Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services's Human Capital Management Division, the state government's central personnel office. Each classification is assigned by OMES a salary band based upon the uniform Salary Schedule for State Employees.[15] As of 2014, the following classifications for such employees are as follows:

OMES classification ODOC title Salary band Minimum salary Midpoint salary Maximum salary
Correctional Chief of Security III Chief - Medium or Maximum Security N $43,163 $57,550 $71,938
Correctional Chief of Security II Chief - Minimum Security M $38,885 $51,846 $64,808
Correctional Chief of Security I Chief - Community Corrections L $35,032 $46,709 $58,387
Correctional Security Manager II Captain L $35,032 $46,709 $58,387
Correctional Security Manager I Lieutenant K $31,848 $42,464 $53,080
Correctional Security Officer IV Sergeant I $26,502 $35,336 $44,170
Correctional Security Officer III Corporal H $23,931 $31,908 $39,885
Correctional Security Officer II Officer G $21,756 $29,008 $36,260
Correctional Security Officer I Officer Cadet F $19,778 $26,370 $32,963

The executive and administrative staff of the Department are unclassified employees of the State, and as such, their salaries are determined either by the Legislature or by the Director of the Department. As of October, 2010, the following are the annual salaries of the senior staff of the Department:[16]

Title Salary
Director, Department of Corrections $132,309.00
Associate Director, Field Services $116,256.60
Deputy Director, Institutions Division $103,736.76
Deputy Director, Treatment and Rehabilitation Services Division $99,746.88
Deputy Director, Community Corrections Division $99,746.88
Deputy Director, Female Offenders Division $95,000.00
General Counsel, Department of Corrections $93,999.96
Deputy Director, Community Sentencing Services Division $91,350.00
Deputy Director, Administrative Services Division $66,045.00

Prohibitions [ edit ]

Oklahoma state and United States federal law both place limitations on who can be employed as a correctional officer with the Department. They include any of the following:[17]

  • No person who is a registered sex offender
  • No person who has been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, unless they have received a full pardon for such crime
  • No person who has been convicted of any form of felony, unless they have received a full pardon for such felony
  • No person who has been convicted of any form of domestic violence, unless they have received a full pardon for such crime
  • No person who has been dishonorably discharged from any branch of the Armed Forces of the United States

Budget [ edit ]

The Department of Corrections has annual budget of a little under $500 million.[9] That budget is derived primarily from yearly appropriations, Departmental fees and funds generated by the Prison Industries activities.[13] For Fiscal Year 2014, 88% of the Department's budget comes from yearly appropriations, 6% from the Prison Industries Fund, 4% from the Department's Revolving Fund, and 3% from all other sources.

In late 2017, the department requested more than 1.5 billion dollars, triple its usual budget to make long-delayed improvements.[9]

Death row [ edit ]

The execution chamber is located at the Oklahoma State Penitentiary.[18]

Fallen officers [ edit ]

Since the establishment of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections, 17 officers have died in the line of duty.[19]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Oklahoma Department of Corrections - Board of Corrections". Archived from the original on 2017-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-15.
  2. ^ "Oklahoma Department of Corrections Director's Office". Archived from the original on 2017-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-15.
  3. ^ World, Barbara Hoberock Tulsa. "Department of Corrections Director Joe Allbaugh abruptly resigns". Tulsa World. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  4. ^ a b c "The 20th Century History"(PDF). Oklahoma Department of Corrections. 2002-12-13. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  5. ^ Botkin, Ben (26 December 2017). "Oklahoma Watch: Weighing the odds of a federal takeover of state prisons". Tulsa World.
  6. ^ On the Other Side of the Bars: Lessons Learned As a Prison Warden/Administrator, by Dan M. Reynolds, pages 43-45
  7. ^ "Chapter VI: Disturbances"(PDF). The 20th Century History. Oklahoma Department of Corrections. 2002-12-13. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  8. ^ "More than 400 Oklahoma inmates to be released from prison Monday". KOCO. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b c The Oklahoman Editorial Board • (3 December 2017). "Oklahoma corrections budget request sends clear message". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  10. ^ Office, Submitted by ODOC and Governor Stitt's. "Governor appoints ODOC interim director". McAlester News-Capital. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  11. ^ "Board Members". Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  12. ^ Official Organization Chart - Oklahoma Department of Corrections, Oklahoma Department of Corrections, issued 2013-03-01, retrieved 2013-08-12
  13. ^ a b FY 2014 State Budget, Oklahoma Office of State Finance
  14. ^ Section 510, Title 57, Oklahoma Statutes
  15. ^ Salary Schedule for State Employees, Oklahoma Office of Personnel Management
  16. ^ Oklahoma OpenBooks, Oklahoma Office of State Finance
  17. ^ Correctional Security Office Job Family, Oklahoma Office of Personnel Management
  18. ^ "Death Row Archived 2009-04-29 at the Wayback Machine." Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 2, 2010.
  19. ^ "Oklahoma Department of Corrections, Oklahoma, Fallen Officers". Officer Down Memorial Page. 29 April 2017. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.

External links [ edit ]

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