The building was the headquarter of the colonial District Office of the whole New Territories . Since the 1920s it only administrative the northern part of the New Territories , as the District Office South was established.
The Old District Office North was built around 1907 and was the earliest seat of the colonial civil administration of the New Territories. Administration and land registration of the northern part of the New Territories were carried out in this building. The building still housed a magistrate's court until 1961.