Onias I

Onias I (Hebrew: חוניו ; Honiyya or Honio ben Jaddua) was the son of the Jaddua mentioned in Nehemiah.[1] According to Josephus, this Jaddua is said to have been a contemporary of Alexander the Great (reigned 336-323 BCE).[2] I Maccabees regards Onias as a contemporary of the Spartan king Areus I (309-265 BCE).[3] "Josephus is ... mistaken in placing it in the time of Onias III instead of Onias I, who was high priest c. 300 B.C. (cf. Ant. xi. 347)."[4]

Simon the Just extolled in the Wisdom of Sirach[5] (according to the Hebrew text the son of Jonathan, but according to the Greek text the son of Onias) and in legend was probably the son of Onias I or, according to some, of the latter's grandson Onias II.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Nehemiah xii. 11
  2. ^ Jewish Antiquities xi. 8, § 7
  3. ^ I Macc. xii. 7, 8, 20
  4. ^ Antiquities of the Jews xii. 225, Loeb note (e)
  5. ^ Sirach Chapter 50

Resources [ edit ]

  • H. P. Chajes, Beiträge zur Nordsemitischen Onomatologie, p. 23, Vienna, 1900 (on the name);
  • Herzfeld, Gesch. des Volkes Jisrael, i. 185-189, 201-206;
  • Heinrich Grätz, Gesch. 2d ed., ii. 236;
  • Emil Schürer, Gesch. 3d ed., i. 182, 194-196; iii. 97-100;
  • Niese, in Hermes, xxxv. 509;
  • Wellhausen, I. J. G. 4th ed., p. 248, Berlin, 1901;
  • Willrich, Juden und Griechen vor der Makkabäischen Erhebung, pp. 77, 109, Göttingen, 1895;
  • Adolf Büchler, Die Tobiaden und die Oniaden, pp. 166, 240, 275, 353, Vienna, 1899;
  • J. P. Mahaffy, The Empire of the Ptolemies, pp. 217, 353, London, 1895;
  • Gelzer, Sextus Julius Africanus, ii. 170-176, Leipsic, 1885;
  • Isaac Hirsch Weiss, Dor, i. 130 (on the halakic view of the temple of Onias).
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRichard James Horatio Gottheil; Samuel Krauss (1901–1906). "Onias". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.
Jewish titles
Preceded by

High Priest of Israel

Late 4th or early 3rd century BC
Succeeded by

Simon I
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