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Paulista Republican Party

Paulista Republican Party


Partido Republicano Paulista
Historical leader Prudente de Morais,

Campos Sales,

Rodrigues Alves,

Washington Luís,

Júlio Prestes
Founded April 18, 1873 (1873-04-18)
Dissolved December 2, 1937 (1937-12-02)
Headquarters São Paulo
Newspaper Correio Paulistano
Ideology Republicanism

Federalism

Regionalism

Agrarianism

Coffee with Milk Politics

Liberalism

Conservatism
Political position Centre-right

The Paulista Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Paulista[1], PRP) was a Brazilian political party founded on April 18, 1873 during the Itu Convention and sparked the first modern republican movement in Brazil.

History [ edit ]

Initially a band of revolutionaries supported by a local newspaper, the PRP was created by liberal professionals, (lawyers, doctors, engineers etc.) and, more importantly by important rural landowners from São Paulo. The primary objective of the party was to implement a republican federation in Brazil, with a weak central government, giving a degree of autonomy to the states, which did not exist during the Imperial era.

The proclamation of the Brazilian Republic on November 15, 1889, initiated a new order of political power in Brazil, which was to be called República Velha, and the country was to be governed by presidents strongly influenced by powerful landowners. The presidents were always candidates of the PRP or of the PRM (Partido Republicano Mineiro from the state of Minas Gerais). Both these parties being supported by powerful landowners.

This policy was to be nicknamed "coffe with milk politics" (política do café com leite) alluding to the fact that São Paulo state made its wealth on the exportation of coffee, and Minas Gerais was famous for producing milk.

With the new republican regime, the PRP is no longer a band of revolutionaries, as it was during the Empire, but an institution dedicated to a form of bureaucracy that would dictate government policy until 1930, when Getúlio Vargas assumed control and abolished the PRP and the PRM.

Electoral results [ edit ]

Presidential elections [ edit ]

Election Candidate Running mate Colligation First round Second round Result Sources
Votes % Votes %
1891 Prudente de Morais (PRP) None None 97 41.45% (#2) - - Lost Red X N [2]
None Floriano Peixoto (Independent) None 153 65.38% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
None Prudente de Morais (PRP) None 12 5.13% (#3) - - Lost Red X N
1894 Prudente de Morais (PR Federal) None PR Federal; PRP 290,883 88.38% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [3]
None Manuel Vitorino Pereira (PR Federal) PR Federal; PRP 266,060 78.36% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1898 Campos Sales (PRP) None PRP; PRM 420,286 91.52% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [4]
None Rosa e Silva (PR Federal) PR Federal; PRP; PRM 412,074 89.45% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1902 Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None PRP; PRM 592,038 93.30% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [5]
None Silviano Brandão (PRM) PRM; PRP 563,734 87.83% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
None Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None 4 0.0006% - - Lost Red X N
1906 Afonso Pena (PRM) None PRM; PRP 288,285 97.92% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [6]
Campos Sales (PRP) None None 95 0.032% (#3) - - Lost Red X N
None Nilo Peçanha (PRF) PRF; PRM; PRP 272,529 92.96% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1910 Ruy Barbosa (PRP) None None 222,822 31.51% (#2) - - Lost Red X N [7]
None Manuel Joaquim de Albuquerque Lins (PRP) None 219,106 35.00% (#2) - - Lost Red X N
1914 Venceslau Brás (PRM) None PRM; PRP; PPR; PRF 532,107 91.58% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [8]
None Urbano Santos (PRM) PRM; PRP; PPR; PRF 556,127 96.21% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1918 Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None PRP; PRM 386,467 99.03% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [9]
None Delfim Moreira (PRM) PRM; PRP 382,491 99.42% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1919 Epitácio Pessoa (PRM) None PRM; PRP 286,373 70.96% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [10]
Ruy Barbosa (PRP) None None 116,414 28,85% (#2) - - Lost Red X N
1922 Artur Bernardes (PRM) None PRM; PRP 466,972 59.46% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [11]
Washington Luís (PRP) None None 149 0.01% (#4) - - Lost Red X N
None Urbano Santos (PRM) PRM; PRP 447,595 56.85% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
None Washington Luís (PRP) None 368 0.03% (#3) - - Lost Red X N
1926 Washington Luís (PRP) None PRP; PRM 688,528 99.70% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [12]
None Fernando de Melo Viana (PRM) PRM; PRP 685,754 99.62% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
None Washington Luís (PRP) None 208 0.030% (#5) - - Lost Red X N
1930 Júlio Prestes (PRP) None PRP; PRB 1,091,709 59.39% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y [13]
None Vital Soares (PRB) PRB; PRP 1,079,360 59.67% (#1) - - Elected Green tick Y
1934 None None None - - - - - [14]

Main representatives [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ pt:Partido Republicano Paulista
  2. ^ Brasil, CPDOC-Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação História Contemporânea do. "PARTIDO REPUBLICANO PAULISTA (PRP)". CPDOC - Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  3. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  4. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  5. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  6. ^ "1945". web.archive.org. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  7. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  8. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  9. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  10. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  11. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  12. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  13. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  14. ^ "Governo Constitucional de Getúlio Vargas (1934-1937) - História". InfoEscola (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-07-23.



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