The Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament and Our Lady[1] (also known as the Sacramentines)[2] is an enclosed religious order and a reform of the Dominican Order devoted to the perpetual adoration of the Blessed Sacrament. The congregation was founded in Marseille in 1659 by a Dominican priest, Father Anthony Le Quieu.[3]

Foundation [ edit ]

Anthony Le Quieu (1601–1676) was born at Paris. He entered the Order of Friars Preachers in the Rue St. Honoré, in 1622, and was in due time made master of novices first in his own monastery, at Avignon in 1634, and later prior of the convent at Paris. In 1639, Père Antoine established a religious house for women, exclusively devoted to the practice of Perpetual Adoration at Marseille.[4]

Sister Anne Negrel was named the first Superior. The definitive establishment took place in 1659-60, when Etienne de Puget, Bishop of Marseille, erected them into a congregation. The final formalities for the approval of the order having been concluded in Rome (1680), Pope Innocent XI expedited a papal brief, which could not be put in execution because of a change of bishop.[5]

It was not till after the death of the founder, that the constitutions were approved by Pope Innocent XII in 1693, who authorized the nuns to take solemn vows and bound them to enclosure,[5] That same year the Apostolic Process was opened for the canonization of its founder.

Another foundation was made at Bollène in 1725. [6]

French Revolution period [ edit ]

During the period of the Terrors of the French Revolution, the monastery at Bollène, then under the leadership of Mother de La Fare, the Couvent du Saint-Sacrement saw 13 of its members executed by guillotine.[7] from 5 to 26 July 1794.

  • Blessed Anne-Andrée Minutte[8][9]
  • Blessed Élisabeth Verchière
  • Blessed Madeleine-Thérèse Talieu
  • Blessed Marguerite-Rose de Gordon
  • Blessed Marguerite-Thérèse Charensol
  • Blessed Marie Cluse
  • Blessed Marie-Anne Béguin-Royal
  • Blessed Marie-Clotilde Blanc
  • Blessed Marie-Elisabeth Pélissier
  • Blessed Marie-Gabrielle-Françoise-Suzanne de Gaillard de Lavaldène
  • Blessed Marie-Marguerite Bonnet[10]
  • Blessed Rosalie-Clotilde Bes
  • Blessed Thérèse-Henriette Faurie

They were beatified May 10, 1925 by Pope Pius XI.

Mother de La Fare, having escaped the guillotine, gathered together the remnant of her community in 1802 and resumed their work of perpetual. A foundation was made at Avignon in 1807. The same year a Sacramentine of Marseille founded a monastery at Aix-en-Provence.

Nineteenth century [ edit ]

In 1816 the monastery in Marseille was reopened, and Mother de La Fare made a new foundation at Carpentras. In 1859 six religious sisters of Aix founded a house at Bernay, Normandy, and in 1863 Sisters from Bollène founded a Monastery of Perpetual Adoration at Taunton, England. Oxford also had a foundation.

All the houses of this Order are autonomous and dependent on the Ordinary of the diocese, who is their superior. In consequence of the legal position of religious congregations in France, the Sacramentines of Marseille were obliged to abandon their monastery. The four other houses in southern France were authorized by the Government.

Twentieth century [ edit ]

The Sacramentines of Bernay at the time of the expulsion, July, 1903, were compelled to close their boarding-school and go into exile. Thirteen of the sisters retired to Belgium, and founded a house at Hal. The rest of their community settled in Wales at Whitson Court, Newport, Monmouthshire; they had left by the 1930s.[11]

In March 1911, the Sacramentines were permitted by Archbishop Farley to open a monastery in Holy Trinity Parish in Yonkers, New York. They purchased the Ethan Flagg House in 1915 and added a monastery and school for girls in 1922. They closed the school in the 1980s and relocated to Warwick, New York in 1991.[12] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1998.[13] In 1996, the Sacramentine nuns established Blessed Sacrament Monastery in Edgemont, New York. The building was originally a single-family home which they purchased from the Paulist Fathers; as of 2018, it housed four nuns.[14]

Present Day [ edit ]

There are six nuns at the Monastery of the Blessed Sacrament in Halle in Flemish Brabant. There are also a number of monasteries in France.[15] In the United States Blessed Sacrament Monastery is in the Edgemont section of Scarsdale, New York; Sacramentine Monastery is in Conway, Michigan.[16] In addition to their work of prayer, some nuns support the community by making communion hosts or altar linens. The nuns welcome the public to join them at Mass and host private retreats for individuals.

In 1941, the Sacramentines who were re-established in Marseille joined part of the Assumptionist Congregations, the Orantes of the Assumption.[17]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Lafort, Remigus. "Sacramentines", The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X, Vol. 2 (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914), p.435 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "Blessed Sacrament Monastery", Sacramentine nuns, Scarsdale
  3. ^ "Sacramentines", Service des Moniales
  4. ^ Nathan Mitchell, Cult and Controversy: The Worship of the Eucharist Outside Mass (1982), p. 207.
  5. ^ a b Steele, Francesca. "Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 28 August 2019 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ Letellier, Arthur. "Perpetual Adorers of the Blessed Sacrament." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 28 August 2019 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ Leclercq O.S.B., H., Les Martyrs, vol. XII, 1913
  8. ^ "Andrée Minutte", Martyrs de la Revolution Française
  9. ^ Les 32 Bienheureuses Martyres d'OrangeArchived 2008-05-26 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Marie-Marguerite Bonnet", Causes des Saints
  11. ^ Welsh Icons - WhitsonArchived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Peter D. Shaver (June 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Ethan Flagg House-Blessed Sacrament Monastery". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  14. ^ Fitz-Gibbon, Jorge. "Cloistered Greenburgh nuns face $26M legal fight",, February 8, 2019
  15. ^ Monastère du Saint Sacrement, Halle
  16. ^ "Momasteries", Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2008-09-11. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Sources [ edit ]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Perpetual Adorers of the Blessed Sacrament" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:

  • Helyot, Histoire des Ordres, IV, 421 sq.;
  • Heimbucher, Die Orden und Kongregationen, s.v. Sakramentinerinnen.

External links [ edit ]

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