Wikipedia

Pope Caius

Pope Saint


Caius
PCaius.jpg
See Holy See
Papacy began 17 December 283
Papacy ended 22 April 296
Predecessor Eutychian
Successor Marcellinus
Personal details
Birth name Caius or Gaius
Born Unknown

Roman Dalmatia (Modern day Albania)
Died 22 April 296

Rome, Western Roman Empire
Sainthood
Feast day 22 April

Pope Caius (died 22 April 296),[1] also called Gaius, was the Bishop of Rome from 17 December 283 to his death in 296.[2] Christian tradition makes him a native of the Dalmatian city of Salona, today Solin near Split, the son of a man also named Caius, and a member of a noble family related to the Emperor Diocletian.[3]

Little information on Caius is available except that given by the Liber Pontificalis, which relies on a legendary account of the martyrdom of St. Susanna for its information. According to legend, Caius baptized the men and women who had been converted by Saint Tiburtius (who is venerated with St. Susanna) and Saint Castulus.[4] His legend states that Caius took refuge in the catacombs of Rome and died a martyr.[5]

House of Caius [ edit ]

About 280, an early Christian house of worship was established on the site of Santa Susanna, which, like many of the earliest Christian meeting places, was in a house (domus ecclesiae). The domus belonged, according to the sixth-century acta, to brothers named Caius and Gabinus, prominent Christians. Caius may be this Pope, or Caius the Presbyter. Gabinus is the name given to the father of Saint Susanna. Thus, sources state that Caius was the uncle of Saint Susanna.[1]

Papacy [ edit ]

As pope, Caius decreed that before someone could assume the position of bishop, he must first be porter, lector, exorcist, acolyte, subdeacon, deacon, and priest. He also divided the districts of Rome among the deacons.[5][6] During his pontificate, anti-Christian measures increased, although new churches were built and cemeteries were expanded. St Caius may not have been martyred: Diocletian’s persecution of Christians began in 303 AD, after Caius’ alleged death, and Diocletian was not immediately hostile to Christianity upon becoming emperor.[3][5]

Tomb and burial [ edit ]

Depiction of the alleged martyrdom of Pope Caius by Lorenzo Monaco. It was originally part of the altarpiece of the church of San Gaggio in Florence.

Caius is mentioned in the fourth-century Depositio Episcoporum (therefore not as a martyr): X kl maii Caii in Callisti.[2]

Caius' tomb, with the original epitaph, was discovered in the catacomb of Callixtus and in it the ring with which he used to seal his letters (see Arringhi, Roma subterr., 1. iv. c. xlviii. p. 426). In 1631, his alleged residence in Rome was turned into a church. However, it was demolished in 1880 to make room for the Ministry of War, on the Via XX Settembre, and his relics were transferred to the chapel of the Barberini family.[3]

Veneration as a saint [ edit ]

Saint Caius's feast day is celebrated on 22 April, as is that of Saint Soter. They are celebrated jointly in the Tridentine Calendar and in the successive versions of the General Roman Calendar until that of 1969, since when they are omitted. Both are mentioned under 22 April in the Roman Martyrology, the official list of recognized saints. The entry for Saint Caius is as follows: "At Rome, in the cemetery of Callistus on the Via Appia, the burial of Saint Caius, Pope, who, fleeing from the persecution of Diocletian, died as a confessor of the faith."[7]

St Caius is portrayed in art wearing the papal tiara with Saint Nereus. He is venerated in Dalmatia and Venice. In Florence, the church of San Gaggio on the via Senese was dedicated to him; the term Gaggio is a corruption of the name Cajo. In 2003, plans were put into effect to turn it into residential council housing.[8]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b "Our Popes". The Church of Santa Susanna. Archived from the original on 28 July 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b  Chapman, John (1908). "Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 3. New York: Robert Appleton.
  3. ^ a b c San Caio at Santi e Beati (in Italian)
  4. ^ "San Castulo, Mártir | ACI Prensa – Santos". aciprensa.com. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Brusher, Joseph (1959). "St. Caius". Popes Through the Ages. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007 – via Christ's Faithful People. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ Saint of the Day, April 22: CaiusSaintPatrickDC.org. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  7. ^ Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)
  8. ^ Firenze la città nuova – GalleryArchived 24 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine

External links [ edit ]

Titles of the Great Christian Church
Preceded by

Eutychian
Bishop of Rome

Pope


283–296
Succeeded by

Marcellinus
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