Wikipedia

Portal:Eritrea

The Eritrea Portal

Location on the world map

Eritrea (/ˌɛrɪˈtrə, ˌɛrɪˈtrə/ (About this soundlisten)), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around five and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. Tigrinya, Arabic, and English serve as the three working languages. Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinyas make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic groups. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam, with a small minority adhering to traditional faiths.

Eritrea is a totalitarian one-party dictatorship in which national legislative and presidential elections have never been held since independence. According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is among the worst in the world. The Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires long, indefinite conscription periods (6.5 years on average), which some Eritreans leave the country to avoid. Because all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was also ranked as having the third-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index, behind North Korea and Turkmenistan.

Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, and is an observer state in the Arab League alongside Brazil and Venezuela.

Selected article - show another

Meal consisting of injera and several kinds of wat or tsebhi (stew), typical of Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine
Injera (Amharic: ənǧära, እንጀራ, [ɨndʒəra]) is a sour fermented flatbread with a slightly spongy texture, traditionally made out of teff flour in Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine. It is the national dish for both countries, and East African countries. It is central to the dining process in those cultures as bread is the most fundamental component. Read more...

Selected picture - show another

General images - show another

The following are images from various Eritrea-related articles on Wikipedia.

Topics in Eritrea

Selected panorama - show another

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks

Books

Commons

Media

Wikinews 

News

Wikiquote 

Quotations

Wikisource 

Texts

Wikiversity

Learning resources

Wikivoyage 

Travel guides

Wiktionary 

Definitions

Wikidata 

Database

Wikispecies 

Species

Sources

Portals

What is this?