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Portal:Florida

The Florida Portal

Florida (/ˈflɒrɪdə/ (About this soundlisten)) is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive (65,755 sq mi or 170,300 km2), the 3rd-most populous (21,312,211 inhabitants), and the 8th-most densely populated (384.3/sq mi or 148.4/km2) of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, and the 58th most populous . In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was $47,684, ranking 26th in the nation. The unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the state, the 8th highest among all states. The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $345 billion . This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U.S. state of Florida.

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The St. Johns River (Spanish: Río San Juan) is the longest river in the U.S. state of Florida and its most significant one for commercial and recreational use. At 310 miles (500 km) long, it flows north and winds through or borders twelve counties. The drop in elevation from headwaters to mouth is less than 30 feet (9 m); like most Florida waterways, the St. Johns has a very low flow rate 0.3 mph (0.13 m/s) and is often described as "lazy". Numerous lakes are formed by the river or flow into it, but as a river its widest point is nearly 3 miles (5 km) across. The narrowest point is in the headwaters, an unnavigable marsh in Indian River County. The St. Johns drainage basin of 8,840 square miles (22,900 km2) includes some of Florida's major wetlands. It is separated into three major basins and two associated watersheds for Lake George and the Ocklawaha River, all managed by the St. Johns River Water Management District.

A variety of people have lived on or near the St. Johns, including Paleo-indians, Archaic people, Timucua, Mocama, French and Spanish settlers, Seminoles, slaves and freemen, Florida crackers, land developers, tourists and retirees. It has been the subject of William Bartram's journals, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' books, and Harriet Beecher Stowe's letters home. Although Florida was the location of the first permanent European settlement in what would become the United States, it was the last U.S. territory on the east coast to be developed; it remained an undeveloped frontier into the 20th century. When attention was turned to the state, however, much of the land was rapidly overdeveloped in a national zeal for progress. The St. Johns, like many Florida rivers, was altered to make way for agricultural and residential centers. It suffered severe pollution and human interference that has diminished the natural order of life in and around the river. In all, 3.5 million people live within the various watersheds that feed into the St. Johns River. The St. Johns, named one of 14 American Heritage Rivers in 1998, was number 6 on a list of America's Ten Most Endangered Rivers in 2008. Restoration efforts are under way for the basins around the St. Johns as Florida continues to deal with population increases in the river's vicinity. Read more...

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My parents didn't want to move to Florida, but they turned sixty and that's the law

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Guy Bradley, his deputy's badge visible on the left side of his chest

Guy Morrell Bradley (April 25, 1870 – July 8, 1905) was an American game warden and deputy sheriff for Monroe County, Florida. Born in Chicago, Illinois, he relocated to Florida with his family when he was young. As a boy, he often served as guide to visiting fishermen and plume hunters, although he later denounced poaching after legislation was passed to protect the dwindling number of birds. In 1902, Bradley was hired by the American Ornithologists' Union, at the request of the Florida Audubon Society, to become one of the country's first game wardens.

Tasked with protecting the area's wading birds from hunters, he patrolled the area stretching from Florida's west coast, through the Everglades, to Key West, single-handedly enforcing the ban on bird hunting. Bradley was shot and killed in the line of duty, after confronting a man and his two sons who were hunting egrets in the Everglades. His much-publicized death at the age of 35 galvanized conservationists, and served as inspiration for future legislation to protect Florida's bird populations. Several national awards and places have been named in his honor. Read more...

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Current events

October 10, 2019 –
Michael Drejka, a 47-year-old white Florida man who shot and killed Markeis McGlockton, an unarmed 28-year-old African American man, in a parking space dispute, is sentenced to 20 years in prison. Drejka had cited Florida's stand-your-ground law in his defense and was not initially charged until the case was handed over to State Attorney Bernie McCabe, who charged Drejka with one count of manslaughter. (ABC News)
October 4, 2019 –
A woman in Florida is arrested and charged with explosives offences after a police raid on her home finds 24 pipe bombs and bomb-making material and several other weapons. She admits constructing the devices to harm people. Police were notified of the problem by the 27-year-old's parents. (CNN)
August 28, 2019 – Hurricane Dorian
FloridaGovernorRon DeSantis declares a state of emergency in anticipation of Hurricane Dorian, which is expected to make landfall in the state within days. (WOFL) (The New York Times)
August 6, 2019 –
Florida GovernorRon DeSantis orders law enforcement to handle a criminal probe of Jeffrey Epstein's jail release in the late 2000s. (CNBC)
July 11, 2019 – Tropical Storm Barry (2019)
Louisiana GovernorJohn Bel Edwards declares a state of emergency as Tropical Storm Barry makes unprecedented levels of rainfall on Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and the western Florida Panhandle. (CNN) (CNN²)

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1910 Cuba hurricane1928 Okeechobee hurricane2012 Budweiser ShootoutAmerican white ibisAndrew SleddBiscayne National ParkDraining and development of the EvergladesEverglades National ParkFlorida Atlantic UniversityGeography and ecology of the EvergladesGregor MacGregorGuy BradleyHogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort)Hurricane AndrewIndigenous people of the Everglades regionJohn F. BoltMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiRosewood massacreSci-Fi Dine-In Theater RestaurantSt. Johns RiverStephen CraneTurning Point (2008 wrestling)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)Walt Disney World RailroadWilliam Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanesList of Tampa Bay Rays seasonsList of University of Central Florida alumniList of birds of FloridaList of counties in FloridaList of governors of FloridaList of invasive species in the EvergladesList of mammals of FloridaList of municipalities in FloridaList of sister cities in FloridaSnow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane1928 Florida Gators football team1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election1998 Pepsi 4002003 Budweiser Shootout2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament2006 Ford 4002008 TNA World X Cup Tournament2009 Budweiser Shootout2009 Ford 4002010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 3002010 Ford 4002011 Budweiser Shootout2011 Daytona 5002011 Gatorade Duels2012 Daytona 5002012 Gatorade DuelsAgainst All Odds (2005)Albert A. MurphreeAndy HansenApalachee massacreApollo 1Ashlyn HarrisBattle of Flint RiverBob TurleyBomisBound for Glory (2005)Burger KingBurger King franchisesBurger King legal issuesBurger King productsCaroline Street (Key West)Casey Donovan (actor)Catie BallChad MottolaChicago Options AssociatesChuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaignClimate of FloridaClimate of the Tampa Bay areaCobra's CurseColonial PlazaCool Hand LukeCoral Springs, FloridaDanny ValenciaDara Torres

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WGAG-FM(2019-09-29)Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22)History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24)Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27)Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20)Florida shuffle (2019-04-09)Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05)Wayne Messam (2019-03-15)2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05)Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24)Emilio Milián (2019-02-24)Steve Swindal (2019-02-15)2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09)Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02)Reticulated siren (2018-12-24)Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15)Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12)Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09)Mako (SeaWorld Orlando) (2018-10-04)Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03)Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06)Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02)Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10)Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29)1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21)Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02)Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18)Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03)Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19)Marvin Pipkin (2018-01-19)Orchard Pond Parkway (2018-01-15)Loggerhead Key (2017-10-18)Reid Moore Jr. (2017-09-12)John W. Martin (2017-08-22)Disappearance of Tiffany Daniels (2017-08-12)Frank J. Canova (2017-07-20)Tomahawk chop (2017-06-04)The Visionary (2017-05-30)1966 Miami Dolphins season (2017-05-28)Maurice S. Osser (2017-05-15)Monument of States (2017-04-10)Detachment Hotel (2017-03-07)Henry L. Reaves (2017-02-16)2000 Miami Dolphins season (2017-02-15)Walt Disney World Railroad (2017-01-27)Merian C. Cooper (2016-12-08)Stephanie Murphy (2016-12-06)Wink Groover (2016-11-29)Ecology Party of Florida (2016-11-10)1970 United States Senate election in Florida (2016-11-04)

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Credit: Mikereichold

Dunedin/dəˈndɪn/ is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. The name comes from the Scots Gaelic Dùn Èideann meaning Edinburgh. The population was 35,691 at the 2000 census. As of 2004, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 36,632.

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  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba — or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers’ Almanac. March 20, 2015.

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