Wikipedia

Puy-de-Dôme

Puy-de-Dôme


lo Puèi de Doma / lo Puèi Domat  (Occitan)
Prefecture building of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in Clermont-Ferrand
Prefecture building of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in Clermont-Ferrand
Flag of Puy-de-Dôme

Flag
Coat of arms of Puy-de-Dôme

Coat of arms
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Coordinates: 45°42′N3°13′E / 45.700°N 3.217°E / 45.700; 3.217Coordinates: 45°42′N3°13′E / 45.700°N 3.217°E / 45.700; 3.217
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Prefecture Clermont-Ferrand
Subprefectures Ambert

Issoire

Riom

Thiers
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Yves Gouttebel
Area
 • Total 7,970 km2 (3,080 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 650,700
 • Rank 38th
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 63
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 31
Communes 464
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Puy-de-Dôme (French: [pɥi də dom] (About this soundlisten); Auvergnat: lo Puèi de Doma or lo Puèi Domat) is a department in the centre of France named after the famous dormant volcano, the Puy de Dôme. Inhabitants were called Puydedomois until December 2005. With effect from Spring 2006, in response to a letter writing campaign, the name used for the inhabitants was changed by the Puy-de-Dôme General Council to Puydômois, and this is the name that has since then been used in all official documents and publications.

History [ edit ]

Puy-de-Dôme is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Auvergne. Originally, the department was to be called Mont-d'Or ("Golden Mountain"), but this was changed to Puy-de-Dôme following the intervention of Jean-François Gaultier de Biauzat, a local deputy, because of a concern that the name originally chosen risked attracting excessive unwelcome attention from the national taxation authorities.

Geography [ edit ]

Puy-de-Dôme is part of the current region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the departments of Loire, Haute-Loire, Cantal, Corrèze, Allier, and Creuse.

The department is in the Massif Central and boasts more than 80 volcanic craters. It is three hours from Paris and an hour from Lyon by highways A71 and A89. The A75 links it to the Mediterranean Sea.

Its main cities are Clermont-Ferrand, Thiers, Riom, Issoire, Ambert, and Cournon-d'Auvergne. Parts of the department belong to the Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez.

Demographics [ edit ]

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1801 507,128 —    
1806 542,834 +1.37%
1821 553,410 +0.13%
1831 573,106 +0.35%
1841 591,458 +0.32%
1851 596,897 +0.09%
1861 576,409 −0.35%
1872 566,463 −0.16%
1881 566,064 −0.01%
1891 564,266 −0.03%
1901 544,194 −0.36%
1911 525,916 −0.34%
1921 490,560 −0.69%
1931 500,590 +0.20%
1936 486,130 −0.58%
1946 478,903 −0.15%
1954 481,380 +0.06%
1962 508,928 +0.70%
1968 547,743 +1.23%
1975 580,033 +0.82%
1982 594,365 +0.35%
1990 598,213 +0.08%
1999 604,266 +0.11%
2006 623,463 +0.45%
2011 632,311 +0.28%
2016 650,700 +0.57%
source:[1]

Economy [ edit ]

The departmental seat, Clermont-Ferrand, is home to one of the country's best known manufacturing businesses and brands, Michelin. Thiers is the oldest industry place in Auvergne with its cutlery tradition from the 14th century.

The countryside lends itself to tourism and Puy-de-Dôme is a popular weekend destination for city dwellers. The 1999 census found that 11.7% of the usable homes in the department were being kept as second homes.

Politics [ edit ]

The department was the electoral constituency of Valery Giscard d'Estaing, who served as President of the Republic from 1974 to 1981.

Current National Assembly Representatives [ edit ]

Constituency Member[2] Party
Puy-de-Dôme's 1st constituency Valérie Thomas La République En Marche!
Puy-de-Dôme's 2nd constituency Christine Pirès-Beaune Socialist Party
Puy-de-Dôme's 3rd constituency Laurence Vichnievsky MoDem
Puy-de-Dôme's 4th constituency Michel Fanget MoDem
Puy-de-Dôme's 5th constituency André Chassaigne French Communist Party

Tourism [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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