Qichun County

Qichun County


City Hall, Qichun
City Hall, Qichun
Qichun is located in Hubei
Location of the seat in Hubei
Coordinates (Qichun government): 30°13′34″N115°26′13″E / 30.226°N 115.437°E / 30.226; 115.437Coordinates: 30°13′34″N115°26′13″E / 30.226°N 115.437°E / 30.226; 115.437
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Huanggang
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Website 蕲春县人民政府门户网站 (Qichun County People's Government Web Portal) (in Simplified Chinese)

Qichun County (simplified Chinese: 蕲春; traditional Chinese: 蘄春; pinyin: Qíchūn Xiàn)) is a county of eastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Huanggang City. Qichun is the birthplace of famous herbalist Li Shizhen, who was born and lived in Qizhou town, on the southern edge of the county, alongside the Yangtze River. In turn, Qichun is a major center of the herbal industry in China.

Qichun County is known in China as the "County of Scholars" because more professors (400+) and doctors were born there than in any other county of China. The town of Qichun consists of Qichun proper, and Caohe precinct.[citation needed]

History [ edit ]

Inkstone with three legs and a bird cover. Eastern Han Dynasty. Excavated at Ganyuzui tomb, Qichun.

In 224 BC, the Qin forces pursued the retreating Chu forces to Qinan (蕲南; northwest of present-day Qichun in Hubei) and Xiang Yan was either killed in the action or committed suicide following his defeat.

The earliest known founding of Qichun was in 201 BC. Due to its strategic location, in history Qichun was referred to as “The Key Point of Jingchu” (Jingchu is another name of the ancient state of Chu).[citation needed]

Centuries later, in the summer of 223 AD in the Three Kingdoms period, Eastern Wu general He Qi attacked and eliminated an outpost of Wei in the new commandery territory of Qichun, on the southern slopes of the Dabie Shan mountains. But for the next twelve months the northern front remained quiet.[citation needed]

The Grand Administrator of Qichun was Jin Zong, a former officer of Sun Quan who had deserted and joined Cao Wei. It appears he was given the commandery appointment at this time, in the hill country of the Dabie Shan on the border region between Lujiang and Jiangxia, so that he could disturb the communications routes along the Yangtze and across that river to the south.[citation needed]

There is evidence that the Qichun commandery had been established a few years earlier, evidently on the basis of the county of that name in Jiangxia commandery of Later Han, but the territory had been abandoned by Cao Cao at the time of his withdrawal in 213 AD. From this time, after the defeat of Jin Zong's infiltration, the territory was held by Wu. One of the subordinate commanders in He Qi's attack on Qichun was Mi Fang, the erstwhile officer of Guan Yu who had surrendered Jiangling to Lü Meng in 219 AD. Qichun also was evidently a proving ground for renegades.[citation needed]

Geography [ edit ]

The Qichun countryside.

The total geographic area of Qichun County is 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi). Of this, 560 kilometres (350 mi) are arable. Water covers 310 kilometres (190 mi) (there are hundreds of lakes in Qichun County, almost all used for aquaculture). Forested areas cover 1,040 kilometres (650 mi).[citation needed]

(Note: While not stated in government data, unless there is a statistical error, the remaining 490 square kilometres (190 sq mi) must be hills/mountains, in the northern part of the County, or simply unusable land).[citation needed]

Administrative divisions [ edit ]

Qichun County Map (as of 2006), showing precinct names in Pinyin.

Qichun County administers:[1][2][3]

# Name Chinese (S)
1 Caohe 漕河镇
2 Chidong 赤东镇
3 Qizhou Qi Prefecture 蕲州镇
4 Guanyao 管窑镇
5 Hengche 横车镇
6 Pengsi 彭思镇
7 Zhulin 株林镇
8 Liuhe 刘河镇
9 Shizi Lion 狮子镇
10 Qingshi 青石镇
11 Zhangbang 张塝镇
12 Tanlin 檀林镇
13 Datong 大同镇
14 Xiangqiao 向桥乡
Other Areas
15 Balihu 八里湖

Climate [ edit ]

The local climate is classed as "subtropical mainland monsoon," with distinct seasons and abundant rainfall (average 134 centimeters per year). When the Yangtze River floods, Qichun County also experiences some flooding.[citation needed]

Population [ edit ]

Total County population was 949,700 at the last census. Qichun Town's population was 162,000, of whom 71,000 were engaged in agriculture (fisheries, crops, and herbs are the main agricultural sectors) and the remainder non-agriculture (which includes minerals and manufacturing of various kinds). About 40% of all the farmers of Qichun County are engaged in growing herbs.[citation needed]

Local character and folklore [ edit ]

The County has produced hundreds of scholars and doctors and is known as "The County of Scholars." Perhaps not surprisingly, the local character is considered "refined." Hubei people are known as (and refer to themselves as) "9-headed birds." This is meant as a compliment: they are both talkative and clever (9 mouths yacking; 9 brains thinking). Hubei people are said to be "square and sturdy" (that is, healthy, strong, and square-and-sturdy in appearance).[citation needed]

Famous people [ edit ]

In addition to the famous herbalist Li Shizhen, another Qichun scholar from ancient times was Gu Jingxing (1621–1687), a prolific author of hundreds of books, and an Imperial scholar from a long hereditary line of scholars going back several generations of the Gu family.[citation needed]

More-recent famous people from Qichun include:[citation needed]

  • Wu Shu (writer and Communist revolutionary, 1902–1985);
  • Hu Feng (literary theorist, 1902–1985);
  • Huang Kan (Professor, newspaper founder, 1886–1935);
  • Zhan Dabei (KMT leftist, 1887–1927);
  • Tian Tong (1879–1937, author and Minister of Internal Affairs in the revolutionary government of Sun Yatsen);
  • Dong Yuhua (leader of student movement and military commander, 1907–1939);
  • Yuan Shu (government Minister, started Chinese Communist Party intelligence system, 1911–1987);
  • Gao Huiyuan (born 1922) medical scientist and doctor to Premier Zhou Enlai;
  • Yu Xiaozhong (余笑忠) (born 1965) poet.[4][5]

Government [ edit ]

Qichun Town Hall

The town of Qichun is in the Caohe precinct of Qichun County, the towns of Qichun and Caohe essentially having amalgamated geographically. Qichun town is the "county seat", as it were, of Qichun County.[citation needed]

The government buildings for the County and the Town are adjacent to each other, and are just across the street from the relatively new Qichun Hotel (below).[citation needed]

Hotels [ edit ]

Qichun Hotel

There is only one hotel of any significance in Qichun. But it is a new hotel, built around 2001.

Transportation [ edit ]

Qichun Motorbike Taxi

Qichun is reasonably well-served by rail, bus, and road transportation; there is no airport.[citation needed]

The main Beijing to Guangzhou rail line passes through Qichun, and there are local trains, west to the Hubei provincial capital of Wuhan and south-east into Jiangxi province.[citation needed]

There is a local bus service and also frequent express buses into Wuhan via the new inter-provincial expressway running east–west across the province. A journey by express bus to Wuhan takes less than three hours; by car the journey is less than 2.5 hours.[citation needed]

Local roads (including that into town from the expressway) are rough and full of potholes. However, downtown streets are well paved, with good sidewalks. There are few cars thus far in Qichun, but many motorbikes. Taxis are of the 3-wheel motorbike-with-cab type.[citation needed]

Economy [ edit ]

The herbal industry, centered on Qizhou, is the biggest component of the Qichun County economy. Some 200,000 herb farmers live in Qichun County. They produce more than 700 varieties. The local herb wholesale market is the third largest in China, with more than 800 million yuan (US$100 million, as of 2006) of annual trading volume.[citation needed]

Social welfare [ edit ]

Qichun Social Welfare Institute, new building, 2005, with old building (white) behind it on the right.

Qichun County has its own Social Welfare Institute (SWI) to accommodate elderly people, handicapped persons, the homeless, and orphans. The Social Welfare Institute constructed a new building in 2004, designed mainly for the elderly and handicapped children and adults. Children which are abandoned or orphaned, and are awaiting adoption either domestically or internationally, are placed with local foster families. But they visit the SWI weekly for medical checks and group playtime activities. About 400 orphans have been adopted internationally from Qichun County SWI. These children now live with families all over the world: in Canada and the U.S.A., in Australasia, and in most countries of Western Europe.[citation needed]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ 行政区划 (in Chinese). Qichun County People's Government. Retrieved 11 January 2018. 2014年末,全县总人口102.1万,辖15个乡镇办、2个省级园区(开发区)和1个国家级湿地公园。全县有567个村委会(居委会、社区)。漕河镇:赤东镇:蕲州镇:管窑镇:横车镇:彭思镇:株林镇:刘河镇:狮子镇:青石镇:张榜镇 [sic]:檀林镇:大同镇:向桥乡:八里湖:
  2. ^ "黄冈市乡镇(街道)名录" [Huanggang City Township-level Divisions List] (in Chinese). 15 August 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2018. 蕲春县辖13个镇、1个乡:漕河镇、赤东镇、蕲州镇、管窑镇、彭思镇、横车镇、株林镇、刘河镇、狮子镇、青石镇、张塝镇、大同镇、檀林镇、向桥乡。县政府驻漕河镇。
  3. ^ 中国地质邮政编码簿(2015). China Post. 2015. p. 595.
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links [ edit ]

  • "Hubei Sheng: Qichun Xian difang zhibian zuan wei yuan hui bian zuan." ("History of Qichun County in Hubei Province" in Chinese), published at Wuhan, by "Hubei kexue jishu chuban she" in 1997. (ISBN C47267C56)
  • Huanggang Government website (bilingual, Chinese-English)
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