|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||36.8 km2 (14.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
|Traditional Chinese||啟隆 鄉|
|Simplified Chinese||启隆 乡|
|Qidong Stock Farm|
|Traditional Chinese||啟東 縣 農業 良種 繁育 場|
|Simplified Chinese||启东 县 农业 良种 繁育 场|
Qilong is a township of Qidong in Jiangsu, China. The land it occupies was formerly Yonglongsha, a separate island in the Yangtze River delta, but reclamation projects and natural deposition of sediment have joined it to Chongming Island, where it now forms a pene-enclave within Shanghai's Chongming County. Its population was 3436 at the time of the 2010 Chinese census. Qilong's name—literally "opening prosperity"—is a compound of contracted forms of its county and its former island.
History [ edit ]
Yonglongsha, a shoal in the channel of the Yangtze north of Chongming Island, reappeared most recently in 1937. By 1968, workers from Jiangsu had stabilized the land enough that the conflicting claims of the counties of Haimen and Qidong were mediated by their prefecture of Nantong, which divided the island between them. Qidong's area was organized as a farmstead. Continuing reclamation projects and natural deposition of sediment joined it to Chongming Island in 1972. Another area of Qilong derives from its later absorption of Xinglongsha (t 興隆沙, s兴隆沙, p Xīnglóngshā), another shoal.
Prior to Yonglongsha's absorption by Chongming, it offered ferry service to Haimen's Lingdian Harbor (t 靈甸港, s 灵甸港, p Língdiāngǎng) and Qidong's Sanhe Harbor (三和港, Sānhégǎng). Qilong was elevated to a township in 1992 and is now connected to Chongming's road network but this also was only connected to Jiangsu by ferry service prior to the 2011 opening of the Chongqi Bridge between Chenjia and Qidong. In 2008, its urban plan included 6.66 hectares (16.5 acres) for construction of five agricultural parks: a rare flower park, a ginkgo park, a pear orchard, an orangery, and a nursery forest.
Economy [ edit ]
As with many areas of Chongming Island, Qilong farms hairy crab. In addition, they grow edamame for export to Japan and South Korea and malting barley for domestic production. From 2003, Qilong has seen dairy farms established and expanded for Shanghai-area milk companies. The Shanghai-based Yaoji Playing Card Company also has plans to construct a 1 km2 (0.39 sq mi) Thai-themed amusement park in the territory.
Government [ edit ]
The township of Qilong forms part of the county-level city of Qidong, itself part of the prefecture-level city of Nantong in Jiangsu province. Qilong is divided between the communities of Yonglong (永隆社区, Yǒnglóng Shèqū) and Xinglong (兴隆社区, Xīnglóng Shèqū).
See also [ edit ]
- Haiyong, the neighboring exclave of Haimen on Chongming
- List of enclaves and exclaves
- List of township-level divisions of Jiangsu
References [ edit ]
- Gao Yuan (8 December 2004), Rénmín Rìbào, The People's Daily, Beijing: Chinese Communist Party.
- Office of Shanghai Chronicles. 岛、沙"Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ["Dǎo, Shā", "Islands and Shoals"]. Shanghai Municipal Government (Shanghai), 2015. Accessed 12 Jan 2015. (in Chinese)
- Nóngyè Xīnwén, Agricultural News, Qidong: Qidong Agricultural Information Network, 24 May 2004. (in Chinese)
- “启隆乡” ["Qilong Township"] at Hudong Baike. 2015. Accessed 30 January 2015. (in Chinese)
- Zhou Zhaohui (12 November 2014), Jschina, Nanjing: Jiangsu Zhongjiang Network Media.
- Huang Yenming. 《姚记扑克高层来启考察》 ["Yáojì Pūkè Gāocéng Lái Qǐ Kǎochá", "Yaoji Poker Executives Visit Qidong"]. Qidong Development and Reform Commission (Qidong), 16 October 2014. Accessed 31 January 2015. (in Chinese)
- 2013年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码 [2013 Nián Tǒngjì Yòng Qūhuà Dàimǎ hé Chéngxiāng Huàfēn Dàimǎ (2013 Statistics with Zoning Codes and Urban/Rural Classification Codes)], Beijing: National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China, 31 August 2013. (in Chinese)