Red tourism

Tourists in Yan'an can rent and dress in Chinese Red Army garb

Red tourism (Chinese: 红色旅游; pinyin: Hóngsè lǚyóu)[1] is a subset of tourism in the People's Republic of China in which Chinese people visit locations with historical significance to Chinese Communism "to rekindle their long-lost sense of class struggle and proletarian principles."[2] The Government began actively supporting red tourism in 2005[3] to promote the "national ethos" and socioeconomic development in those areas,[4] which are typically rural and poorer than East China. In July 2010, officials representing 13 Chinese cities signed a "China Red Tourism Cities Strategic Cooperation Yan'an Declaration" to develop red tourism;[5] the cities are: Guang'an, Yan'an, Xiangtan, Jinggangshan, Ruijin, Zunyi, Baise, Shijiazhuang, Linyi, Anyang, Yulin, Qingyang, and Huining.[5] A Chinese official said "This is a major project that benefits both the Party, the nation and the people, either in the economic, cultural and the political sense."[6]

Locations [ edit ]

Outside China [ edit ]

Other former Communist countries can have red tourism, such as the Czech Republic, previously part of Czechoslovakia and ruled by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.[14] Recently Russian researchers started to focus on the studying of the trend of Russian-Chinese tourism’ development. [15]

Events [ edit ]

The China Red Tourism and Cultural Festival is held annually in Hunan. The 2010 Festival took place in July and took advantage of high-speed rail in China.

Criticism [ edit ]

Aging original members of the Red Army criticise the "Disneyfication" of what should be solemn war memorials.[3]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Zhou, Qiong (2010-07-07). "National Symposium on Red Tourism Kicks off in Xiangtan University". Hunan Government. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21.
  2. ^ a b Wong, Edward (December 30, 2010). "Revolution Isn't a Party, but It Draws Tourists". New York Times.
  3. ^ a b c d e Boyle, Joe (14 May 2008). "China's 'red tourism' stopover". BBC News. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  4. ^ Tian, Sulei (2005-02-22). "China boosts "red tourism" in revolutionary bases". Chinese Embassy in Delhi/Xinhua.
  5. ^ a b "Trends: China further develops red tourism". Global Times. July 8, 2010. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "China boosts "red tourism" in revolutionary bases". People's Daily. February 22, 2005. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  7. ^ Red Tourism Alliance formed in Fujian's Gutian 12 Dec 2009
  8. ^ Red Tourism: Yan'an China Pictorial 2002
  9. ^ Red Tourism: Jinggangshan China Pictorial 2002
  10. ^ a b "Torrential rains hit east China "red tourism" attraction". Xinhua News. 2010-07-26.
  11. ^ Red Tourism: Zunyi China Pictorial 2002
  12. ^ Will "Red Tourism" take off in the Chinese Hainan? Or is the future "Green" and "Blue"?
  13. ^ White, Chris (March 2017). "Appropriating Christian History in Fujian: Red Tourism Meets the Cross". Studies in World Christianity. 23 (1): 35–50. doi:10.3366/swc.2017.0168.
  14. ^ Bedard, Ron (October 28, 2010). "Red Tourism in the Czech Republic".
  15. ^ Lyudmila S., Timofeeva (2018). ""Red Tourism" as a factor of stimulation of Interregional and International Tourism". Dilemas Contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores. 6: 1–15 – via EBSCO Discovery Service.

Further reading [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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