Wikipedia

Rural Representative elections

The Rural Representative elections are the quadrennial elections to elect the rural representatives which consist of the village representatives and kaifong representatives in the New Territories. The rural representatives are responsible for electing the executive committees of their respective rural committees in which to elect the members of the Heung Yee Kuk.

Background [ edit ]

The Rural community in the New Territories has all the time had its own village representative elections. The previous electoral systems for a village or a group of villages came up around the end of World War II, in which they were conducted privately on a clan basis. All the candidates and electors were the indigenous inhabitants, ie person who could establish their patrilineal descent from a resident of a village that was in existence before the 1898 Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory.[1]

In 1994, the Heung Yee Kuk drew up a set of "Model Rules" for the elections of some 700 villages, which were held every four years. The appointment of the elected village representatives had to be approved by the Secretary for Home Affairs. The "Model rules" system prevailed until 1999 when two non-indigenous inhabitants, Chan Wah of Po Toi O in Sai Kung and Tse Kwan-sang of Shek Wu Tong in Yuen Long challenged the validity of the electoral arrangements in their villages by judicial review proceedings. Chan was denied the right to vote even though he married an indigenous inhabitants while Tse was denied the right to stand. The cases were eventually heard by the Court of Final Appeal in December 2000, which ruled that the electoral arrangements were inconsistent with the Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance while those in Po Toi O were also inconsistent with the Sex Discrimination Ordinance.[1]

In view of the rulings, there were calls on the government to bring village representative elections under a statutory framework. In 2003, the government enacted the Village Representative Election Ordinance (Cap. 576), which was later renamed as Rural Representative Election Ordinance in 2014.[2] In the proposal, the election would be held in a electoral system of two types of village representatives which represent both the indigenous and non-indigenous inhabitants.[1]

The Village Representative Election Ordinance (Cap. 576) was later renamed as Rural Representative Election Ordinance in 2014,[2] which created a new type of kaifong representative which only were introduced in Cheung Chau and Peng Chau Rural Committee of the Islands District, for the electing non-village representatives to reflect views on local affairs on behalf of Cheung Chau and Peng Chau residents.[2]

Composition [ edit ]

There are three different types of rural representatives. Under the village representatives, there are indigenous inhabitant representatives and resident representatives. Indigenous inhabitants are returned by the elector of indigenous inhabitants which have the exclusive power to deal with all affairs relating to traditional rights and interests of the indigenous villages, while resident representatives are to reflect view on behalf of the non-indigenous residents. Kaifong representatives only exist in Cheung Chau and Peng Chau which are elected by the market towns of the respective areas.[3]

Elections [ edit ]

2003 [ edit ]

Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District[4]
District No. of

Indigenous

Village &

Composite

Indigenous

Villages
No. of Indigenous

Inhabitants

Representatives

(IIR)
No. of

Existing

Village
No. of Resident

Resident

Representatives

(RR)
Total no.

of

IIR & RR
Islands 66 71 80 80 151
Kwai Tsing 9 18 8 8 26
North 97 132 117 117 249
Sai Kung 77 89 91 91 180
Sha Tin 46 55 48 48 103
Tai Po 124 150 121 121 271
Tsuen Wan 38 69 39 39 108
Tuen Mun 24 33 35 35 68
Yuen Long 120 170 154 154 324
Total 601 787 693 693 1,480

2007 [ edit ]

Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District[5]
District No. of

Indigenous

Village &

Composite

Indigenous

Villages
No. of Indigenous

Inhabitants

Representatives

(IIR)
No. of

Existing

Village
No. of Resident

Resident

Representatives

(RR)
Total no.

of

IIR & RR
Islands 66 71 80 80 151
Kwai Tsing 9 18 8 8 26
North 97 132 117 117 249
Sai Kung 77 89 91 91 180
Sha Tin 46 55 48 48 103
Tai Po 124 150 121 121 271
Tsuen Wan 38 69 39 39 108
Tuen Mun 24 33 35 35 68
Yuen Long 120 170 154 154 324
Total 601 787 693 693 1,480

2011 [ edit ]

Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District[6]
District No. of

Indigenous

Village &

Composite

Indigenous

Villages
No. of Indigenous

Inhabitants

Representatives

(IIR)
No. of

Existing

Village
No. of Resident

Resident

Representatives

(RR)
Total no.

of

IIR & RR
Islands 66 71 80 80 151
Kwai Tsing 9 18 10 10 28
North 97 132 117 117 249
Sai Kung 77 89 91 91 180
Sha Tin 46 55 48 48 103
Tai Po 125 151 122 122 273
Tsuen Wan 38 69 37 37 106
Tuen Mun 24 33 35 35 68
Yuen Long 121 171 155 155 326
Total 601 789 695 695 1,484

2015 [ edit ]

Breakdown of Number of Rural Areas and Rural Representatives By District[7]
District No. of

Existing

Village
No. of Resident

Representatives
No. of

Indigenous

Villages &

Composite

Indigenous

Villages
No. of Indigenous

Inhabitants

Representatives
No. of Market

Towns
No. of Kaifong

Representatives
Total no. of

Rural

Representatives
Islands 80 80 66 71 2 56 207
Kwai Tsing 10 10 9 18 - - 28
North 117 117 97 132 - - 249
Sai Kung 91 91 77 89 - - 180
Sha Tin 48 48 46 55 - - 103
Tai Po 122 122 125 151 - - 273
Tsuen Wan 37 37 38 69 - - 106
Tuen Mun 35 35 24 33 - - 68
Yuen Long 155 155 121 171 - - 326
Total 695 695 601 789 2 56 1,540

2019 [ edit ]

Breakdown of Number of Rural Areas and Rural Representatives By District[8]
District No. of

Existing

Village
No. of Resident

Representatives
No. of

Indigenous

Villages &

Composite

Indigenous

Villages
No. of Indigenous

Inhabitants

Representatives
No. of Market

Towns
No. of Kaifong

Representatives
Total no. of

Rural

Representatives
Islands 80 80 66 71 2 56 207
Kwai Tsing 10 10 9 18 - - 28
North 117 117 97 132 - - 249
Sai Kung 91 91 77 89 - - 180
Sha Tin 48 48 46 55 - - 103
Tai Po 122 122 125 151 - - 273
Tsuen Wan 37 37 38 69 - - 106
Tuen Mun 35 35 24 33 - - 68
Yuen Long 155 155 121 171 - - 326
Total 695 695 601 789 2 56 1,540

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c "Report on the 2003 Village Representative Election"(PDF). Electoral Affairs Commission.
  2. ^ a b c "Background". Home Affairs Department.
  3. ^ "Types of Rural Representatives and their Functions". Home Affairs Department.
  4. ^ "Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District"(PDF). Election Affairs Commission.
  5. ^ "Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District"(PDF). Election Affairs Commission.
  6. ^ "Breakdown of Number of Villages and Village Representatives By District"(PDF). Election Affairs Commission.
  7. ^ "Breakdown of Number of Rural Areas and Rural Representatives By District"(PDF). Election Affairs Commission.
  8. ^ "Breakdown of Number of Rural Areas and Rural Representatives By District"(PDF). Election Affairs Commission.

External links [ edit ]

What is this?