Wikipedia

Salt Lake Tabernacle organ

Salt Lake Tabernacle Organ
Salt Lake Tabernacle Organ
Salt Lake Tabernacle Organ
Background information
Origin Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Genres Worship, classical
Years active 1867 (1867)–present
Labels The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square
Associated acts The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square

Orchestra at Temple Square

Temple Square Chorale

Bells on Temple Square

Schoenstein Organ at the Conference Center
Website Official Website

The Salt Lake Tabernacle organ is a pipe organ located in the Salt Lake Tabernacle in Salt Lake City, Utah. Along with the nearby Conference Center organ, it is typically used to accompany The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square and is also featured in daily noon recitals. It is one of the largest organs in the world. Schoenstein & Co. President and tonal director Jack Bethards describes it as an "American classic organ" and "probably one of the most perfect organs ever built." [1]

Construction [ edit ]

The Boston Music Hall Organ[2]

TempleSquareOrganRecitals.jpg



The Tabernacle organ is considered to be one of the finest examples of the American Classic style of organ building.[3][4] The casework was inspired by the design of the Boston Music Hall organ (which is now housed, since 1909 at the Methuen Memorial Music Hall), the original organ was built in 1863-1867 by an Englishman, Joseph Ridges. Ridges' instrument contained some 700 pipes and was constructed of locally derived materials as much as possible. This original modest 2 manual organ had its console attached to the lower central part of the case and its action was tracker. The organ was later rebuilt and enlarged first by Niels Johnson (1889), the Kimball company of Chicago (1901), the Austin company of Hartford (1926 & 1937) and finally by the Aeolian-Skinner organ company of Boston (1948). The organ today is largely the result of the personal involvement of noted Anglo-American organ builder G. Donald Harrison, president of the Aeolian-Skinner organ firm when the tabernacle organ was installed. His collaboration with legendary tabernacle organist Alexander Schreiner produced this masterwork of American eclectic organ building.

From 1984-1988 the organ was meticulously renovated by the Schoenstein organ company of San Francisco under the leadership of Jack M. Bethards, President. Issues of balance, tonal regulation and various mechanical details which had developed or become evident in the preceding 40 years of use were corrected and 17 ranks of new pipework were added to complete and enhance the tonal scheme.

The original iconic façade was expanded with side wings in 1915 by the Fetzer woodworking company of Salt Lake City and remains in that form today.

The pipes are constructed of wood, zinc, and various alloys of tin and lead. Several pipe ranks from the Ridges organ are extant in the instrument today. When it was initially constructed, the organ had tracker action and was powered by hand-pumped bellows; later it was powered by water from City Creek. Today it is powered by electricity and has electro-pneumatic action.

The organ as it stands today contains 11,623 pipes, 147 speaking stops and 206 ranks (rows of pipes).[5]

Uses [ edit ]

The organ often accompanies The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square during its weekly radio and television broadcasts of Music and the Spoken Word. It also appears in other concerts, recitals, and in recordings. Since the 1920s it has been traditional to feature the organ in daily half hour solo recitals at noon. During the busy tourist summer season the noon recitals are repeated at 2pm. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints used the organ to accompany music for its semiannual general conferences until April 2000, when the church opened its newly constructed Conference Center across the street to the north, which has its own 7708-pipe organ.

Apart from its use by organists of The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, guest artists are often invited to perform on the instrument, including Dame Gillian Weir (2007), John Weaver (2007) and Felix Hell (2008).

Many recordings featuring the tabernacle organists and choir have been made over the years and are readily available.

List of stops [ edit ]

I. Choir
Gamba 16′
Principal 8′
Concert Flute 8′
Viola 8′
Viola Celeste 8′
Dulcet II 8′
Kleine Erzähler II 8′
Prestant 4′
Zauberflöte 4′
Gambette 4′
Piccolo Harmonique 2′
Fife (Carillon) 1′
Sesquialtera (Carillon) II
Carillon III
Rauschpfeife III
Dulzian 16′
Trompette 8′
Krummhorn 8′
Orchestral Oboe 8′
Rohr Schalmei 4′
Tromp. Harm. (Bomb.) 8′
Tremulant

I. Positiv
Principal 8′
Cor de Nuit 8′
Quintade 8′
Principal 4′
Nachthorn 4′
Nazard 2 2/3
Principal 2′
Spillflöte 2′
Tierce 1 3/5
Larigot 1 1/3
Sifflöte 1′
Septerz II
Scharf III
Zimbel III
Rankett 16′
Cromorne 8′
Tremulant
II. Great
Subprincipal 16′
Quintaton 16′
Principal 8′
Diapason 8′
Montre 8′
Bourdon 8′
Spitzflöte 8′
Flûte Harmonique 8′
Bell Gamba 8′
Grosse Quinte 5 1/3
Principal 4′
Octave 4′
Koppelflöte 4′
Flûte Octaviante 4′
Gemshorn 4′
Grosse Tierce 3 1/5
Quinte 2 2/3
Super Octave 2′
Blockflöte 2′
Tierce 1 3/5
Septieme 1 1/7
Acuta III
Full Mixture IV
Fourniture IV
Kleine Mixtur IV
Cornet V
Double Trumpet 16′
Trumpet 8′
Clarion 4′
III. Swell
Lieblich Gedeckt 16′
Gemshorn 16′
Geigen Principal 8′
Gedeckt 8′
Claribel Flute 8′
Flauto Dolce 8′
Flute Celeste 8′
Viole de Gambe 8′
Viole Celeste 8′
Orchestral Strings II 8′
Salicional 8′
Voix Celeste 8′
Prestant 4′
Fugara 4′
Flauto Traverso 4′
Nazard 2 2/3
Octavin 2′
Hohlflöte 2′
Cornet III
Cymbale IV
Plein Jeu IV (from Plein Jeu VI)
Plein Jeu VI
Contra Fagot 32′
Contre Trompette 16′
1ere Trompette 8′
2eme Trompette 8′
Hautbois 8′
Voix Humaine 8′
Quinte Trompette 5 1/3
Clairon 4′
Tremulant
IV. Bombarde
Diapason 8′
Octave 4′
Grosse Cornet IV–VI
Grande Fourniture VI
Bombarde 16′
Trompette Harmonique 8′
Trompette 8′
Clairon 4′

IV. Solo
Flauto Mirabilis 8′
Gamba 8′
Gamba Celeste 8′
Concert Flute 4′
Nazard 2 2/3
Piccolo 2′
Tierce 1 3/5
French Horn 8′
English Horn 8′
Corno di Bassetto 8′
Tuba 8′
Cornet V (Great) 8′
Harp 8′
Chimes
Celesta (Harp)
Tremulant

V. Antiphonal
Diapason 8′
Gedeckt 8′
Salicional 8′
Voix Celeste 8′
Principal 4′
Kleine Mixtur III
Trompette 8′
Vox Humana 8′
Tuba Mirabilis 8′
Cornet (Great) V
Tremulant

Percussion
Chimes on Great
Chimes on Pedal
Harp on Choir
Celesta on Choir
Pedal
Montre 32′
Flûte Ouverte 32′
Contre Bourdon 32′
Principal 16′
Flûte Ouverte 16′
Contre Basse 16′
Violone 16′
Bourdon 16′
Gemshorn (Swell) 16′
Gamba (Choir) 16′
Lieblich Gedeckt (Swell) 16′
Grosse Quinte 10 2/3
Principal 8′
Violoncello 8′
Spitzprincipal 8′
Flûte Ouverte 8′
Flauto Dolce 8′
Gamba (Choir) 8′
Lieblich Gedeckt (Swell) 8′
Quinte 5 1/3
Choral Bass 4′
Nachthorn 4′
Gamba (Choir) 4′
Lieblich Gedeckt (Swell) 4′
Principal 2′
Blockflöte 2′
Full Mixture IV
Cymbale IV
Grand Harmonics V
Bombarde 32′
Contra Fagot (Swell) 32′
Ophicleide 16′
Trombone 16′
Double Trumpet (Great) 16′
Contre Tompette (Swell) 16′
Dulzian (Choir) 16′
Posaune 8′
Trumpet 8′
Double Trumpet (Great) 8′
Contre Trompette (Swell) 8′
Krummhorn (Choir) 8′
Clarion 4′
Chalumeau 4′
Kornett 2′

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ http://pipedreams.publicradio.org/listings/2005/0525/
  2. ^ Elson, Louis Charles (1904). The History of American Music: With Twelve Full Page Photogravures and One Hundred and Two Illustrations in the Text. New York: Macmillan Co. p. 188. OCLC 55551750.
  3. ^ Bethards, Jack: "The 1988 Renovation—A Builder's Perspective" The American Organist Vol. 22, no. 12 (December 1988), p. 71.
  4. ^ Owen, Barbara (1990). The Mormon Tabernacle Organ: An American Classic. The American Classic Organ Symposium. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ISBN 1-55517-054-4.
  5. ^ 11,623 Pipes: The Story of the Tabernacle OrganArchived 2009-05-31 at the Wayback Machine, Tabernacle Choir Website. Retrieved on September 28, 2007.

Further reading [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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