Location of Simao District (pink) and Pu'er Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|GB/T 2260 CODE ||530802|
|• Total||3,928 km2 (1,517 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,370.9 m (4,497.7 ft)|
|• Density||65/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
|Area code(s)||0879 |
|1Yunnan Statistics Bureau 
2Puer Gov. 
3Yunnan Portal 
Simao District (Chinese: 思茅区; pinyin: Sīmáo Qū; formerly known as Cuiyun District) is a district under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, Yunnan Province, China. It is the seat of Puer Prefecture. Formerly both Simao and the surrounding region of Pu'er prefecture played a major role in the historic tea horse trade between Yunnan, Tibet and India, with Simao acting as the southern terminus or starting point for the transport of tea by mule caravan north to Dali, Lijiang and Lhasa. Tea remains a central crop and product of the region.
In 2007, the city of Simao (思茅市) changed its name to Pu'er city (普洱市). By doing so, it has had an effect the size of the official Pu'er (普洱) tea production area.
Ethnic groups [ edit ]
Simao District is ethnically diverse, with Han, Yi, Dai, Hani, Bulang, Wa, Lahu, and other ethnic groups.
Han Chinese live mostly in Simaoba 思茅坝, Yixiangba 倚象坝, and Laojuntian 老君田 (Simao Prefecture Almanac 1993:477). They numbered 105,133 people as of 1990, making more up than 75% of the population.
The Yi people of Gaojiazhai 髙家寨 and Manxieba 曼歇坝 in Simaoba 思茅坝 speak the Southern Yi dialect (南部方言), while the Yi of other areas speak the Western Yi dialect of Weishan County (滇西巍山彝族西部方言) (Simao Prefecture Almanac 1993:478). They numbered 17,459 people as of 1990. Ethnic Yi townships in Simao district are Longtan 龙潭彝族傣族乡 and Yunxian 云仙彝族乡 townships. Some of the Yi in Simao are also known as Xiangtang 香堂.
The Dai people live in various villages on both sides of the Dazhong 大中河, Jiufang 酒房河, and Xiaohejiang 小黑江 rivers, namely Mangdie 芒垒, Mangyao 芒腰, Mangpan 芒畔, Qianluo 迁洛, Jiufang 酒房, Longtan 龙潭彝族傣族乡, Zhengwan 整碗, Mamu 骂木, Bangnong 蚌弄, Boluo 菠萝, and other villages (Simao Prefecture Almanac 1993:478). They numbered 4,142 people as of 1990.
The Hani people live in (Simao Prefecture Almanac 1993:478). They numbered 3,722 people as of 1990. Some migrated from Tongxin 同心 and Mengxian 勐先 of Pu'er County 普洱县 (now renamed as Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County) during the Republic of China era, while others migrated in 1971 from Lianhe 联合, Xin'an 新安, Xinfu 新抚, and Baliu 坝溜 townships of Mojiang County 墨江县. Subgroups include Biyue 碧约, Budu 布都, Kaduo 卡堕, Ximoluo 西摩洛, and Bukong 布孔.
In Simao District, the Bulang people (population 272 as of 1990) live near the junction of the Xiaohei River 小黑江 and Lancang River 澜沧江, in the villages of Guanzhai 官寨, Tuanliangzi 团梁子, Mangbang 芒蚌, Mangba 芒坝, etc., in a total of six villages (Simao Prefecture Almanac 1993:480).
Transport [ edit ]
Simao Airport (IATA: SYM, ICAO: ZPSM).
Herbariums [ edit ]
- Simao District National Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute Herbarium, (founded 1970) of the Simao District Public Health Bureau
- Simao Forestry Bureau Herbarium (founded 1991)
References [ edit ]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-01-29. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Area Code and Postal Code in Yunnan Province
- See also Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011). China's Ancient Tea Horse Road. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN: B005DQV7Q2
- 思茅区南屏镇曼昔坝村委会. ynszxc.net.
- 思茅彝族的习俗（一）. yixueyanjiu.com. 2007.
- 思茅区倚象镇永庆村委会纳里田自然村. ynszxc.net.