Songjiang Square Pagoda
|Songjiang Square Pagoda|
|Chinese||松江 方 塔|
|Literal meaning||Songjiang Square Pagoda|
|Xingshengjiao Temple Pagoda|
|Traditional Chinese||興 聖 教 寺 塔|
|Simplified Chinese||兴 圣 教 寺 塔|
|Literal meaning||Xingshengjiao Temple Pagoda|
The Songjiang Square Pagoda or Songjiang Fangta, officially the Xingshengjiao Temple Pagoda, is a Buddhist pagoda in the old town of Songjiang in suburban Shanghai. Originally built in the 11th century, it is the only structure remaining from the Xingshengjiao Temple, and is now enclosed in the Fangta Park. The 9-story pagoda is 48.5 meters (159 ft) tall, and has become Songjiang's most famous landmark.
History [ edit ]
The pagoda was built between 1068 and 1077, when Songjiang was the largest city in the Shanghai region, a prosperous stop on the Grand Canal between Hangzhou and Suzhou. Each side of the ground floor is about 6 meters (20 ft) long and its nine stories reach 48.5 meters (159 ft) high. It formed part of Songjiang's Xingshengjiao Temple, originally established in 949 but now completely destroyed. Its Northern Song style has not changed despite renovations under the Ming and Qing and, more recently, in the mid- to late-1970s. In 1974, its first-floor staircase was restored.
In 1974 or 1975, a brick vault was discovered under the pagoda during renovations. It was the tomb of the 11th-century monk Miaoyuan (妙遠) whose ashes—as was common of other masters during the Northern Song—had been placed within the hollow belly of the enlightened Buddha to serve as an object of veneration. The bronze reclining Buddha was 42 centimeters (17 in) long and more than 25 kilograms (55 lb). Two elephant teeth and seven relic beads were placed neatly nearby in two silver cases. The Buddha and the silver cases had been stored in a lacquer case, which had been placed in a larger stone one and then stored in an undecorated crypt.
The Square Pagoda is the centerpiece of the modern city's Fangta Park, which was organized in 1980 by Feng Jizhong as one of the first reassertions of the importance of traditional Chinese architecture after the ravages of the Cultural Revolution. It was added to Shanghai's nationally-protected sites (as No. 83-5) in 1986 and is now Songjiang's most famous landmark.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Citations [ edit ]
- Lonely Planet (2009).
- "Pagoda at Xingshengjiao Temple in Songjiang County near Shanghai", China through a Lens, China Internet Information Center, retrieved 19 November 2016.
- Petit Futé (2012).
- Lee (2010), p. 258.
- Lee (2010), p. 259.
- Zhu (2014), p. 403.
- "国务院关于公布第四批全国重点文物保护单位的通知 [4th Batch]", 全国重点文物保护单位 [Major National Historical and Cultural Sites], State Administration of Cultural Heritage, 1996. (in Chinese)
Bibliography [ edit ]
- "Sōngjiāng", China, Lonely Planet, 2009.
- "Pagode Carrée", Shanghai et Ses Environs, 3rd ed., Paris: Petit Futé, 2012. (in French)
- Lee, Sonya S. (2010), Surviving Nirvana: Death of the Buddha in Chinese Visual Culture, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
- Zhu Tao (2014), "Architecture in China in the Reform Era: 1978–2010", A Critical History of Contemporary Architecture: 1960–2010, Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 401–18.
[ edit ]
- The Grand Documentation: Ernst Boerschmann and Chinese Religious Architecture, p. 540, a photograph of the pagoda in the 1930s