South Carolina National Guard

South Carolina National Guard
South Carolina National Guard logo.PNG
Founded 1670; 350 years ago (1670)
Current form Flag of the United States.svg United States

(since 1776)

Flag of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg Great Britain

(before 1776)
Service branches
Headquarters Columbia, South Carolina
Commander-in-Chief Flag of South Carolina.svg Henry McMaster
Adjutant General Flag of South Carolina.svgMG Van McCarty
President of the United States Flag of the United States.svg Donald Trump [note 1]
Military age 18 for voluntary service
Conscription All able-bodied men ages 18-45[1]
Reserve personnel 32,000

The South Carolina National Guard consists of the South Carolina Army National Guard and the South Carolina Air National Guard [1]. American law specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement when called upon with the suspension of the Posse Comitatus Act, normally reserved for extreme situations when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress.

When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."

The Governor may call individuals or units of the South Carolina National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

The South Carolina State Guard is a military entity authorized by both the State Code of South Carolina and executive order. The South Carolina State Guard (SCSG) is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the South Carolina Army National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized. The SCSG comprises retired active and reserve military personnel, non-prior state soldiers and selected professional persons who serve a state military contract and volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state and assistance to the SCARNG.

Many states also maintain their own military forces, of which the South Carolina State Guard is one. These forces are federally recognized, but are separate from the National Guard and are not meant to be federalized, but rather service the state exclusively, especially when the National Guard is deployed and unavailable. The Military Department of South Carolina oversees the National Guard (Army and Air), state civil defense agencies and the South Carolina State Guard. In South Carolina the State Guard is made up of three brigades of volunteer military personnel who drill without pay - a true militia. All equipment is supplied through the Military Department.

South Carolina had the nation's last elected Adjutant General. Currently, the adjutant general in South Carolina is appointed by the Governor and is Maj. Gen. Roy V. McCarty.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The U.S. president serves as the commander-in-chief when the national guard is federalized.

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Article XIII Militia".

External links [ edit ]

What is this?