Southgate is a suburban area of north London, England in the London Borough of Enfield. It is located around 8 miles (12.9 km) north of Charing Cross. The name is derived from being the south gate to Enfield Chase.
History [ edit ]
Southgate was originally the South Gate of Enfield Chase, the King's hunting grounds. This is reflected in the street names Chase Road (which leads due north from the station to Oakwood, and was formerly the avenue into the Chase) and Chase Side. There is a blue plaque on a building on the site of the south gate. A little further to the south was another small medieval settlement called South Street which had grown up around a village green; by 1829 the two settlements had merged and the village green became today's Southgate Green.
Becoming separate from Edmonton in 1881, Southgate had a population in 1891 of just 10,970. By 1901 the figure had moved up to 14,993, and by 1911 the figure had ballooned to 33,612, aided by the nearby railway station in Palmers Green.
Southgate was predominantly developed in the 1930s: largish semi-detached houses were built on the hilly former estates (Walker, Osidge, Monkfrith, etc.) following increased transport development. In 1933, the North Circular Road was completed through Edmonton and Southgate, and also in 1933, the London Underground Piccadilly line was extended from Arnos Grove (where it had reached the previous year), through Southgate tube station, on to Enfield West (now known as Oakwood). This unleashed a building boom, and by 1939 the area had become almost fully developed.
By 1951, the population had grown to 73,377 – falling by about 1,000 ten years later as many moved to new towns nearby.
Status [ edit ]
In 1894 an urban district of Middlesex, called Southgate, was created by the Local Government Act 1894. In 1933 the Municipal Borough of Southgate was created. The borough was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963, and incorporated within the new London Borough of Enfield, also including the areas that had been within the Municipal Borough of Enfield and the Municipal Borough of Edmonton.
Geography [ edit ]
Local features [ edit ]
Within the area is the art deco Grade II* Southgate tube station designed by Charles Holden. The area has several large green parks such as Grovelands Park which covers ninety-two acres and contains the seven-acre former boating lake and adjoining woodland of the adjacent Grade I listed Grovelands House (formerly 'Southgate Grove'). In Waterfall Road is Christ Church, built in 1862 by Sir Gilbert Scott; adjacent to its grounds stands the Minchenden Oak. Across the road from the church lies the Walker Cricket Ground; a regular Middlesex venue which was first used in 1859 and is named after the cricketer John Walker.
The Southgate Green conservation area contains several notable Grade II listed buildings such as Arnoside House and Essex House, Sandford House & Norbury House, Old House & Essex Coach House, 40 The Green and the Valentine Poole houses. The adjoining Cannon Hill features the early-18th century Arnos Grove House and the High Street features Southgate House.
Demography [ edit ]
Southgate is a cosmopolitan district. There has been a prominent Jewish community since the early 20th century. There are also many Greek, Greek Cypriot, Japanese, and Turkish families living in the district. As of the 2011 census, White British makes up 45% of the population, followed by Other White at 20%.
Notable residents [ edit ]
- Sir William Acton, 1st Baronet, owned Arnolds estate.
- Neville Brody, graphic designer, born in Southgate in 1957.
- Errol Brown, singer.
- James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos, lived at Minchington Hall.
- Raymond Wilson Chambers, writer, lived in Selborne Road, Southgate Green.
- Dave Clark (musician), lived in Chase Side.
- James Colebrooke and George Colebrooke, first owners of Arnos Grove house.
- Sir William Curtis, 1st Baronet; MP, Sheriff and Lord Mayor, lived at Cullands Grove.
- Dave Davies, musician.
- Alan Dumayne, local historian.
- Stephen Godin, 18th Century broker, lived at Cullands Grove.
- Augustus Hare, writer.
- David Hepworth, journalist and writer.
- Sir David Hechstetter, merchant, lived at Minchington Hall.
- Frederick Hitch, awarded the Victoria Cross.
- Sir Abraham Hume, 1st Baronet, owned Arnos Grove house.
- Leigh Hunt, essayist and writer, born in Southgate in 1784.
- Ashley Hutchings, musician, born 1945.
- Peter Jay, drummer, born 1944.
- Selin Kiazim, chef and restaurateur.
- John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence, lived in Southgate House in the 1860s.
- Sir Patrick Linstead, English chemist, born in Southgate in 1902.
- Sir Thomas Lipton came to Southgate in 1892, and lived in Osidge House (in East Barnet, but within the parish of Southgate) until his death in 1931.
- Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke, 19th Century politician.
- Allastair McReady-Diarmid, awarded the Victoria Cross.
- William Mayne, 1st Baron Newhaven, owned Arnos Grove house.
- Simon Mayo was born in Southgate, 1958.
- Ron Moody, actor.
- Sir John Moore, Lord Mayor, circa 1674.
- David Puttnam, film producer, born in Southgate in 1941.
- Ted Ray (comedian) and Andrew Ray.
- Henry Crabb Robinson, diarist, circa 1812.
- Dame Flora Robson, star of the theatrical stage and cinema, lived at 65 The Mall between 1910 and 1921.[circular reference]
- Sarbel, pop singer, born 1981.
- John Henry Powell Schneider and Henry Schneider, lived at Beaver Hall.
- Alan Sinfield, writer and theorist, born 1941.
- Rachel Stevens, S Club 7 star, was born and raised in Southgate and attended Osidge Primary and Ashmole Academy.
- Samuel Sugden, 19th Century merchant, lived at Oak Lodge.
- Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville and Anne Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, lived at Minchington Hall.
- Joseph Thornton, railway contractor, lived at Beaver Hall.
- Isaac Walker, and The Walkers of Southgate.
- Benjamin Waugh, founder of the NSPCC, lived at Southgate Green in the 1880s.
- Andrew Weir, 1st Baron Inverforth, owned Arnos Grove house.
- Sir John Weld, 17th century merchant, owned Arnolds estate.
- Sir Thomas Whitmore, 1st Baronet and Sir William Whitmore, 2nd Baronet, owned Arnolds estate.
- Amy Winehouse, (1983–2011), lived at addresses in both Southgate and Osidge, and attended local schools before moving to Whetstone in 1991.
Politics [ edit ]
The parliamentary constituency covering the part of Southgate in the London Borough of Enfield is Enfield Southgate (UK Parliament constituency). Until his death in the Brighton bombing in 1984, the constituency was represented by Sir Anthony Berry. In 1997, Michael Portillo, who succeeded Sir Anthony, lost the seat to Stephen Twigg, who after two terms lost in his turn to David Burrowes in May 2005. In the 2017 general election, Bambos Charalambous defeated Burrowes and became the new representative of the constituency.
Taverns, inns and public houses [ edit ]
Because of the age of the former village and its position in a ring of villages one day's travel by coach from London, Southgate had many pubs: within the village centre there were six local licensed premises.
Many were located on Chase Side but some, such as The Bell, The Crown and the Chase Gate Tavern, were demolished as part of 20th Century redevelopment and others have closed more recently; The Waggon (formerly Waggon and Horses) became an Anatolian restaurant in 2013. The Rising Sun was the terminus for a local horsebus service to Colney Hatch (and there to Kings Cross) before the arrival of the railways, whereupon the service switched to the new station in Palmers Green. It was rebuilt in 1932, and substantially renovated in 2008, changing its name to The Sun and later The Maze Inn but was subsequently closed in 2016 and demolished in 2019. The Crown is commemorated in the name of The New Crown on Chase Side. The Hart (formerly The White Hart) is the last long-standing pub in the immediate area, located on the adjoining Chase Road, near Southgate Circus roundabout.
Other notable local pubs are Ye Olde Cherry Tree which overlooks Southgate Green, and The Woodman on Bourne Hill. Former public house The Woolpack on the nearby High Street is now a restaurant.
Education [ edit ]
College [ edit ]
Schools [ edit ]
Primary [ edit ]
- De Bohun Primary School 
- St Andrew's CE Primary
- St Monica's RC Primary
- Salcombe Preparatory School (Independent)
- Vita et Pax School (Independent)
- Walker Primary
- West Grove Primary
- Wolfson Hillel Primary
- Osidge Primary School (in the London Borough of Barnet)
Secondary [ edit ]
Religious facilities [ edit ]
Synagogues [ edit ]
There are four synagogues with Southgate in their name: Cockfosters and North Southgate, Palmers Green and Southgate Synagogue (both part of the United Synagogue), Southgate Progressive Synagogue in Oakwood, and Chabad Southgate. The former Southgate and District Reform Synagogue has now moved to Whetstone, and changed its name in February 2010 to Sha'arei Tsedek: North London Reform Synagogue.
Churches [ edit ]
Christ Church stands near Southgate Green. This was built on the site of Weld Chapel, which was built in 1615 and demolished in 1863. The clock on the church was placed there to celebrate Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee. The church contains London's largest collection of pre-raphaelite stained glass by Morris, Marshall Faulkner & Co (later Morris & Co). The parish church of St Andrew is on Chase Side. Emmanuel Evangelical Church meets in Ashmole School. Southgate Methodist Church is on The Bourne, near Southgate Underground station. It was built in 1929, replacing a building on Chase Side. It is an active community hub.
Southgate Masonic Centre [ edit ]
The Southgate Masonic Centre is home to 160 Lodges of which 15 are from Middlesex, along with 5 Chapters. The Centre, a converted church hall, was opened in 1968. The Middlesex Lodges that joined had been meeting in pubs and similar venues and welcomed the opportunity to have their own Centre.
Oak Hill College [ edit ]
Oak Hill College is a theological college located on Chase Side. It trains both Anglican and Independent students for Church ministry in the UK and overseas.
Local newspapers [ edit ]
The local newspapers are, as of 2018:
References [ edit ]
- "Southgate Demographics (Enfield, England)". Southgate.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Byrom, Bertram (2008). Old Southgate and Palmers Green. Stenlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781840334241.
- "Britain". The Economist. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Southgate – UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "The Word Podcast #183". The Word Podcast #183. The Word. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Newby, Herbert (1949). "Old" Southgate. T.Grove. p. 115.
- Dumayne, Alan Southgate A Glimpse Into the Past, 1987, ISBN 0951228609, p94-7
- Flora Robson#Legacies
- Dumayne, Alan (1998). Southgate. Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-2000-9.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 23 May 2007. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "St Monica's Catholic Primary School | Strive to succeed in the presence of God". St-monicas.enfield.sch.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Home – Salcombe Prep School". Salcombeprep.co.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Visitors. "Home | Walker Primary School". Walker.enfield.sch.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Wolfson Hillel Primary School – Home". Wolfsonhillel.enfield.sch.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "News, sport and local information for Enfield, Edmonton, Palmers Green, Southgate, Winchmore Hill". Enfieldindependent.co.uk. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
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Media related to Southgate, London at Wikimedia Commons