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T.O.K. at Chiemsee Reggae Summer 2013
|Genres||Reggae, dancehall, reggae fusion|
|Labels||VP, X.C.A.R.R records/JVC|
|Past members||Xavier "Flexx" Davidson
Craig "Craigy T" Thompson
Alistaire "Alex" McCalla
Roshaun "Bay-C" Clarke
T.O.K. were a dancehall group from Kingston, Jamaica. The group consisted of Alistaire "Alex" McCalla, Roshaun "Bay-C" Clarke, Craig "Craigy T" Thompson, and Xavier "Flexx" Davidson. They started their band in 1996.
T.O.K. were described as "the world's greatest dancehall-reggae boy band" by The New York Times in 2004. They were best known for such hits as "Footprints", "Gal You Ah Lead", "Chi Chi Man", "Eagles Cry", "Guardian Angel", "Money 2 Burn", "She's Hot", "Hey Ladies", "The Voice" and "I Believe".
History [ edit ]
Origins [ edit ]
The group's origins can be traced back to the early 1990s while the members were still attending school. Alistaire McCalla and Xavier Davidson were friends, and McCalla recruited Craig Thompson and Roshaun Clarke who were fellow members of the choir at Campion College in Kingston and T.O.K. was born.
The group got their initial break in 1993, after a stint playing at high school parties and hotels, they finished second at the annual Tastee Talent Competition. Their performance was noticed by the local record producer Stephen Craig of Nuff Records. After voicing some tracks for Craig's label, they were signed to a recording contract to Sly Dunbar and Robbie Shakespeare's Taxi label in 1996, and released their first single, "Hit Them High", which had little impact. Later that year, they signed onto Richard "Shams" Browne's High Profile label and released two more singles, "Send Them Come" and "Hardcore Lover" with Lady Saw. The latter tune was popular, climbing the Jamaican dancehall charts, and earned them a contract with VP Records. In 2012, the group became independent of their contract with VP Records.
Commercial success [ edit ]
Since emerging on the scene in the early 1990s, they released numerous hit songs and albums. In 1999, they recorded "Eagles Cry" (a version of Prince's "When Doves Cry") on the Jamaican imprint Xtra Large, which became an international success. "Eagles Cry" was followed closely by "Chi Chi Man", based on the "Sashi" riddim created by Tony "CD" Kelly and the melody of the christmas song Do You Hear What I Hear?. It was the Jamaican Labour Party's 2001 theme song, but came to be criticized for its homophobic lyrics (chi chi man being a slur for a gay man). T.O.K. entered the US market in 2001 with their debut album, My Crew, My Dawgs, which made the Top 10 in the Billboard Top Reggae Album Chart and achieved platinum status in Japan. That year, T.O.K. appeared on MTV's first Advance Warning. The group had a further success with the single "Gal You A Lead". The video was selected for MTV2's New Faces of MTV2, and was among Blender's "Top Songs of 2004". Produced by Bobby Konders, the single reached No. 85 in the US Billboard Hot 100.
Their second album, Unknown Language (2005) produced another hit "Footprints", also making it into the Billboard Chart at No. 93. The album followed its predecessor with platinum sales in Japan. T.O.K. spent a couple of years touring the world promoting Unknown Language.
In 2007, two more hits emerged in "No Man" and "Guardian Angel". "Guardian Angel" rose to No. 1 on the Reggae Charts in New York City and Florida as well as in Jamaica. Since 2008, T.O.K. released several new singles, as well as music videos for "No Man", "Unbelievable", the "Hotta Vybez Medley", "Raindrops Medley" and more recently "Supermodel".
Later years [ edit ]
Break-up [ edit ]
In October 2015 Davidson left to pursue a solo career, prompting the group to split up.
Controversy over homophobic lyrics [ edit ]
T.O.K. was one of the musical acts that the Stop Murder Music campaign targeted. Their song "Chi Chi Man" was controversial for its lyrics which promote the murder of gays. T.O.K. refused to sign the Reggae Compassion Act, but drafted and signed their own contract in August 2009 before their performance in Zurich called the T.O.K. Compassion Act. Their contract states "We respect and uphold the rights of all individuals to live without fear of hatred and violence due to their religion, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity or gender."
Discography [ edit ]
Albums [ edit ]
EPs [ edit ]
- Taking Over (2014), XCAR
DVD [ edit ]
- Blaze It Up Tour
Other albums from members [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- Kenner, Rob (2005) "Boomshots", Vibe, August 2005, p. 146. Retrieved 13 July 2014
- Sanneh, Kelefa (2004) "MUSIC: PLAYLIST; Reggae's Riddims And Crews", The New York Times, 23 May 2004. Retrieved 16 December 2016
- Artistdirect BioT.O.K. Biography 17 February 2009
- Allmusic bioT.O.K. Biography 17 February 2009
- Nelson, Leah (27 February 2011). "Jamaica's Anti-Gay 'Murder Music' Carries Violent Message". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- Campbell, Curtis (2014) "T.O.K. Aims To Expand Global Reach With New Album", Jamaica Gleaner, 13 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014
- Grizzle, Shereita (2014) "TOK 'Taking Over' Reality TV", Jamaica Gleaner, 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014
- Morgan, Simone (2014) "TOK Comes of Age", Jamaica Observer, 28 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014
- Johnson, Richard (2015) "T.O.K calls it quits", Jamaica Observer, 19 October 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2013. CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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