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Space aliens [ edit ]
The link from the rather abstract philosophical discussion at the beginning to the everyday use of the term "alienated" seemed a bit odd. None of the examples relate to aliens from space. However, the examples were useful so I have removed some wording and added a heading "everyday use of the term". Itsmejudith 15:00, 13 June 2006 (UTC)
Lack of neutrality. [ edit ]
Qoute; "social alienation refers to the individual's estrangement from traditional community and others in general."
This means that social needs is measured exlusive by it's ability to re-confirm the worth of conservate culture. —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 03:37, 13 February 2007 (UTC).
It looks like it should be changed to "meaningful forms of community" to take away the connotation that community is based in tradition. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Mikem1234 (talk • contribs) 18:57, 16 April 2011 (UTC)
Lack of Content/Quality [ edit ]
This article has no sources, is heavily biased towards Marxist social theory, and links "The Catcher in the Rye." No discussion is raised concerning the psychological aspects of alienation, and the overall tone of the article when discussing society is petty and pessimistic. The article's quality is low compared to the other social and psychological articles on Wikipedia. This is not a first-year Sociology course. jdyachimec 1:03, 21 October 2007.
The definition is inaccurate [ edit ]
atomism of modern society means that individuals have shallower relations with other people than they would normally.
Not correct. What does “ normally” refer to, what are “normal” social relations, and by what the “normality” of social relations is defined? Atomistic social structure isn't “abnormal” it simply exists. The social relations in an atomistic social structure are not “shallower” but weaker, more sporadic, momentary, contractual and more formal, than in a traditional society.
This, it is argued, leads to difficulties in understanding and adapting to each other's uniqueness
On the contrary. In an “atomistic” society people are “allowed” to be more unique, and to demonstrate their individual traits and habits in a bolder manner since they are not subdued to a coherent set of behavioral norms. The social structure, simply, does not have the power to impose on individuals a set of restricting norms and values of behavior. Therefore there is no defined and clear guideline to conform to, therefore, “uniqueness” (whatever it may mean) is not viewed as an irregular conduct of behavior that one should strive to understand and accept. Please note: 1. The writer of this segment did not explain this part (i.e. why do individuals have difficulties in adapting to each other) , basically because it is wrong and therefore inexplicable. 2. the writer refers the reader to the Wiki definition of “ Normlessness” , which is a term driven from what I have just explained.
Diferent kinds of alienation [ edit ]
There are likely many different kinds of alienation, which tend to correspond to every different branch of sociology (see List of sociology topics). There is linguistic alienation, when speakers of a different language tend to feel alienated, religious alienation, which has already been described by Marx, age alienation, when people are older or younger, sexual alienation, described by Freud, etc. These sub-branches of alienation ought to described more by using accurate resources. ADM (talk) 19:40, 20 March 2009 (UTC)
Peter Bergers Alienation [ edit ]
I found a slightly different definition of alienation in Peter L. Bergers "The sacred canopy - elements of a sociological theory of religion":
"Put differently, alienation is the process whereby the dialectical relationship between the individual and his world is lost to consciousness. The individual 'forgets' that this world was and continues to be co-produced by him. Alienated consciousness is undialectical consciousness. The essential difference between the socio-cultural world and the world of nature is obscured-namely, the difference that men have made the first, but not the second (6). Inasmuch as alienated consciousness is based on this fallacy, it is a false consciousness (7)" (p. 85, paragraph 3)
I find the parts that I marked bold as the important effect of social alienation.
André Gorz, Albert Camus and Theodor Adorno, among others [ edit ]
Added on behalf on an unregistered user:
Headings [ edit ]
I'm going to make a change so it doesn't as directly revolve around Seeman's publication, but rather around proposed aspects of alienation (guided for now by his classification though) - so easier then to cover other aspects/views on it. Eversync (talk) 14:44, 4 February 2012 (UTC)
Sources [ edit ]
This section, called sources, is an External links section with another name that has grown out of control, so I have moved it out of the article into this talk page. Please see Wikipedia:External links and put only links back in that are in accordance with WP:ELYES or WP:ELNO, and please motivate why the link should be there. Thank you! Lova Falk talk 08:32, 14 February 2013 (UTC)
- Ankony, Robert C. "Community Alienation and Its Impact on Police", The Police Chief, Oct. 1999, 150--53.
- Ankony, Robert C. "The Impact of Perceived Alienation on Police Officers' Sense of Mastery and Subsequent Motivation for Proactive Enforcement." Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, vol. 22, no. 2 (1999): 120--32.
- Axelos, K. (1976) Alienation and Techne in the Thought of Karl Marx Translation by Ronald Bruzina
- Costas, J.; Fleming, P. (2009). "'Beyond dis-identification: A discursive approach to self-alienation in contemporary organizations'". Human Relations. 62 (3): 353–378.
- Ekerwald, H. (1998) 'Reflections on culture', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for alienation: Exploring diverse realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Gergen, K.G. (1996) 'Postmodern Culture and the Revisioning of Alienation', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Geyer, F. (1996) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood Press.
- Geyer, F. (1996) 'Introduction', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Geyer, F. (2002). "'The march of self-reference'". Kybernetes. 31 (7/8): 1021–1042.
- Halman, L. (1998) 'Family Patterns in Contemporary Europe: Results from the European Values Study 1990', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Hermann, D.J. (2006) Regstellende aksie, aliënasie en die nie-aangewese groep [Affirmative action, alienation and the non-designated group], Potchefstroom: Unpublished PhD Thesis at the University of the North West.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (1996) 'Tracing the growth of alienation: Enculturation socialization, and schooling in a democracy', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, Ethnicity, and Post‐modernism, London: Greenwood Press.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) (1998) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (1998a) 'Introduction', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (1998b) 'Alienation and Material Culture: Conceptions of Israeli Palestinians', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (1998c) 'Paradoxes of Adjusting to the Internet: Experiencing Alienation?', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (2006). "'Studying alienation: toward a better society?'". Kybernetes. 35 (3/4): 522–530.
- Kalekin-Fishman, D. (2008) '`False Consciousness': How `Ideology' Emerges from the Encounter of Body Practices and Hegemonic Ideas', Current Sociology, vol. 56, no. 4, Julie, p. 535–553.
- Koski, L. (1998) 'From God to Friendship: The Changing Moral Orders of Educational Stories in Finnish ABC Books', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Kutsar, D. (1998) 'Increasing Threats of Alienation in a Post-socialist Country: The Case of Estonia', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Laing, R.D. ( 1965). The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness. Baltimore: Penguin Books.
- Laing, R.D. (1967). The Politics of Experience, New York: Pantheon Books.
- Laing, R.D. (1969). Self and Others. 2nd ed. New York: Pantheon Books.
- Langman, L. (1998) 'Bakhtin the Future: Techno-capital and Cyber-feudal Carnivals', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Langman, L. (2008) 'Punk, Porn and Resistance: Carnivalization and The Body in Popular Culture', Current Sociology, vol. 56, no. 4, July, p. 657–677.
- Langman, L. and Scatamburlo, V. (1996) 'The Self Strikes Back: Identity Politics in the Postmodern Age', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Mirowski, J., Ross, C.E. and Van Willigen, M. (1996) 'Instrumentalism in the Land of Opportunity: Socioeconomic Causes and Emotional Consequences', Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 4, December, pp. 322–337.
- Mirowsky, J. and Ross, C.E. (1983) 'Paranoia and the Structure of Powerlessness', American Sociological Review, vol. 48, no. 2, April, pp. 228–239.
- Mirowsky, J. and Ross, C.E. (1990a) 'Control or Defense? Depression and the Sense of Control over Good and Bad Outcomes', Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 31, no. 1, March, pp. 71–86.
- Mirowsky, J. and Ross, C.E. (1990b) 'The Consolation-Prize Theory of Alienation', The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 95, no. 6, May, pp. 1505–1535.
- Misheva, V. (1997). "'Systems interpretation of the concept of alienation'". Kybernetes. 26 (6/7): 801–815.
- Misheva, V. (1998) 'An Enquiry into the Origins of Totalitarianism and the Feeling of Alienation', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Neal, A.G. and Collas, S.F. (2000) Intimacy and alienation: Forms of estrangement in female/male relationships, New York: Garland Publishing.
- Ollman, B. (1976) Alienation: Marx's conception of man in capitalist society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Parker, I. (2007). Revolution in Psychology: Alienation to Emancipation. New York: Pluto Press.
- Roberts, B. (1987) 'A Confirmatory Factor‐Analytic Model of Alienation', Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 50, no. 4, p. 346‐351.
- Ross, C.E. (1990) 'Religion and Psychological Distress', Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 29, no. 2, June, pp. 236–245.
- Ross, C.E. (1991) 'Marriage and the Sense of Control', Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 53, no. 4, November, pp. 831–838.
- Ross, C.E.; Mirowsky, J. (1987). "'Normlessness, powerlessness, and trouble with the law'". Criminology. 25 (2): 257–278.
- Ross, C.E. and Mirowsky, J. (1992) 'Households, Employment, and the Sense of Control', Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 55, no. 3, September, pp. 217–235.
- Ross, C.E. and Mirowsky, J. (2002) 'Age and the Gender Gap in the Sense of Personal Control', Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 65, no. 2, June, pp. 125–145.
- Ross, C.E., Mirowsky, J. and Pribesh, S. (2001) 'Powerlessness and the Amplification of Threat: Neighborhood Disadvantage, Disorder, and Mistrust', American Sociological Review, vol. 66, no. 4, August, pp. 568–591.
- Ross, C.E., Reynolds, J.R. and Geis, K.J. (2000) 'The Contingent Meaning of Neighborhood Stability for Residents' Psychological Well-Being', American Sociological Review, vol. 65, no. 4, August, pp. 581–597.
- Sartre, J.P. (1987 ). No Exit, and three other plays. Vintage International Edition. New York: Vintage Books.
- Schacht, R. (1996) 'Alienation Redux: From Here to Postmodernity', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Schweitzer, D. (1996) 'The Fetishization of Alienation: Unpacking a Problem of Science, Knowledge, and Reified Practices in the Workplace', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Seeman, M. (1959). "'On the meaning of alienation'". American Sociological Review. 24 (6): 783–791.
- Seeman, M. (1972a) 'Alienation and Knowledge-Seeking: A Note on Attitude and Action', Social Problems, vol. 20, no. 1, Summer, pp. 3–17.
- Seeman, M. (1972b) 'The Signals of '68: Alienation in Pre-Crisis France', American Sociological Review, vol. 37, no. 4, August, pp. 385–402.
- Seeman, M. (1972c) 'Alienation and engagement', in Campbell, A. and Converse, P.E. (ed.) The Human Meaning of Social Change, New York: Russell Sage.
- Seeman, M. (1983) 'Alienation Motifs in Contemporary Theorizing: The Hidden Continuity of the Classic Themes', Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 3, September, pp. 171–184.
- Seeman, M. and Evans, J.W. (1962) 'Alienation and Learning in a Hospital Setting', American Sociological Review, vol. 27, no. 6, December, pp. 772–782.
- Senekal, B.A. (2008), 'Alienation in contemporary British Fiction'
- Senekal, B.A. (2009a) 'Vervreemding in Fanie Viljoen se BreinBliksem' [Alienation in Fanie Viljoen's BreinBliksem], Stilet, vol. 21, no. 1, Maart, pp. 101–118.
- Senekal, B.A. (2009b). "Die lied van die nuwe jong Suid-Afrika": Die representasie van vervreemding in hedendaagse Afrikaanse protesmusiek ['The song of a new young South Africa': The representation of alienation in contemporary Afrikaans protest music]". Tydskrif vir Nederlands en Afrikaans. 16 (2): 53–67.
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- Senekal, B.A. (2010b) Alienation in contemporary British fiction: A discussion of four novels, Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
- Senekal, B.A. (2011). Vervreemding in die ekstreem: ŉ Oorsig oor normloosheid en sosiale isolasie in Afrikaanse ekstreme metal [Alienation in the extreme: An exploration of normlessness and social isolation in Afrikaans extreme metal], Litnet Akademies, January.
- Ulvinen, V. (1998) 'Prison life and alienation', in Kalekin-Fishman, D. (ed.) Designs for alienation: Exploring diverse realities, Finland: University of Jyväskylä.
- Vanderberghe, F. (1996) 'Post-ism or Positivism? A Comparison between Theories of Reification and Theories of Post-modernity', in Geyer, F. (ed.) Alienation, ethnicity, and postmodernism, London: Greenwood.
- Weakliem, D.L. and Borch, a.C. (2006) 'Alienation in the United States: Uniform or Group-Specific Change?', Sociological Forum, vol. 21, no. 3, September, pp. 415–428.
- Zizek, S. (1994). The Metastases of Enjoyment. London: Verso Press.
Incomprehensible [ edit ]
The first sentence of this article (see below) is incomprehensible. Where is the verb? What is Eric Fromm doing in it? Why is there a closing quotation mark but not an opening quotation mark? Please correct it.
- Alienation, a sociological concept developed by several classical and contemporary theorists, Eric Fromm, by a low degree of integration or common values and a high degree of distance or isolation between individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community or work environment."
Negative & conservative [ edit ]
There is a sentence at the end of the "Normlessness" paragraph which seems to arbitrarily attribute a "negative" connotation to non-conservative attitudes:
"These choices are not necessarily "negative": Halman's study found that Europeans remain relatively conservative morally, even though the authority of the Church and other institutions has eroded."
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Aspects of capitalism? [ edit ]
Why is it placed in this template? davronova.a. 13:04, 19 March 2018 (UTC)