This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Definitions [ edit ]
A telecommunication circuit may be defined as follows:
- The complete path between two terminals over which one-way or two-way communications may be provided.
- An electronic path between two or more points, capable of providing a single or multiple communication channels.
- An electronic closed-loop path among two or more points used for signal transfer.
In operational terms, a telecommunication circuit may be capable of transmitting information in only one direction (simplex circuit), or it may be bi-directional (duplex circuit). Bi-directional circuits may support half-duplex operation, when only one end of the channel transmits at any one time, or they may support full-duplex operation, when independent simultaneous transmission occurs in both directions.
Applications [ edit ]
Originally, telecommunication circuits transmitted analog information. Radio stations used them as studio transmitter links (STLs) or as remote pickup unit (RPU) for sound reproduction, sometimes as a backup to other means. Later lines were digital, used in pair-gain applications, such as carrier systems, or in enterprise data networks.
A leased line, private circuit, or dedicated circuit, is a circuit that is dedicated to only one use and is typically not switched at a central office. The opposite is a switched circuit, which can be connected to different paths in a switching center or telephone exchange. Plain old telephone service (POTS) and ISDN telephone lines are switched circuits.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
- Patrick D. van der Puije (2002). Telecommunication Circuit Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
|This article related to telecommunications is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|