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The "distinguish" template produces a hatnote to point out to our readers the existence of one or more articles whose title(s) is/are similar to the page in question. It is used in cases where the distinction between the titles is generally obvious and does not need further explanation.

For those cases where an explanation is required, please use the templates {{For}} and {{About}}. For use on category pages, the corresponding template is {{Category distinguish}}.


Here is an example of its standard usage (used, for purposes of this example, with the placeholder article "Foo"; the following could be placed on a theoretical article named "Foo (song)", or perhaps one named "Fou" or "Fu"):


This hatnote can be used to distinguish the topic from multiple other topics:

{{distinguish|Foo|Bar}} {{distinguish|Foo|Bar|Gaz}}

It can also be used to customize the text that will appear. You may do this using the template's |text= parameter. For example, from the Wikipedia article on Phobos (mythology), an article about a Greek god that is also the name of one of the moons of Mars, and where the word "Phoebus", quite similar to "Phobos", has an altogether different meaning. Note that for ease of understanding, terms with parenthetical disambiguation should usually be piped:

{{distinguish|text = the Martian moon [[Phobos (moon)|Phobos]], or Phoebus, an epithet of the Greek god [[Apollo]]}}

Note that a final period is automatically added at the end of the sentence, and that only one blue link is used per disambiguated topic (i.e, do not type [[epithet]] of the [[Greek]] god [[Apollo]].

It may also be appropriate to place a similar hatnote on the article for Phobos (moon) to distinguish it from the article on Phobos (mythology) and the article on Apollo, though it is probably unnecessary to place yet another hatnote on the article on Apollo, since most readers searching for "Apollo Phoebus" will get there by simply typing "Apollo" in the Wikipedia search box.

When to use

This hatnote is generally used when readers have misspelled their desired title, and the error would be apparent by simply displaying the alternative term without further explanation. For example, consider a reader looking for the punctuation mark who instead ends up at coma:


Readers are presumed to recognize that they actually wanted comma by merely looking at the spelling, and this case generally requires no further explanation.

However, {{distinguish}} is not suitable when the difference is not readily apparent without additional details. Consider a reader looking for a game they believe is named Reversi:


In the above hatnote, it is not generally apparent how the suggested Reversis is different from Reversi, which is also a game.

In this case you should use {{about}} instead of {{distinguish}}. The difference is to provide explanatation upfront without requiring the reader to click through and differentiate the terms on their own.


{{Distinguish}} should only be used when the ambiguity exists for a portion of the readership that is sufficient to warrant a hatnote. Care should be taken to avoid trivial uses.


This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly parameter usage report for this template.

TemplateData for Distinguish

A hatnote used when there is an ambiguity in an article's title.

Template parameters

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

Name of article1

Name of article that you want to link to

Page namesuggested
Optional additional article to link (2)2

Optional additional article to link

Page nameoptional
Optional additional article to link (3)3

Optional additional article to link

Page nameoptional
Optional additional article to link (4)4

Optional additional article to link

Page nameoptional
Custom texttext

Custom message in wikitext; e.g. "[[foo]] and [[bar]]" produces "Not to be confused with [[foo]] and [[bar]]."

Self referenceselfref

If set, marks note as being a self reference, to not be shown when content is reused



See also

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