Tenuis palatal click
|Tenuis palatal velar click|
|Tenuis palatal uvular click|
The voiceless or more precisely tenuis palatal click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ǂ⟩ (double-barred pipe). A stylistic variant sometimes seen is ⟨⨎⟩ (double-barred esh).
Features [ edit ]
Features of the tenuis palatal click:
- The airstream mechanism is lingual ingressive (also known as velaric ingressive), which means a pocket of air trapped between two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue, rather than being moved by the glottis or the lungs/diaphragm. The release of the forward closure produces the "click" sound. Voiced and nasal clicks have a simultaneous pulmonic egressive airstream.
- Its place of articulation is palatal, which means it is articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, unaspirated, and unglottalized, which means it is produced without vibration or constriction of the vocal cords, and any following vowel starts without significant delay.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
Occurrence [ edit ]
[ǂʰabá] = [
[ǂààʔám̀ᵑǃã̀ã̀] = [
||'to put in the mouth'|
[ǃʰomaǂã] = [ʗʰoma
[ʃiǂa] = [ʃi