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Viceroy of Yun-Gui

Map of viceroys in Qing Dynasty of China
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 雲貴總督
Simplified Chinese 云贵总督
Governor-General of Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces and the Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs and Food Production, Director of Civil Affairs

(full title)
Traditional Chinese 總督雲貴等處地方提督軍務、糧饟兼巡撫事
Simplified Chinese 总督云贵等处地方提督军务、粮饟兼巡抚事
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠶᡡᠨᠨᠠᠨ

ᡤᡠᡳᠵᡝᠣ ᡳ

ᡠᡥᡝᡵᡳ

ᡴᠠᡩᠠᠯᠠᡵᠠ

ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠨ
Romanization yūnnan guijeo i uheri kadalara amban

The Viceroy of Yun-Gui, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces and the Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs and Food Production, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty. The Viceroy controlled Yunnan and Guizhou (Kweichow) provinces.

History [ edit ]

The Viceroy of Yun-Gui was created in 1659, during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor, as a jinglue (經略; military governor) office before it was converted to a Viceroy.

In 1662, during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, the Viceroy of Yun-Gui split into the Viceroy of Yunnan and Viceroy of Guizhou, which were respectively headquartered in Qujing and Anshun. Two years later, the two viceroys were merged and the headquarters shifted to Guiyang. In 1673, the Kangxi Emperor restored the Viceroy of Yunnan, with its headquarters in Qujing. Between 1673 and 1681, the Revolt of the Three Feudatories broke out in Yunnan, Guangdong and Fujian provinces. The Viceroy of Yun-Gui was restored in 1680.

In 1728, the Yongzheng Emperor put the Viceroy of Yun-Gui in charge of Guangxi Province as well but reversed the changes in 1734. This system lasted until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1912.

Starting from 1905, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor, the Viceroy of Yun-Gui concurrently held the appointment of Provincial Governor of Yunnan.

List of Viceroys of Yun-Gui [ edit ]

# Name Portrait Start of term End of term Notes
1 Hong Chengchou

洪承疇
洪承畴.jpg 1653 1658 As Viceroy of Huguang, Liangguang and Yun-Gui
Viceroy of Yun-Gui

(1659–1662)
2 Zhao Tingchen

趙廷臣
1659 1662
Viceroy of Yunnan

(1662–1664)
3 Bian Sanyuan

卞三元
1662 1664
Viceroy of Guizhou

(1662–1664)
3 Tong Yannian

佟延年
1662 1662
4 Yang Maoxun

楊茂勛
1662 1664
Viceroy of Yun-Gui

(1665–1673)
5 Bian Sanyuan

卞三元
1665 1668
6 Gan Wenkun

甘文焜
1668 1673
Viceroy of Guizhou

(1673–1680)
7 Ošan

鄂善
1673 1677
8 Zhou Youde

周有德
Zhou Youde.jpg 1679 1680
Viceroy of Yun-Gui

(1680–1727)
9 Zhao Liangdong

趙良棟
1680 1682
10 Cai Yurong

蔡毓榮
1682 1686
11 Fan Chengxun

范承勛
1686 1694
12 Ding Sikong

丁思孔
1694 1694
13 Wang Jiwen

王繼文
1694 1698
14 Baxi

巴錫
1698 1705
15 Boihono

貝和諾
1705 1710
16 Guo Li

郭瑮
1710 1716
17 Jiang Chenxi

蔣陳錫
1716 1722
18 Zhang Wenhuan

張文煥
1720 1722
19 Gao Qizhuo

高其倬
高其倬.jpg 1722 1725
20 Iduri

伊都立
1725 1725
21 Yang Mingshi

楊名時
1725 1726
22 Ortai

鄂爾泰
鄂爾泰.jpg 1726 1727
Viceroy of Yun-Gui

(including Guangxi)

(1728–1734)
23 Ortai

鄂爾泰
鄂爾泰.jpg 1728 1731
24 Gao Qizhuo

高其倬
高其倬.jpg 1731 1733
25 Yengišan

尹繼善
尹繼善.jpg 1733 1734
Viceroy of Yun-Gui

(1734–1911)
26 Yengišan

尹繼善
尹繼善.jpg 1734 1737
Zhang Guangsi

張廣泗
1736 1747 As Viceroy of Guizhou
27 Qingfu

慶復
1737 1741
28 Zhang Yunsui

張允隨
1741 1750
29 Šose

碩色
1750 1755
30 Aibilong

愛必達
1755 1756
31 Hengwen

恆文
1756 1757
32 Aibilong

愛必達
1757 1761
33 Wu Dashan

吳達善
1761 1764
34 Liu Zao

劉藻
1764 1766
35 Yang Yingju

楊應琚
1766 1767
36 Mingrui

明瑞
1767 1768
37 Oning

鄂寧
1768 1768
38 Agui

阿桂
Agui.jpg 1768 1769
39 Mingde

明德
1769 1769
40 Asha

阿思哈
1769 1769
41 Zhangbao

彰寶
1769 1771
42 Defu

德福
1771 1771
43 Zhangbao

彰寶
1771 1774
44 Tuside

圖思德
1774 1777
45 Li Shiyao

李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 1777 1780
46 Shuchang

舒常
1780 1780
47 Fuk'anggan

福康安
Fuk'anggan.jpg 1780 1781
48 Fugang

富綱
1781 1786
49 Tecengge

特成額
1786 1786
50 Fugang

富綱
1786 1794
51 Fuk'anggan

福康安
Fuk'anggan.jpg 1794 1795
52 Lebao

勒保
1795 1797
53 Ohūi

鄂輝
鄂輝.jpg 1797 1798
54 Fugang

富綱
1798 1799
55 Gioro-Changlin

覺羅長麟
1799 1799
56 Shulin

書麟
1799 1800
57 Gioro-Langgan

覺羅琅玕
1800 1804
58 Bolin

伯麟
1804 1820
59 Qingbao

慶保
1820 1820
60 Shi Zhiguang

史致光
1820 1822
61 Mingshan

明山
1822 1824
62 Changling

長齡
1824 1825
63 Zhao Shenzhen

趙慎畛
1825 1826
64 Ruan Yuan

阮元
阮元像.JPG 1826 1835
65 Ilibu

伊里布
1835 1839
66 Deng Tingzhen

鄧廷楨
Deng Tingzhen.png 1839 1839
67 Guiliang

桂良
1839 1845
68 He Changling

賀長齡
賀長齡.jpg 1845 1847
69 Li Xingyuan

李星沅
李星沅.jpg 1847 1848
70 Lin Zexu

林則徐
Commissioner Lin 2.png 1848 1849
71 Cheng Yucai

程矞采
1849 1850
72 Wu Wenrong

吳文鎔
1850 1852
73 Wu Raodian

羅繞典
1852 1854
74 Hengchun

恆春
1854 1857
75 Wu Zhenyu

吳振棫
1857 1858
76 Zhang Liangji

張亮基
1858 1860
77 Liu Yuanhao

劉源灝
1860 1861
78 Fuqing

福清
1861 1861
79 Pan Duo

潘鐸
1861 1863
80 Lao Chongguang

勞崇光
勞崇光.jpg 1863 1867
81 Zhang Kaisong

張凱嵩
1867 1868
82 Liu Yuezhao

劉岳昭
1868 1875
83 Liu Changyou

劉長佑
1875 1882
84 Cen Yuying

岑毓英
1882 1889
Tan Junpei

譚鈞培
1889 1889 Acting Viceroy
85 Wang Wenshao

王文韶
Wang Wengshao PXD 156 Vol2.jpg 1889 1894
86 Songfan

崧蕃
1895 1900
87 Wei Guangtao

魏光燾
Wei Guangtao.jpg 1900 1902
88 Ding Zhenduo

丁振鐸
1902 1906
89 Cen Chunxuan

岑春煊
Cen Chunxuan (1).jpg 1906 1907
90 Xiliang

錫良
His Excellency Hsi Liang, Viceroy of Manchuria, Manchuria, 1882-ca. 1936 (imp-cswc-GB-237-CSWC47-LS8-046).jpg 1907 1909
91 Li Jingxi

李經羲
李經羲.jpg 1909 1911

References [ edit ]

  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).



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