Lena River watershed
|Native name||bxr,Витим мγрэн,evn,Видым|
|Region||Buryatia, Irkutsk, Sakha Republic, Zabaykalsky Krai|
|Cities||Bodaybo, Vitim, Mama, Russia|
|⁃ location||Ikat Range, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia|
|⁃ elevation||1,171 m (3,842 ft)|
|Length||1,837 km (1,141 mi)|
|Basin size||225,000 km2 (87,000 sq mi)|
|⁃ average||1,520 m3/s (54,000 cu ft/s)|
|⁃ left||Tsipa River, Muya River, Mamakan, Mama River|
|⁃ right||Kuanda, Kareng, Kalakan, Kalar, Bodaybo, Taksima|
Vitim River (Russian: Витим; Evenki: Витым, Witym; Yakut: Виитим, Viitim[local pronunciation]; Buryat and Mongolian: Витим, Vitim) is a major tributary of the Lena River. With its source east of Lake Baikal, the Vitim flows 1,978 kilometres (1,229 mi) north through the Transbaikal Mountains and the town of Bodaybo. The river peaks in June and freezes from November to May. It is navigable from the Lena to Bodaybo. Upstream, tugs can haul barges as far as the Baikal Amur Mainline (BAM), but this is becoming rare. Formerly, because of its swift current, goods were hauled 144 kilometres (89 mi) overland from Chita to a place called Romanovka. There boats were built, floated down the river, and broken up at their destination. This lasted until the late 1940s. The Vitim is an excellent place for adventure rafting, but is rarely visited because of its isolation.
Course [ edit ]
Going upstream: Vitim town where the Vitim joins the Lena. Mama and Mama Airport, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of Vitim. A muscovite mica mine from 1705 until the late 1930s. Now a small settlement. Mamakan, on a west-flowing stretch 200 kilometres (120 mi) south-southeast of Vitim. In 1961 a 86MW dam on a left tributary was completed, one of the first dams built on permafrost. Bodaybo, just upstream, a gold mining center founded in 1864. Upstream, the port of Luzhki was the start of a road to the Lena gold fields. From here upstream the river goes crookedly east and then south. About 240 kilometres (150 mi) upstream from Bodaybo are the Uronsky Rapids and after 140 kilometres (87 mi) more, the Parama Rapids. About 40 kilometres (25 mi) or so upstream, the Vitim is crossed by the Baikal Amur Mainline between Taksimo and Kuanda. Upriver there are more rapids and goldfields. South through the Stanovoy Mountains toward Chita, then west into the Vitim Plateau east of Lake Baikal.
Vitim event [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- "KNAB, the Place Names Database of EKI". Eki.ee. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- Lantzeff, George V., and Richard A. Pierce (1973). Eastward to Empire: Exploration and Conquest on the Russian Open Frontier, to 1750. Montreal: McGill-Queen's U.P.
- Yates and Zvegentzov,'Siberian BAM Guide',2001
[ edit ]