Voiceless palatal approximant
|Voiceless palatal approximant|
|IPA Number||153 402A|
|Unicode (hex)||U+006A U+030A|
The voiceless palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ j̊ ⟩, the voiceless homologue of the voiced palatal approximant.
This sound is essentially an ordinary English ⟨y⟩ (as in year) pronounced without vibration of the vocal cords. This sound is uncommon in English, although it was reported in Harold Orton's The Phonology of a South Durham Dialect.
Features [ edit ]
Features of the voiceless palatal approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is palatal, which means it is articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
Occurrence [ edit ]
|Jalapa Mazatec ||[example needed]||Contrasts voiceless /j̊/, plain voiced /j/ and glottalized voiced /ȷ̃/ approximants.|
|Scottish Gaelic ||a-muigh||[əˈmuj̊]||'outside' (directional)||Allophone of /j/ and /ʝ/. See Scottish Gaelic phonology|
|Washo||t'á:Yaŋi||[ˈťaːj̊aŋi]||'he's hunting'||Contrasts voiceless /j̊/ and voiced /j/ approximants.|
Notes [ edit ]
- Orton 2015, see phonetic symbols in introduction
- Silverman et al. (1995), p. 83.
- Bauer, Michael. "Final devoicing or Why does naoidh sound like Nɯiç?". Akerbeltz. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
References [ edit ]
- Orton, Harold (2015-07-03) , The Phonology of a South Durham Dialect: Descriptive, Historical, and Comparative, Routledge
- Silverman, Daniel; Blankenship, Barbara; Kirk, Paul; Ladefoged, Peter (1995), "Phonetic Structures in Jalapa Mazatec", Anthropological Linguistics, The Trustees of Indiana University, 37 (1): 70–88, JSTOR 30028043