William Gordon Cameron

Sir William Gordon Cameron
William Gordon Cameron.jpg
Born 16 October 1827

Kingdom of France
Died 2 March 1913 (aged 85)

Christchurch, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1844–1896
Rank General
Commands held Northern District

Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements

Cape Colony
Battles/wars Crimean War (1854-56)

Abyssinian Expedition (1867-68)
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Relations Helen Colebrook Mary Cameron (wife)

Colonel Aylmer Cameron VC (brother)

GeneralSir William Gordon CameronGCB (Chinese translated Name: 金馬倫; 16 October 1827 – 2 March 1913) was a British soldier and colonial administrator.

Military career [ edit ]

William Gordon Cameron was commissioned into the 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot in 1844.[1][2] He transferred to the Grenadier Guards in 1847.[1] In 1854 he was deployed to the Crimean War and took part in the Battle of Alma.[1] He was appointed Commanding Officer of 3rd Regiment of the British German Legion in 1855.[1]

In 1867 he became Commanding Officer of 1st Battalion 4th King's Own Royal Regiment and led the capture of Magdala during the British Expedition to Abyssinia.[1]

In 1875, he became commander of a brigade at Gibraltar and in 1875 of a brigade at Aldershot.[1] In April 1881 he was appointed General Officer Commanding Northern District.[1] Then in 1884 he became Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements.[1] He governed Hong Kong in a period between April 1887 to October 1887.[3]

He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 5th (West Middlesex) Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps in 1880.[4]

From January 1891 to December 1892 and then again in May to July 1894 he was Administrator of the Cape Colony.[5] He retired in 1895.[1]

Family [ edit ]

General Sir William Gordon Cameron was the son of Lieutenant-Colonel William Gordon Cameron J.P. (1790-1856) and his wife Caroline née Edwards (1801-1872), and the elder brother of Colonel Aylmer Cameron VC, who won the Victoria Cross in 1858 during the Indian Mutiny.[6]

He married Helen Colebrooke Mary, daughter of General Sir John Hunter Littler, GCB on the 20 January 1857 in the Church of the Holy Trinity, Buckfastleigh, Devon, England.[7]

Memory [ edit ]

Several places in Hong Kong were named after Cameron: Cameron Road and Cameron Lane in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, as well as Mount Cameron and Mount Cameron Road.[8]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i DNW Medal Auction, 30 June 1994. Retrieved 16 February 2020
  2. ^ "King's Own Museum". Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  3. ^ Legislative Council Order No.38 Retrieved 16 February 2020
  4. ^ "No. 24893". The London Gazette. 19 October 1880. p. 5327.
  5. ^ Cape Colony Administrators
  6. ^ Obituary of Aylmer Cameron. The Times, 12 June 1909, page 11.
  7. ^ Walford, Edward. The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.
  8. ^ Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9789622099449.
Military offices
Preceded by

George Willis
GOC Northern District

Succeeded by

Frederick Willis
Preceded by

John Sargent
Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong

and the Straits Settlements

Succeeded by

Sir James Edwards
Government offices
Preceded by

Acting Administrator William H. Marsh
Administrator of Hong Kong

April–October 1887
Succeeded by

Sir William Des Vœux
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