Wikipedia

World Happiness Report

The World Happiness Report is an annual publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network. It contains articles, and rankings of national happiness based on respondent ratings of their own lives,[1] which the report also correlates with various life factors.[2] As of March 2019, Finland was ranked the happiest country in the world three times in a row.[3][4]

The Editors of the report are John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard, Jeffrey D. Sachs, and Jan-Emmanuel De Neve. Associate Editors are Lara B. Aknin, Shun Wang, and Haifang Huang.

History [ edit ]

In July 2011, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 65/309 Happiness: Towards a Holistic Definition of Development[5] inviting member countries to measure the happiness of their people and to use the data to help guide public policy. On April 2, 2012, this was followed by the first UN High Level Meeting called Wellbeing and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[6] which was chaired by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and Prime Minister Jigme Thinley of Bhutan, a nation that adopted gross national happiness instead of gross domestic product as their main development indicator.[7]

The first World Happiness Report was released on April 1, 2012 as a foundational text for the UN High Level Meeting: Well-being and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[8] drawing international attention.[9] The report outlined the state of world happiness, causes of happiness and misery, and policy implications highlighted by case studies. In 2013, the second World Happiness Report was issued, and since then has been issued on an annual basis with the exception of 2014.[10] The report primarily uses data from the Gallup World Poll. Each annual report is available to the public to download on the World Happiness Report website.[11]

Methods and philosophy [ edit ]

The rankings of national happiness are based on a Cantril ladder survey. Nationally representative samples of respondents are asked to think of a ladder, with the best possible life for them being a 10, and the worst possible life being a 0. They are then asked to rate their own current lives on that 0 to 10 scale.[12] The report correlates the results with various life factors.[2]

In the reports, experts in fields including economics, psychology, survey analysis, and national statistics, describe how measurements of well-being can be used effectively to assess the progress of nations, and other topics. Each report is organized by chapters that delve deeper into issues relating to happiness, including mental illness, the objective benefits of happiness, the importance of ethics, policy implications, and links with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) approach to measuring subjective well-being and other international and national efforts.

Annual report topics [ edit ]

World Happiness Reports were issued in 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 (an update), 2017 and 2018. In addition to ranking countries happiness and well-being levels, each report has contributing authors and most focus on a subject. The data used to rank countries in each report is drawn from the Gallup World Poll,[13] as well as other sources such as the World Values Survey, in some of the reports. The Gallup World Poll questionnaire[14] measures 14 areas within its core questions: (1) business & economic, (2) citizen engagement, (3) communications & technology, (4) diversity (social issues), (5) education & families, (6) emotions (well-being), (7) environment & energy, (8) food & shelter, (9) government and politics, (10) law & order (safety), (11) health, (12) religion & ethics, (13) transportation, and (14) work.

2019 World Happiness Report [ edit ]

The 2018 iteration was released on 20 March and focused on the relation between happiness and migration. According to the 2019 Happiness Report, Finland is the happiest country in the world,[15] with Denmark, Norway, Iceland, and The Netherlands holding the next top positions. The World Happiness Report 2018 ranks 156 countries by their happiness levels, and 117 countries by the happiness of their immigrants. The main focus of this year's report, in addition to its usual ranking of the levels and changes in happiness around the world, is on migration within and between countries. The overall rankings of country happiness are based on the pooled results from Gallup World Poll surveys from 2015–2017, and show both change and stability. Four countries have held the top spot in the last four reports: Denmark, Switzerland, Norway and now Finland. All the top countries tend to have high values for all six of the key variables that have been found to support well-being: income, healthy life expectancy, social support, freedom, trust and generosity. Among the top countries, differences are small enough that year-to-year changes in the rankings are to be expected.

The analysis of happiness changes from 2008–2015 shows Togo as the biggest gainer, moving up 17 places in the overall rankings from 2015. The biggest loser is Venezuela, down 2.2 points. Five of the report's seven chapters deal primarily with migration, as summarized in Chapter 1. For both domestic and international migrants, the report studies the happiness of those migrants and their host communities, and also of those in the countryside or in the country of origin. The results are generally positive. Perhaps the most striking finding of the whole report is that a ranking of countries according to the happiness of their immigrant populations is almost exactly the same as for the rest of the population. The immigrant happiness rankings are based on the full span of Gallup data from 2005 to 2017, sufficient to have 117 countries with more than 100 immigrant respondents. The ten happiest countries in the overall rankings also make up ten of the top eleven spots in the ranking of immigrant happiness. Finland is at the top of both rankings in this report, with the happiest immigrants, and the happiest population in general. While convergence to local happiness levels is quite rapid, it is not complete, as there is a ‘footprint' effect based on the happiness in each source country. This effect ranges from 10% to 25%. This footprint effect explains why immigrant happiness is less than that of the locals in the happiest countries, while being greater in the least happy countries.

2016 World Happiness Report [ edit ]

Descriptions

The 2016 World Happiness Report -Rome Addition was issued in two parts as an update. Part one had four chapters: (1) Setting the Stage, (2) The Distribution of World Happiness, (3) Promoting Secular Ethics, and (4) Happiness and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence. Part two has six chapters: (1) Inside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox, (2) Human Flourishing, the Common Good, and Catholic Social Teaching, (3) The Challenges of Public Happiness: An Historical-Methodological Reconstruction, (4) The Geography of Parenthood and Well-Being: Do Children Make Us Happy, Where and Why?, and (5) Multidimensional Well-Being in Contemporary Europe: An Analysis of the Use of a Self-Organizing Map Applied to Share Data.

Chapter 1, Setting the Stage is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard, and Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter briefly surveys the happiness movement ("Increasingly, happiness is considered to be the proper measure of social progress and the goal of public policy.") gives an overview of the 2016 reports and synopsis of both parts of the 2016 Update Rome Addition.

Chapter 2, The Distribution of World Happiness is written by John F. Helliwell, Hailing Huang, and Shun Wang. This chapter reports happiness levels of countries and proposes the use of inequalities of happiness among individuals as a better measure for inequality than income inequality, and that all people in a population fare better in terms of happiness when there is less inequality in happiness in their region. It includes data from the World Health Organization and World Development Indicators, as well as Gallup World Poll. It debunks the notion that people rapidly adapt to changes in life circumstances and quickly return to an initial life satisfaction baseline, finding instead that changes in life circumstances such as government policies, major life events (unemployment, major disability) and immigration change people's baseline life satisfaction levels. This chapter also addresses the measure for affect (feelings), finding that positive affect (happiness, laughter, enjoyment) has much "large and highly significant impact" on life satisfaction than negative affect (worry, sadness, anger). The chapter also examines differences in happiness levels explained by the factors of (1) social support, (2) income, (3) healthy life, (4) trust in government and business, (5) perceived freedom to make life decisions and (6) generosity.

Chapter 3, Promoting Secular Ethics is written by Richard Layard, This chapter argues for a revival of an ethical life and world, harkening to times when religious organizations were a dominant force. It calls on secular non-profit organizations to promote "ethical living in a way that provides inspiration, uplift, joy and mutual respect", and gives examples of implementation by a non-profit founded by Richard Layard,[16] the chapter author, Action for Happiness, which offers online information from positive psychology and Buddhist teachings.

Chapter 4, Happiness and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence is written by Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter identifies ways that sustainable development indicators (economic, social and environmental factors) can be used to explain variations in happiness. It concludes with a report about an appeal to include subjective well-being indicators into the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Part Two 2016 Special Rome Edition was edited by Jeffrey Sacks, Leonardo Becchetti and Anthony Arnett.

Chapter 1, Inside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox is written by Leonardo Becchetti, Luisa Carrado,[17] and Paolo Sama. This chapter proposes using quality of life measurements (a broader range of variables that life evaluation) in lieu of or in addition to overall life evaluations in future World Happiness Reports.

Chapter 2, Human Flourishing, the Common Good, and Catholic Social Teaching is written by Anthony Annett. This chapter contains explanations for three theories: (1) It is human nature to broadly define happiness and understand the connection between happiness and the common good, (2) that the current understanding of individuality is stripped of ties to the common good, and (3) that there is a need to restore the common good as central value for society. The chapter also proposes Catholic school teachings as a model for restoring the common good as a dominant value.

Chapter 3, The Challenges of Public Happiness: An Historical-Methodological Reconstruction is written by Luigino Bruni and Stefano Zemagni. This chapter contemplates Aristotelian concepts of happiness and virtue as they pertain to and support the findings in the World Happiness Reports regarding the impact of social support, trust in government, and equality of happiness.

Chapter 4, The Geography of Parenthood and Well-Being. Do Children Make Us Happy, Where and Why? is written by Luca Stanca.[18] This chapter examines other research findings that children do not add happiness to parents. Using data from the World Values Survey, it finds that, with the exception of widowed parents, having children has a negative effect on life satisfaction for parents in 2/3 of the 105 countries studied, with parents in richer countries suffering more. Once parents are old, life satisfaction increases. The chapter concludes that "existing evidence is not conclusive" and a statement that the causes for the low life satisfaction levels may be that for richer countries, having children is valued less, and in poorer countries, people suffer in financial and time costs when they have children.

Chapter 5, Multidimensional Well-Being in Contemporary Europe: Analysis of the Use of Self-Organizing Map Allied to SHARE Data is written by Mario Lucchini, Luca Crivelli[19] and Sara della Bella. This chapter contains a study of well-being data from older European adults. It finds that this chapter's study results were consistent with the World Happiness Report 2016 update: positive affect (feelings) have a stronger impact on a person's satisfaction with life than do negative affect (feelings).

2015 World Happiness Report [ edit ]

Descriptions

The 2015 World Happiness Report has eight chapters: (1) Setting the Stage, (2) The Geography of World Happiness, (3) How Does Subjective Well-being Vary Around the World by Gender and Age?, (4) How to Make Policy When Happiness is the Goal, (5) Neuroscience of Happiness, (6) Healthy Young Minds Transforming the Mental Health of Children, (7) Human Values, Civil Economy, and Subjective Well-being, and (8) Investing in Social Capital.

Chapter 1, Setting the Stage is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter celebrates the success of the happiness movement ("Happiness is increasingly considered a proper means of social progress and public policy."), citing the OECD Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being, a referendum in the EU requiring member nations to measure happiness, and the success of the World Happiness reports (with readership at about 1.5 million), and the adoption of happiness by the government of the United Arab Emirates, and other areas. It sets an aspiration of the inclusion of subjective well-being into the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (not fulfilled), and outlines the 2015 report. It also address the use of the term Happiness, identifying the cons (narrowness of the term, breath of the term, flakiness), and defining the use of the term for the reasons that the 2011 UN General Assembly Resolution 65/309 Happiness Towards A Holistic Approach to Development[20] and April 2012 UN High Level Meeting: Well-being and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[21] Bhutan's Gross National Happiness[22] philosophy, the term's "convening and attention attracting power", and the asset in a "double usage of happiness" as an emotional report and life evaluation.

Chapter 2, The Geography of Happiness is written by John F. Helliwell, Hailing Huang and Shun Wang. This chapter reports the happiness of nations measured by life evaluations. It includes color coded maps and an analysis of six factors the account for the differences: (1) social support in terms of someone to count on in times of need, (2) GDP per capita (income), (3) life expectancy (in terms of healthy years), (4) sense of corruption in government and business (trust), (5) perceived freedom to make life decisions, and (6) generosity. The first three factors were found to have the biggest impact on a population's happiness. Crisis (natural disasters and economic crisis) the quality of governance, and social support were found to be the key drivers for changes in national happiness levels, with the happiness of nations undergoing a crisis in which people have a strong sense of social support falling less than nations where people do not have a strong sense of social support.

Chapter 3, How Does Subjective Well-being Vary Around the Globe by Gender and Age? is written by Nicole Fortin, John F. Helliwell and Shun Wang. This chapter uses data for 12 experiences: happiness (the emotion), smiling or laughing, enjoyment, feeling safe at night, feeling well rested, and feeling interested, as well as anger, worry, sadness, depression, stress and pain to examine differences by gender and age. Findings reported include that there is not a lot of difference in life evaluations between men and women across nations or within ages in a nation (women have slightly higher life evaluations than men: 0.09 on a ten-point scale). It reports that overall happiness falls into a U shape with age on the x axis and happiness on the y, with the low point being middle age (45-50) for most nations (in some happiness does not go up much in later life, so the shape is more of a downhill slide), and that the U shape holds for feeling well rested in all regions. If finds that that men generally feel safer at night than women but, when comparing countries, people in Latin America have the lowest sense of safety at night, while people in East Asia and Western Europe have the highest sense of safety at night. It also finds that as women age their sense of happiness declines and stress increases but worry decreases, as all people age their laughter, enjoyment and finding something of interest also declines, that anger is felt everywhere almost equally by men and women, stress peaks in the Middle Ages, and women experience depression more than men. It finds that where older people are happier, there is a sense of social support, freedom to make life choices and generosity (and income does not factor in as heavily as these three factors).

Chapter 4, How to Make Policy When Happiness is the Goal is written by Richard Layard and Gus O'Donnell. This chapter advocates for a "new form of cost-benefit analysis" for government expenditures in which a "critical level of extra happiness" yielded by a project is established. It contemplates the prioritization of increasing happiness of the happy vs. reducing misery of the miserable, as well as the issues of discount rate (weight) for the happiness of future generations. It includes a technical annex with equations for calculating the maximization for happiness in public expenditure, tax policy, regulations, the distribution of happiness and a discount rate.

Chapter 5, Neuroscience of Happiness is written by Richard J. Dawson and Brianna S. Schuyler. This chapter reports on research in brain science and happiness, identifying four aspects that account for happiness: (1) sustained positive emotion, (2) recovery of negative emotion (resilience), (3) empathy, altruism and pro-social behavior, and (4) mindfulness (mind-wandering/affective sickness). It concludes that the brain's elasticity indicates that one can change one's sense of happiness and life satisfaction (separate but overlapping positive consequences) levels by experiencing and practicing mindfulness, kindness, and generosity; and calls for more research on these topics.

Chapter 6, Healthy Young Minds: Transforming the Mental Health of Children is written by Richard Layard and Ann Hagell.[23] This chapter identifies emotional development as of primary importance, (compared to academic and behavioral factors) in a child's development and determination of whether a child will be a happy and well-functioning adult. It then focuses on the issue of mental illness in children, citing the statistic that while worldwide 10% of the world's children (approximately 200 million) suffer from diagnosable mental health problems, even in the richest nations, only one quarter of these children of them are in treatment. It identifies the action steps to treating children with mental health problems: local community-lead child well-being programs, training health care professions to identify mental health problems in children, parity of esteem for mental and physical problems and treatment, access to evidence-based mental health treatment for families and children, promotion of well-being in schools with well-being codes that inform the organizational behavior of schools, training teachers to identify mental health in children, teachings of life skills, measuring of children's well-being by schools, development of free apps available internationally to treat mental illness in teens, and inclusion of mental health with the goal of physical health in the Sustainable Development goals. The chapter lists the benefits of treating children's mental health: improved educational performance, reduction in youth crimes, improved earnings and employment in adulthood, and better parenting of the next generation.

Chapter 7, Human Values, Civil Economy and Subjective Well-being is written by Leonardo Bechhetti,[24] Luigino Bruni and Stefano Zamagni. This chapter begins with a critique of the field of economics ("Economics today looks like physics before the discovery of electrons"), identifying reductionism in which humans are conceived of as 100% self-interested individuals (economic reductionism), profit maximization is prioritized over all other interests (corporate reductionism), and societal values are narrowly identified with GDP and ignore environmental, cultural, spiritual and relational aspects (value reductionism). The chapter them focuses on a theoretical approach termed "Civil Economy paradigm", and research about it demonstrating that going beyond reductionism leads to greater socialization for people and communities, and a rise in priority of the values of reciprocity, friendship, trustworthiness, and benevolence. It makes the argument that positive social relationships (trust, benevolence, shared social identities) yield happiness and positive economic outcomes. It ends with recommendations for move from the dominant model of elite-competitive democracy to a participatory/deliberative model of democracy with bottom-up political and economic participation and incentives for non-selfish actions (altruistic people) and corporations with wider goals than pure profit (ethical and environmentally responsible corporations).

Chapter 8, Investing in Social Capital is written by Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter focuses on "pro-sociality" ("individuals making decisions for the common good that may conflict with short-run egoistic incentives"). It identifies pro-social behaviors: honesty, benevolence, cooperation and trustworthiness. It recommends investment in social capital through education, moral instruction, professional codes of conduct, public censure and condemnation of violators of public trust, and public policies to narrow income inequalities for countries where there is generalized distrust of government and business, pervasive corruption and lawless behavior (such as tax evasion).



2013 World Happiness Report [ edit ]

Descriptions

The 2013 World Happiness Report has eight chapters: (1) Introduction, (2) World Happiness: Trends, Explanations and Distribution, (3) Mental Illness and Unhappiness, (4) The Objective Benefits of Subjective Well-being, (5) Restoring Virtue Ethics in the Quest for Happiness, (6) Using Well-being as a Guide to Policy, (7) The OECD Approach to Measuring Subjective Well-being, and (8) From Capabilities to Contentment: Testing the Links between Human Development and Life Satisfaction.

Chapter 1, Introduction is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. It synopsizes the chapters and gives a discussion of the term happiness.

Chapter 2, World Happiness: Trends, Explanations and Distributions is written by John F. Helliwell and Shun Wang. It provides ratings among countries and regions for satisfaction with life using the Cantril Ladder, positive and negative affect (emotions), and log of GDP per capita, years of healthy life expectancy, having someone to count on in times of trouble, perceptions of corruption, prevalence of generosity, and freedom to make life choices.

Chapter 3, Mental Illness and Unhappiness is written by Richard Layard, Dan Chisholm, Vikram Patel, and Shekhar Saxel. It identifies the far ranging prevalence of mental illness around the world (10% of the world's population at one time) and provides the evidence showing that "mental illness is a highly influential - and...the single biggest - determinant of misery". It concludes with examples of interventions implemented by countries around the world.

Chapter 4, The Objective Benefits of Subjective Well-being is written by Jan-Emmanuel de Neve, Ed Diener, Louis Tay and Cody Xuereb. It provides an explanation of the benefits of subjective well-being (happiness) on health & longevity, income, productivity & organizational behavior, and individual & social behavior. It touches on the role of happiness in human evolution through rewarding behaviors that increase evolutionary success and beneficial to survival.

Chapter 5, Restoring Virtue Ethics in the Quest for Happiness is written by Jeffrey Sachs. It argues that "a renewed focus on the role of ethics, and in particular of virtuous behavior, in happiness could lead us to new and effective strategies for raising individual, national and global well-being", looking to the eightfold noble path (the teachings of the dharma handed down in the Buddhist tradition that encompass wise view/understanding, wise intention, wise speech, wise action, wise livelihood, and effort, concentration and mindfulness), Aristotelian philosophy (people are social animals, "with individual happiness secured only within a political community...[which] should organize its institutions to promote virtuous behavior), and Christian doctrine of St. Thomas Aquinas ("placing happiness in the context of servicing God's will"). It gives an explanation of the evolution of the field of economics up t the "failures of hyper-commercialism" and suggests an antidote based on four global ethical values: (1) non-violence and respect for life, (2) justice and solidarity, (3) honesty and tolerance, and (4) mutual esteem and partnership.

Chapter 6, Using Well-being as Guide to Public Policy is written by Gus O'Donnell. This chapter gives a status report on the issues governments grapple with in adopting well-being and happiness measures and goals for policy, from understanding the data or establishing whether a specific policy improves well-being, to figuring out how to "incorporate well-being into standard policy making". It provides examples of efforts to measure happiness and well-being from Bhutan, New Zealand, South Africa, the UK, and cities and communities in the US, Canada, Australia and Tasmania. It identifies the key policy areas of health, transport and education for policy makers to focus on and includes discussions about interpersonal comparability (concentrating on "getting people out of misery" instead of making happy people happier), discount rate (do we invest more in happiness for people today or in the future?) and putting a monetary value on happiness for policy trade off decisions (e.g. If "a 10% reduction in noise increase SWB by one unit, then we can infer that a 10% reduction is "worth" $1,000" when $1,000 would increase a person's SWB by one unit).

Chapter 7, The OECD Approach to Measuring Subjective Well-being is written by Martine Durand and Conal Smith. This chapter was written the same year the OECD issued its Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being,[25] and is a synopsis of such. It includes a definition for subjective well-being: life evaluation (a person's reflection on their life and life circumstances), affect (positive and negative emotions) and eudaimonia; core measures, a discussion on data collection processes, survey and sample design, other aspects of using subjective well-being metrics, and ideas on how policy-makers can use subjective well-being data. It surveys the status of wealthy countries subjective well-being data collection process, and identifies future directions of experimentation and better income measures, citing the Easterlin Paradox as the basis for this call.

Chapter 8, From Capabilities to Contentment: Testing the Links between Human Development and Life Satisfaction is written by Jon Hall.[26] This chapter explains the components of human development using objective metrics: (1) education, health and command over income and nutrition resources, (2) participation and freedom, (3) human security, (4) equity, and (5) sustainability; key findings of the Human Development Index (HDI) ("weak relationship between economic growth and changes in health and education" as well as life expectancy), and examines the relationship between the HDI and happiness, finding that (1) components of the HDI "correlate strongly with better life evaluations", and (2) there is a strong relationship between life evaluation and the "non-income HDI". It contemplates measurement of conditions of life beyond the HDI that are important to well-being: (1) better working conditions, (2) security against crime and physical violence, (3) participation in economic and political activities, (4) freedom and (5) inequality. The concludes with the statements that the HDI and SWB have similar approaches and importantly connected, with the two disciplines offering alternative and complementary views of development.

2012 World Happiness Report [ edit ]

Descriptions

The 2012 World Happiness Report was issued at the UN High Level Meeting Well-being and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm[27] by editors John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. Part one has an introduction (chapter 1) and three chapters: (2) the State of World Happiness, (3) Causes of Happiness and Misery, Some Policy Implications. Part two has three chapters, each a case study, of Bhutan, the United Kingdom Office of National Statistics, and the OECD.

Chapter 1, The Introduction is by Jeffrey Sachs and references Buddha and Aristotle, identifies today's era as the anthropocene, and identifies the reasons GDP is not a sufficient measure to guide governments and society.

Chapter 2, The State of World Happiness, is written by John F. Helliwell and Shun Wang,[28] and contains a discussion of subjective well-being measures that ranges from the validity of subjective well-being measures to the seriousness of happiness, happiness set points and cultural comparisons, and it includes data from the Gallup World Poll, European Social Survey, and the World Values Survey.[29]

Chapter 3, The Causes of Happiness and Misery is written by Richard Layard, Andrew Clark,[30] and Claudia Senik,[31] and contemplates research on the impact on happiness of the external factors of income, work, community and governance, values and religion, as well as the internal factors of mental health, physical health, family experience, education, and gender and age.

Chapter 4, Some Policy Implications, written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs, calls for a greater understanding on how governments can measure happiness, the determinants of happiness, and use of happiness data and findings about determinants for policy purposes. It also highlights the role of GDP ("GDP is important but not all that is important") as a guide to policy makers, the importance that policy makers should place on providing opportunities for employment; the role of happiness in policy making ("Making happiness an objective of governments would not therefore lead to the "servile society", and indeed quite the contrary...Happiness comes from an opportunity to mold one's own future, and thus depends on a robust level of freedom."); the role of values and religion ("In well-functioning societies there is widespread support for the universal value that we should treat others as we would like them to treat us. We need to cultivate social norms so that the rich and powerful are never given a feeling of impunity vis-à-vis the rest of society."); calls for wider access to psychological therapies in a section on mental health citing the fact that one third of all families are affected by mental illness; identifies improvements in physical health as "probably the single most important factor that has improved human happiness" and calls out the rich-poor gap in health care between rich and poor countries; calls on workplace and governmental policies that encourage work-life balance and reduce stress, including family support and child care; and states that "Universal access to education is widely judged to be a basic human right..." The chapter concludes with a philosophical discussion.

Chapter 5, Case Study: Bhutan Gross National Happiness and the GNH Index is written by Karma Ura,[32] Sabine Alkire,[33] and Tsoki Zangmo. It gives a short history of the development of the Gross National Happiness (GNH) concept in Bhutan, and an explanation of the GNH index, data collection and data analysis process, including the rating methodology to determine if an individual experiences happiness sufficiency levels, as well as the policy and lifestyle implications

Chapter 6, Case Study: ONS Measuring Subjective Well-being: The UK Office of National Statistics Experience is written by Stephen Hicks. It covers the basis for the creation of the Measuring National Well-being Programme[34] in the UK's Office of National Statistics[35] (ONS), and the development of their methodology for measuring well-being.

Chapter 5, Case Study OECD Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being is an explanation about the process and rationale the OECD was undertaking to develop its Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being,[36] which it issued in 2013.

International rankings [ edit ]

Data is collected from people in over 150 countries. Each variable measured reveals a populated-weighted average score on a scale running from 0 to 10 that is tracked over time and compared against other countries. These variables currently include: real GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perceptions of corruption. Each country is also compared against a hypothetical nation called Dystopia. Dystopia represents the lowest national averages for each key variable and is, along with residual error, used as a regression benchmark.

2019 report [ edit ]

The 2019 report features the happiness score averaged over the years 2016-2018. As per the 2019 Happiness Index, Finland is the happiest country in the world. Denmark, Norway, Iceland and Netherlands hold the next top positions. The report was published on 20 March 2019 by UN. The full report can be read at 2019 Report. The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness.

Overall rank Country or region Score GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Perceptions of corruption
1   Finland 7.769 1.340 1.587 0.986 0.596 0.153 0.393
2   Denmark 7.600 1.383 1.573 0.996 0.592 0.252 0.410
3   Norway 7.554 1.488 1.582 1.028 0.603 0.271 0.341
4   Iceland 7.494 1.380 1.624 1.026 0.591 0.354 0.118
5   Netherlands 7.488 1.396 1.522 0.999 0.557 0.322 0.298
6    Switzerland 7.480 1.452 1.526 1.052 0.572 0.263 0.343
7   Sweden 7.343 1.387 1.487 1.009 0.574 0.267 0.373
8   New Zealand 7.307 1.303 1.557 1.026 0.585 0.330 0.380
9   Canada 7.278 1.365 1.505 1.039 0.584 0.285 0.308
10   Austria 7.246 1.376 1.475 1.016 0.532 0.244 0.226
11   Australia 7.228 1.372 1.548 1.036 0.557 0.332 0.290
12   Costa Rica 7.167 1.034 1.441 0.963 0.558 0.144 0.093
13   Israel 7.139 1.276 1.455 1.029 0.371 0.261 0.082
14   Luxembourg 7.090 1.609 1.479 1.012 0.526 0.194 0.316
15   United Kingdom 7.054 1.333 1.538 0.996 0.450 0.348 0.278
16   Ireland 7.021 1.499 1.553 0.999 0.516 0.298 0.310
17   Germany 6.985 1.373 1.454 0.987 0.495 0.261 0.265
18   Belgium 6.923 1.356 1.504 0.986 0.473 0.160 0.210
19   United States of America 6.892 1.433 1.457 0.874 0.454 0.280 0.128
20   Czech Republic 6.852 1.269 1.487 0.920 0.457 0.046 0.036
21   United Arab Emirates 6.825 1.503 1.310 0.825 0.598 0.262 0.182
22   Malta 6.726 1.300 1.520 0.999 0.564 0.375 0.151
23   Mexico 6.595 1.070 1.323 0.861 0.433 0.074 0.073
24   France 6.592 1.324 1.472 1.045 0.436 0.111 0.183
25   Taiwan 6.446 1.368 1.430 0.914 0.351 0.242 0.097
26   Chile 6.444 1.159 1.369 0.920 0.357 0.187 0.056
27   Guatemala 6.436 0.800 1.269 0.746 0.535 0.175 0.078
28   Saudi Arabia 6.375 1.403 1.357 0.795 0.439 0.080 0.132
29   Qatar 6.374 1.684 1.313 0.871 0.555 0.220 0.167
30   Spain 6.354 1.286 1.484 1.062 0.362 0.153 0.079
31   Panama 6.321 1.149 1.442 0.910 0.516 0.109 0.054
32   Brazil 6.300 1.004 1.439 0.802 0.390 0.099 0.086
33   Uruguay 6.293 1.124 1.465 0.891 0.523 0.127 0.150
34   Singapore 6.262 1.572 1.463 1.141 0.556 0.271 0.453
35   El Salvador 6.253 0.794 1.242 0.789 0.430 0.093 0.074
36   Italy 6.223 1.294 1.488 1.039 0.231 0.158 0.030
37   Bahrain 6.199 1.362 1.368 0.871 0.536 0.255 0.110
38   Slovakia 6.198 1.246 1.504 0.881 0.334 0.121 0.014
39   Trinidad & Tobago 6.192 1.231 1.477 0.713 0.489 0.185 0.016
40   Poland 6.182 1.206 1.438 0.884 0.483 0.117 0.050
41   Uzbekistan 6.174 0.745 1.529 0.756 0.631 0.322 0.240
42   Lithuania 6.149 1.238 1.515 0.818 0.291 0.043 0.042
43   Colombia 6.125 0.985 1.410 0.841 0.470 0.099 0.034
44   Slovenia 6.118 1.258 1.523 0.953 0.564 0.144 0.057
45   Nicaragua 6.105 0.694 1.325 0.835 0.435 0.200 0.127
46   Kosovo 6.100 0.882 1.232 0.758 0.489 0.262 0.006
47   Argentina 6.086 1.092 1.432 0.881 0.471 0.066 0.050
48   Romania 6.070 1.162 1.232 0.825 0.462 0.083 0.005
49   Cyprus 6.046 1.263 1.223 1.042 0.406 0.190 0.041
50   Ecuador 6.028 0.912 1.312 0.868 0.498 0.126 0.087
51   Kuwait 6.011 1.050 1.409 0.828 0.557 0.359 0.028
52   Thailand 6.008 1.050 1.409 0.828 0.557 0.359 0.028
53   Latvia 5.940 1.187 1.465 0.812 0.264 0.075 0.064
54   South Korea 5.895 1.301 1.219 1.036 0.159 0.175 0.056
55   Estonia 5.893 1.237 1.528 0.874 0.495 0.103 0.161
56   Jamaica 5.890 0.831 1.478 0.831 0.490 0.107 0.028
57   Mauritius 5.888 1.120 1.402 0.798 0.498 0.215 0.060
58   Japan 5.886 1.327 1.419 1.088 0.445 0.069 0.140
59   Honduras 5.860 0.642 1.236 0.828 0.507 0.246 0.078
60   Kazakhstan 5.809 1.173 1.508 0.729 0.410 0.146 0.096
61   Bolivia 5.779 0.776 1.209 0.706 0.511 0.137 0.064
62   Hungary 5.758 1.201 1.410 0.828 0.199 0.081 0.020
63   Paraguay 5.743 0.855 1.475 0.777 0.514 0.184 0.080
64   Northern Cyprus 5.718 1.263 1.252 1.042 0.417 0.191 0.162
65   Peru 5.697 0.960 1.274 0.854 0.455 0.083 0.027
66   Portugal 5.693 1.221 1.431 0.999 0.508 0.047 0.025
67   Pakistan 5.653 0.677 0.886 0.535 0.313 0.220 0.098
68   Russia 5.648 1.183 1.452 0.726 0.334 0.082 0.031
69   Philippines 5.631 0.807 1.293 0.657 0.558 0.117 0.107
70   Serbia 5.603 1.004 1.383 0.854 0.282 0.137 0.039
71   Moldova 5.529 0.685 1.328 0.739 0.245 0.181 0.000
72   Libya 5.525 1.044 1.303 0.673 0.416 0.133 0.152
73   Montenegro 5.523 1.051 1.361 0.871 0.197 0.142 0.080
74   Tajikistan 5.467 0.493 1.098 0.718 0.389 0.230 0.144
75   Croatia 5.432 1.155 1.266 0.914 0.296 0.119 0.022
76   Hong Kong 5.430 1.438 1.277 1.122 0.440 0.258 0.287
77   Dominican Republic 5.425 1.015 1.401 0.779 0.497 0.113 0.101
78   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.386 0.945 1.212 0.845 0.212 0.263 0.006
79   Turkey 5.373 1.183 1.360 0.808 0.195 0.083 0.106
80   Malaysia 5.339 1.221 1.171 0.828 0.508 0.260 0.024
81   Belarus 5.323 1.067 1.465 0.789 0.235 0.094 0.142
82   Greece 5.287 1.181 1.156 0.999 0.067 0.000 0.034
83   Mongolia 5.285 0.948 1.531 0.667 0.317 0.235 0.038
84   North Macedonia 5.274 0.983 1.294 0.838 0.345 0.185 0.034
85   Nigeria 5.265 0.696 1.111 0.245 0.426 0.215 0.041
86   Kyrgyzstan 5.261 0.551 1.438 0.723 0.508 0.300 0.023
87   Turkmenistan 5.247 1.052 1.538 0.657 0.394 0.244 0.028
88   Algeria 5.211 1.002 1.160 0.785 0.086 0.073 0.114
89   Morocco 5.208 0.801 0.782 0.782 0.418 0.036 0.076
90   Azerbaijan 5.208 1.043 1.147 0.769 0.351 0.035 0.182
91   Lebanon 5.197 0.987 1.224 0.815 0.216 0.166 0.027
92   Indonesia 5.192 0.931 1.203 0.660 0.491 0.498 0.028
93   China 5.191 1.029 1.125 0.893 0.521 0.058 0.100
94   Vietnam 5.175 0.741 1.346 0.851 0.543 0.147 0.073
95   Bhutan 5.082 0.813 1.321 0.604 0.457 0.370 0.167
96   Cameroon 5.044 0.549 0.910 0.331 0.381 0.187 0.037
97   Bulgaria 5.011 1.092 1.513 0.815 0.311 0.081 0.004
98   Ghana 4.996 0.611 0.868 0.486 0.381 0.245 0.040
99   Ivory Coast 4.944 0.569 0.808 0.232 0.352 0.154 0.090
100     Nepal 4.913 0.446 1.226 0.677 0.439 0.285 0.089
101   Jordan 4.906 0.837 1.225 0.815 0.383 0.110 0.130
102   Benin 4.883 0.393 0.437 0.397 0.349 0.175 0.082
103   Congo (Brazzaville) 4.812 0.673 0.799 0.508 0.372 0.105 0.093
104   Gabon 4.799 1.057 1.183 0.571 0.295 0.043 0.055
105   Laos 4.796 0.764 1.030 0.551 0.547 0.266 0.164
106   South Africa 4.722 0.960 1.351 0.469 0.389 0.130 0.055
107   Albania 4.719 0.947 0.848 0.874 0.383 0.178 0.027
108   Venezuela 4.707 0.960 1.427 0.805 0.154 0.064 0.047
109   Cambodia 4.700 0.574 1.122 0.637 0.609 0.232 0.062
110   Palestinian Territories 4.696 0.657 1.247 0.672 0.225 0.103 0.066
111   Senegal 4.681 0.450 1.134 0.571 0.292 0.153 0.072
112   Somalia 4.668 0.000 0.698 0.268 0.559 0.243 0.270
113   Namibia 4.639 0.879 1.313 0.477 0.401 0.070 0.056
114   Niger 4.628 0.138 0.774 0.366 0.318 0.188 0.102
115   Burkina Faso 4.587 0.331 1.056 0.380 0.255 0.177 0.113
116   Armenia 4.559 0.850 1.055 0.815 0.283 0.095 0.064
117   Iran 4.548 1.100 0.842 0.785 0.305 0.270 0.125
118   Guinea 4.534 0.380 0.829 0.375 0.332 0.207 0.086
119   Georgia 4.519 0.886 0.666 0.752 0.346 0.043 0.164
120   Gambia 4.516 0.308 0.939 0.428 0.382 0.269 0.167
121   Kenya 4.509 0.512 0.983 0.581 0.431 0.372 0.053
122   Mauritania 4.490 0.570 1.167 0.489 0.066 0.106 0.088
123   Mozambique 4.466 0.204 0.986 0.390 0.494 0.197 0.138
124   Tunisia 4.461 0.921 1.000 0.815 0.167 0.059 0.055
125   Bangladesh 4.456 0.562 0.928 0.723 0.527 0.166 0.143
126   Iraq 4.437 1.043 0.980 0.574 0.241 0.148 0.089
127   Congo (Kinshasa) 4.418 0.094 1.125 0.357 0.269 0.212 0.053
128   Mali 4.390 0.385 1.105 0.308 0.327 0.153 0.052
129   Sierra Leone 4.374 0.268 0.841 0.242 0.309 0.252 0.045
130   Sri Lanka 4.366 0.949 1.265 0.831 0.470 0.244 0.047
131   Myanmar 4.360 0.710 1.181 0.555 0.525 0.566 0.172
132   Chad 4.350 0.350 0.766 0.192 0.174 0.198 0.078
133   Ukraine 4.332 0.820 1.390 0.739 0.178 0.187 0.010
134   Ethiopia 4.286 0.336 1.033 0.532 0.344 0.209 0.100
135   Eswatini 4.212 0.811 1.149 0.000 0.313 0.074 0.135
136   Uganda 4.189 0.332 1.069 0.443 0.356 0.252 0.060
137   Egypt 4.166 0.913 1.039 0.644 0.241 0.076 0.067
138   Zambia 4.107 0.578 1.058 0.426 0.431 0.247 0.087
139   Togo 4.085 0.275 0.572 0.410 0.293 0.177 0.085
140   India 4.015 0.755 0.765 0.588 0.498 0.200 0.085
141   Liberia 3.975 0.073 0.922 0.443 0.370 0.233 0.033
142   Comoros 3.973 0.274 0.757 0.505 0.142 0.275 0.078
143   Madagascar 3.933 0.274 0.916 0.555 0.148 0.169 0.041
144   Lesotho 3.802 0.489 1.169 0.168 0.359 0.107 0.093
145   Burundi 3.775 0.046 0.447 0.380 0.220 0.176 0.180
146   Zimbabwe 3.663 0.366 1.114 0.433 0.361 0.151 0.089
147   Haiti 3.597 0.323 0.688 0.449 0.026 0.419 0.110
148   Botswana 3.488 1.041 1.145 0.538 0.455 0.025 0.100
149   Syria 3.462 0.619 0.378 0.440 0.013 0.331 0.141
150   Malawi 3.410 0.191 0.560 0.495 0.443 0.218 0.089
151   Yemen 3.380 0.287 1.163 0.463 0.143 0.108 0.077
152   Rwanda 3.334 0.359 0.711 0.614 0.555 0.217 0.411
153   Tanzania 3.231 0.476 0.885 0.499 0.417 0.276 0.147
154   Afghanistan 3.203 0.350 0.517 0.361 0.000 0.158 0.025
155   Central African Republic 3.083 0.026 0.000 0.105 0.225 0.235 0.035
156   South Sudan 2.853 0.306 0.575 0.295 0.010 0.202 0.091

2018 report [ edit ]

The 2018 report features the happiness score averaged over the years 2015-2017. As per the 2018 Happiness Index, Finland is the happiest country in the world. Norway, Denmark, Iceland and Switzerland hold the next top positions. The report was published on 14 March 2018 by UN. The full report can be read at 2018 Report. The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness. The World Happiness Report 2018, which ranks 156 countries by their happiness levels, and 117 countries by the happiness of their immigrants, was released on March 14 at a launch event at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican.

Table
Overall rank Country or region Score GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Perceptions of corruption
1   Finland 7.632 1.305 1.592 0.874 0.681 0.202 0.393
2   Norway 7.594 1.456 1.582 0.861 0.686 0.286 0.340
3   Denmark 7.555 1.351 1.590 0.868 0.683 0.284 0.408
4   Iceland 7.495 1.343 1.644 0.914 0.677 0.353 0.138
5    Switzerland 7.487 1.420 1.549 0.927 0.660 0.256 0.357
6   Netherlands 7.441 1.361 1.488 0.878 0.638 0.333 0.295
7   Canada 7.328 1.330 1.532 0.896 0.653 0.321 0.291
8   New Zealand 7.324 1.268 1.601 0.876 0.669 0.365 0.389
9   Sweden 7.314 1.355 1.501 0.913 0.659 0.285 0.383
10   Australia 7.272 1.340 1.573 0.910 0.647 0.361 0.302
11   United Kingdom 7.190 1.244 1.433 0.888 0.464 0.262 0.082
12   Austria 7.139 1.341 1.504 0.891 0.617 0.242 0.224
13   Costa Rica 7.072 1.010 1.459 0.817 0.632 0.143 0.101
14   Ireland 6.977 1.448 1.583 0.876 0.614 0.307 0.306
15   Germany 6.965 1.340 1.474 0.861 0.586 0.273 0.280
16   Belgium 6.927 1.324 1.483 0.894 0.583 0.188 0.240
17   Luxembourg 6.910 1.576 1.520 0.896 0.632 0.196 0.321
18   United States 6.886 1.398 1.471 0.819 0.547 0.291 0.133
19   Israel 6.814 1.301 1.559 0.883 0.533 0.354 0.272
20   United Arab Emirates 6.774 2.096 0.776 0.670 0.284 0.186 N/A
21   Czech Republic 6.711 1.233 1.489 0.854 0.543 0.064 0.034
22   Malta 6.627 1.270 1.525 0.884 0.645 0.376 0.142
23   France 6.489 1.293 1.466 0.908 0.520 0.098 0.176
24   Mexico 6.488 1.038 1.252 0.761 0.479 0.069 0.095
25   Chile 6.476 1.131 1.331 0.808 0.431 0.197 0.061
26   Taiwan 6.441 1.365 1.436 0.857 0.418 0.151 0.078
27   Panama 6.430 1.112 1.438 0.759 0.597 0.125 0.063
28   Brazil 6.419 0.986 1.474 0.675 0.493 0.110 0.088
29   Argentina 6.388 1.073 1.468 0.744 0.570 0.062 0.054
30   Guatemala 6.382 0.781 1.268 0.608 0.604 0.179 0.071
31   Uruguay 6.379 1.093 1.459 0.771 0.625 0.130 0.155
32   Qatar 6.374 1.649 1.303 0.748 0.654 0.256 0.171
33   Saudi Arabia 6.371 1.379 1.331 0.633 0.509 0.098 0.127
34   Singapore 6.343 1.529 1.451 1.008 0.631 0.261 0.457
35   Malaysia 6.322 1.161 1.258 0.669 0.356 0.311 0.059
36   Spain 6.310 1.251 1.538 0.965 0.449 0.142 0.074
37   Colombia 6.260 0.960 1.439 0.635 0.531 0.099 0.039
38   Trinidad & Tobago 6.192 1.223 1.492 0.564 0.575 0.171 0.019
39   Slovakia 6.173 1.210 1.537 0.776 0.354 0.118 0.014
40   El Salvador 6.167 0.806 1.231 0.639 0.461 0.065 0.082
41   Nicaragua 6.141 0.668 1.319 0.700 0.527 0.208 0.128
42   Poland 6.123 1.176 1.448 0.781 0.546 0.108 0.064
43   Bahrain 6.105 1.338 1.366 0.698 0.594 0.243 0.123
44   Uzbekistan 6.096 0.719 1.584 0.605 0.724 0.328 0.259
45   Kuwait 6.083 1.474 1.301 0.675 0.554 0.167 0.106
46   Thailand 6.072 1.016 1.417 0.707 0.637 0.364 0.029
47   Italy 6.000 1.264 1.501 0.946 0.281 0.137 0.028
48   Ecuador 5.973 0.889 1.330 0.736 0.556 0.114 0.120
49   Belize 5.956 0.807 1.101 0.474 0.593 0.183 0.089
50   Lithuania 5.952 1.197 1.527 0.716 0.350 0.026 0.006
51   Slovenia 5.948 1.219 1.506 0.856 0.633 0.160 0.051
52   Romania 5.945 1.116 1.219 0.726 0.528 0.088 0.001
53   Latvia 5.933 1.148 1.454 0.671 0.363 0.092 0.066
54   Japan 5.915 1.294 1.462 0.988 0.553 0.079 0.150
55   Mauritius 5.891 1.090 1.387 0.684 0.584 0.245 0.050
56   Jamaica 5.890 0.819 1.493 0.693 0.575 0.096 0.031
57   South Korea 5.875 1.266 1.204 0.955 0.244 0.175 0.051
58   Northern Cyprus 5.835 1.229 1.211 0.909 0.495 0.179 0.154
59   Russia 5.810 1.151 1.479 0.599 0.399 0.065 0.025
60   Kazakhstan 5.790 1.143 1.516 0.631 0.454 0.148 0.121
61   Cyprus 5.762 1.229 1.191 0.909 0.423 0.202 0.035
62   Bolivia 5.752 0.751 1.223 0.508 0.606 0.141 0.054
63   Estonia 5.739 1.200 1.532 0.737 0.553 0.086 0.174
64   Paraguay 5.681 0.835 1.522 0.615 0.541 0.162 0.074
65   Peru 5.663 0.934 1.249 0.674 0.530 0.092 0.034
66   Kosovo 5.662 0.855 1.230 0.578 0.448 0.274 0.023
67   Moldova 5.640 0.657 1.301 0.620 0.232 0.171 0.000
68   Turkmenistan 5.636 1.016 1.533 0.517 0.417 0.199 0.037
69   Hungary 5.620 1.171 1.401 0.732 0.259 0.061 0.022
70   Libya 5.566 0.985 1.350 0.553 0.496 0.116 0.148
71   Philippines 5.524 0.775 1.312 0.513 0.643 0.120 0.105
72   Honduras 5.504 0.620 1.205 0.622 0.459 0.197 0.074
73   Belarus 5.483 1.039 1.498 0.700 0.307 0.101 0.154
74   Turkey 5.483 1.148 1.380 0.686 0.324 0.106 0.109
75   Pakistan 5.472 0.652 0.810 0.424 0.334 0.216 0.113
76   Hong Kong 5.430 1.405 1.290 1.030 0.524 0.246 0.291
77   Portugal 5.410 1.188 1.429 0.884 0.562 0.055 0.017
78   Serbia 5.398 0.975 1.369 0.685 0.288 0.134 0.043
79   Greece 5.358 1.154 1.202 0.879 0.131 0.000 0.044
80 Lebanon 5.358 0.965 1.179 0.785 0.503 0.214 0.136
81   Montenegro 5.347 1.017 1.279 0.729 0.259 0.111 0.081
82   Croatia 5.321 1.115 1.161 0.737 0.380 0.120 0.039
83   Dominican Republic 5.302 0.982 1.441 0.614 0.578 0.120 0.106
84   Algeria 5.295 0.979 1.154 0.687 0.077 0.055 0.135
85   Morocco 5.254 0.779 0.797 0.669 0.460 0.026 0.074
86   China 5.246 0.989 1.142 0.799 0.597 0.029 0.103
87   Azerbaijan 5.201 1.024 1.161 0.603 0.430 0.031 0.176
88 Tajikistan 5.199 0.474 1.166 0.598 0.292 0.187 0.034
89   Macedonia 5.185 0.959 1.239 0.691 0.394 0.173 0.052
90   Jordan 5.161 0.822 1.265 0.645 0.468 0.130 0.134
91   Nigeria 5.155 0.689 1.172 0.048 0.462 0.201 0.032
92   Kyrgyzstan 5.131 0.530 1.416 0.594 0.540 0.281 0.035
93   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.129 0.915 1.078 0.758 0.280 0.216 0.000
94   Mongolia 5.125 0.914 1.517 0.575 0.395 0.253 0.032
95   Vietnam 5.103 0.715 1.365 0.702 0.618 0.177 0.079
96   Indonesia 5.093 0.899 1.215 0.522 0.538 0.484 0.018
97   Bhutan 5.082 0.796 1.335 0.527 0.541 0.364 0.171
98   Somalia 4.982 0.000 0.712 0.115 0.674 0.238 0.282
99   Cameroon 4.975 0.535 0.891 0.182 0.454 0.183 0.043
100   Bulgaria 4.933 1.054 1.515 0.712 0.359 0.064 0.009
101     Nepal 4.880 0.425 1.228 0.539 0.526 0.302 0.078
102   Venezuela 4.806 0.996 1.469 0.657 0.133 0.056 0.052
103   Gabon 4.758 1.036 1.164 0.404 0.356 0.032 0.052
104   Palestinian Territories 4.743 0.642 1.217 0.602 0.266 0.086 0.076
105   South Africa 4.724 0.940 1.410 0.330 0.516 0.103 0.056
106   Iran 4.707 1.059 0.771 0.691 0.459 0.282 0.129
107   Ivory Coast 4.671 0.541 0.872 0.080 0.467 0.146 0.103
108   Ghana 4.657 0.592 0.896 0.337 0.499 0.212 0.029
109   Senegal 4.631 0.429 1.117 0.433 0.406 0.138 0.082
110   Laos 4.623 0.720 1.034 0.441 0.626 0.230 0.174
111   Tunisia 4.592 0.900 0.906 0.690 0.271 0.040 0.063
112   Albania 4.586 0.916 0.817 0.790 0.419 0.149 0.032
113   Sierra Leone 4.571 0.256 0.813 0.000 0.355 0.238 0.053
114   Congo (Brazzaville) 4.559 0.682 0.811 0.343 0.514 0.091 0.077
115   Bangladesh 4.500 0.532 0.850 0.579 0.580 0.153 0.144
116   Sri Lanka 4.471 0.918 1.314 0.672 0.585 0.307 0.050
117   Iraq 4.456 1.010 0.971 0.536 0.304 0.148 0.095
118   Mali 4.447 0.370 1.233 0.152 0.367 0.139 0.056
119   Namibia 4.441 0.874 1.281 0.365 0.519 0.051 0.064
120   Cambodia 4.433 0.549 1.088 0.457 0.696 0.256 0.065
121   Burkina Faso 4.424 0.314 1.097 0.254 0.312 0.175 0.128
122   Egypt 4.419 0.885 1.025 0.553 0.312 0.092 0.107
123   Mozambique 4.417 0.198 0.902 0.173 0.531 0.206 0.158
124   Kenya 4.410 0.493 1.048 0.454 0.504 0.352 0.055
125   Zambia 4.377 0.562 1.047 0.295 0.503 0.221 0.082
126   Mauritania 4.356 0.557 1.245 0.292 0.129 0.134 0.093
127   Ethiopia 4.350 0.308 0.950 0.391 0.452 0.220 0.146
128   Georgia 4.340 0.853 0.592 0.643 0.375 0.038 0.215
129   Armenia 4.321 0.816 0.990 0.666 0.260 0.077 0.028
130   Myanmar 4.308 0.682 1.174 0.429 0.580 0.598 0.178
131   Chad 4.301 0.358 0.907 0.053 0.189 0.181 0.060
132   Congo (Kinshasa) 4.245 0.069 1.136 0.204 0.312 0.197 0.052
133   India 4.190 0.721 0.747 0.485 0.539 0.172 0.093
134   Niger 4.166 0.131 0.867 0.221 0.390 0.175 0.099
135   Uganda 4.161 0.322 1.090 0.237 0.450 0.259 0.061
136   Benin 4.141 0.378 0.372 0.240 0.440 0.163 0.067
137   Sudan 4.139 0.605 1.240 0.312 0.016 0.134 0.082
138   Ukraine 4.103 0.793 1.413 0.609 0.163 0.187 0.011
139   Togo 3.999 0.259 0.474 0.253 0.434 0.158 0.101
140   Guinea 3.964 0.344 0.792 0.211 0.394 0.185 0.094
141   Lesotho 3.808 0.472 1.215 0.079 0.423 0.116 0.112
142   Angola 3.795 0.730 1.125 0.269 0.000 0.079 0.061
143   Madagascar 3.774 0.262 0.908 0.402 0.221 0.155 0.049
144   Zimbabwe 3.692 0.357 1.094 0.248 0.406 0.132 0.099
145   Afghanistan 3.632 0.332 0.537 0.255 0.085 0.191 0.036
146   Botswana 3.590 1.017 1.174 0.417 0.557 0.042 0.092
147   Malawi 3.587 0.186 0.541 0.306 0.531 0.210 0.080
148   Haiti 3.582 0.315 0.714 0.289 0.025 0.392 0.104
149   Liberia 3.495 0.076 0.858 0.267 0.419 0.206 0.030
150   Syria 3.462 0.689 0.382 0.539 0.088 0.376 0.144
151   Rwanda 3.408 0.332 0.896 0.400 0.636 0.200 0.444
152   Yemen 3.355 0.442 1.073 0.343 0.244 0.083 0.064
153   Tanzania 3.303 0.455 0.991 0.381 0.481 0.270 0.097
154   South Sudan 3.254 0.337 0.608 0.177 0.112 0.224 0.106
155   Central African Republic 3.083 0.024 0.000 0.010 0.305 0.218 0.038
156   Burundi 2.905 0.091 0.627 0.145 0.065 0.149 0.076

2017 report [ edit ]

The 2017 report features the happiness score averaged over the years 2014-2016. For that timespan, Norway was the overall happiest country in the world, even though oil prices had dropped. Close behind were Denmark, Iceland and Switzerland in a tight pack. Four of the top five countries follow the Nordic model. All the top ten countries had high scores in the six categories. The ranked follow-on countries in the top ten are: Finland, the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Sweden.

Table

Table of data for 2017: [37]

Overall Rank Change in rank Country Score Change in score GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Trust Residual
2 Decrease 1   Denmark 7.522 Decrease 0.004 1.482 1.551 0.793 0.626 0.355 0.401 2.314
3 Steady   Iceland 7.504 Increase 0.003 1.481 1.611 0.834 0.627 0.476 0.154 2.323
4 Decrease 2    Switzerland 7.494 Decrease 0.015 1.565 1.517 0.858 0.620 0.291 0.367 2.277
5 Steady   Finland 7.469 Increase 0.056 1.444 1.540 0.809 0.618 0.245 0.383 2.430
6 Increase 1   Netherlands 7.377 Increase 0.038 1.504 1.429 0.811 0.585 0.470 0.283 2.295
7 Decrease 1   Canada 7.316 Decrease 0.088 1.479 1.481 0.835 0.611 0.436 0.287 2.187
8 Steady   New Zealand 7.314 Decrease 0.020 1.406 1.548 0.817 0.614 0.500 0.383 2.046
9 Steady   Australia 7.284 Decrease 0.029 1.484 1.510 0.844 0.602 0.478 0.301 2.065
10 Steady   Sweden 7.284 Decrease 0.007 1.494 1.478 0.831 0.613 0.385 0.384 2.098
11 Steady   Israel 7.213 Decrease 0.054 1.375 1.376 0.838 0.406 0.330 0.085 2.802
12 Increase 2   Costa Rica 7.079 Decrease 0.008 1.110 1.416 0.760 0.580 0.215 0.100 2.899
13 Decrease 1   Austria 7.006 Decrease 0.113 1.487 1.460 0.815 0.568 0.316 0.221 2.139
14 Decrease 1   United States 6.993 Decrease 0.111 1.546 1.420 0.774 0.506 0.393 0.136 2.218
15 Increase 4   Ireland 6.977 Increase 0.070 1.536 1.558 0.810 0.573 0.428 0.298 1.774
16 Steady   Germany 6.951 Decrease 0.043 1.488 1.473 0.799 0.563 0.336 0.277 2.016
17 Increase 1   Belgium 6.891 Decrease 0.038 1.464 1.462 0.818 0.540 0.232 0.251 2.124
18 Increase 2   Luxembourg 6.863 Decrease 0.008 1.742 1.458 0.845 0.597 0.283 0.319 1.620
19 Increase 4   United Kingdom 6.714 Decrease 0.011 1.442 1.496 0.805 0.508 0.493 0.265 1.704
20 Increase 4   Chile 6.652 Decrease 0.053 1.253 1.284 0.819 0.377 0.327 0.082 2.510
21 Increase 7   United Arab Emirates 6.648 Increase 0.075 1.626 1.266 0.727 0.608 0.361 0.324 1.735
22 Decrease 5   Brazil 6.635 Decrease 0.317 1.107 1.431 0.617 0.437 0.162 0.111 2.769
23 Increase 4   Czech Republic 6.609 Increase 0.013 1.353 1.434 0.754 0.491 0.088 0.037 2.452
24 Increase 2   Argentina 6.599 Decrease 0.051 1.185 1.440 0.695 0.495 0.109 0.060 2.614
25 Decrease 4   Mexico 6.578 Decrease 0.200 1.153 1.211 0.710 0.413 0.121 0.133 2.837
26 Decrease 4   Singapore 6.572 Decrease 0.167 1.692 1.354 0.949 0.550 0.346 0.464 1.216
27 Increase 3   Malta 6.527 Increase 0.039 1.343 1.488 0.822 0.589 0.575 0.153 1.557
28 Increase 1   Uruguay 6.454 Decrease 0.091 1.218 1.412 0.719 0.579 0.175 0.178 2.172
29 Increase 10   Guatemala 6.454 Increase 0.130 0.872 1.256 0.540 0.531 0.283 0.077 2.894
30 Decrease 5   Panama 6.452 Decrease 0.249 1.234 1.373 0.706 0.550 0.211 0.071 2.307
31 Increase 1   France 6.442 Decrease 0.036 1.431 1.388 0.844 0.470 0.130 0.173 2.006
32 Increase 1   Thailand 6.424 Decrease 0.050 1.128 1.426 0.647 0.580 0.572 0.032 2.040
33 Increase 2   Taiwan 6.422 Increase 0.043 1.434 1.385 0.794 0.361 0.258 0.064 2.127
34 Increase 3   Spain 6.403 Increase 0.042 1.384 1.532 0.889 0.409 0.190 0.071 1.928
35 Increase 1   Qatar 6.375 Steady 1.871 1.274 0.710 0.604 0.330 0.439 1.145
36 Decrease 5   Colombia 6.357 Decrease 0.124 1.071 1.402 0.595 0.477 0.149 0.047 2.616
37 Decrease 3   Saudi Arabia 6.344 Decrease 0.035 1.531 1.287 0.590 0.450 0.148 0.273 2.065
38 Increase 5   Trinidad and Tobago 6.168 Steady 1.361 1.380 0.520 0.519 0.325 0.009 2.053
39 Increase 2   Kuwait 6.105 Decrease 0.134 1.633 1.260 0.632 0.496 0.228 0.215 1.640
40 Increase 5   Slovakia 6.098 Increase 0.020 1.325 1.505 0.713 0.296 0.137 0.024 2.098
41 Increase 1   Bahrain 6.087 Decrease 0.131 1.488 1.323 0.653 0.537 0.173 0.257 1.656
42 Increase 5   Malaysia 6.084 Increase 0.079 1.291 1.285 0.619 0.402 0.417 0.066 2.004
  Europe [Note 1] 6.080 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
43 Increase 5   Nicaragua 6.071 Increase 0.079 0.737 1.287 0.653 0.448 0.302 0.131 2.514
44 Increase 7   Ecuador 6.008 Increase 0.032 1.001 1.286 0.686 0.455 0.150 0.140 2.290
45 Increase 1   El Salvador 6.003 Decrease 0.065 0.910 1.182 0.596 0.432 0.078 0.090 2.715
46 Increase 11   Poland 5.973 Increase 0.138 1.292 1.446 0.699 0.520 0.158 0.059 1.798
47 Increase 2   Uzbekistan 5.971 Decrease 0.016 0.786 1.549 0.498 0.658 0.416 0.247 1.817
48 Increase 2   Italy 5.964 Decrease 0.013 1.395 1.445 0.853 0.256 0.173 0.028 1.813
49 Increase 7   Russia 5.963 Increase 0.107 1.282 1.469 0.547 0.374 0.052 0.033 2.206
50 Increase 2   Belize 5.956 Steady 0.908 1.081 0.450 0.548 0.240 0.097 2.632
51 Increase 2   Japan 5.920 Decrease 0.001 1.417 1.436 0.913 0.506 0.121 0.164 1.363
52 Increase 8   Lithuania 5.902 Increase 0.089 1.315 1.474 0.629 0.234 0.010 0.012 2.228
53 Decrease 15   Algeria 5.872 Decrease 0.483 1.092 1.146 0.618 0.233 0.069 0.146 2.568
54 Increase 14   Latvia 5.850 Increase 0.290 1.261 1.405 0.639 0.326 0.153 0.074 1.994
55 Steady   Moldova 5.838 Decrease 0.059 0.729 1.252 0.589 0.241 0.209 0.010 2.808
56 Increase 2   South Korea 5.838 Increase 0.003 1.402 1.128 0.900 0.258 0.207 0.063 1.880
57 Increase 14   Romania 5.825 Increase 0.297 1.218 1.150 0.685 0.457 0.134 0.004 2.177
58 Increase 1   Bolivia 5.823 Increase 0.001 0.834 1.228 0.474 0.559 0.226 0.060 2.443
59 Increase 6   Turkmenistan 5.822 Increase 0.164 1.131 1.493 0.438 0.418 0.250 0.259 1.833
60 Decrease 6   Kazakhstan 5.819 Decrease 0.100 1.285 1.384 0.606 0.437 0.202 0.119 1.785
61 Increase 1   North Cyprus 5.810 Increase 0.039 1.347 1.186 0.835 0.471 0.267 0.155 1.549
62 Increase 1   Slovenia 5.758 Decrease 0.010 1.341 1.453 0.791 0.573 0.243 0.045 1.313
63 Increase 1   Peru 5.715 Decrease 0.028 1.035 1.219 0.630 0.450 0.127 0.047 2.207
64 Increase 2   Mauritius 5.629 Decrease 0.019 1.189 1.210 0.638 0.491 0.361 0.042 1.698
65 Increase 4   Cyprus 5.621 Increase 0.075 1.356 1.131 0.845 0.355 0.271 0.041 1.621
66 Increase 6   Estonia 5.611 Increase 0.094 1.321 1.477 0.695 0.479 0.099 0.183 1.358
67 Decrease 6   Belarus 5.569 Decrease 0.233 1.157 1.445 0.638 0.295 0.155 0.156 1.723
68 Decrease 1   Libya 5.525 Decrease 0.090 1.102 1.358 0.520 0.466 0.152 0.093 1.835
69 Increase 9   Turkey 5.500 Increase 0.111 1.198 1.338 0.638 0.301 0.047 0.100 1.879
70 Steady   Paraguay 5.493 Decrease 0.045 0.933 1.507 0.579 0.474 0.224 0.091 1.685
71 Increase 4   Hong Kong 5.472 Increase 0.014 1.552 1.263 0.943 0.491 0.374 0.294 0.555
72 Increase 10   Philippines 5.430 Increase 0.151 0.858 1.254 0.468 0.585 0.194 0.099 1.973
73 Increase 13   Serbia 5.395 Increase 0.218 1.069 1.258 0.651 0.209 0.220 0.041 1.947
74 Increase 6   Jordan 5.336 Increase 0.033 0.991 1.239 0.605 0.418 0.172 0.120 1.791
75 Increase 16   Hungary 5.324 Increase 0.179 1.286 1.343 0.688 0.176 0.078 0.037 1.716
76 Decrease 3   Jamaica 5.311 Decrease 0.199 0.926 1.368 0.641 0.474 0.234 0.055 1.612
World 5.305[Note 2] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
77 Decrease 3   Croatia 5.293 Decrease 0.195 1.223 0.968 0.701 0.256 0.248 0.043 1.854
78 Decrease 1   Kosovo 5.279 Decrease 0.122 0.951 1.138 0.541 0.260 0.320 0.057 2.011
79 Increase 4   China 5.273 Increase 0.028 1.081 1.161 0.741 0.473 0.029 0.023 1.765
80 Increase 12   Pakistan 5.269 Increase 0.137 0.727 0.673 0.402 0.235 0.315 0.124 2.792
81 Decrease 2   Indonesia 5.262 Decrease 0.052 0.996 1.274 0.492 0.443 0.612 0.015 1.429
82 Decrease 38   Venezuela 5.250 Decrease 0.834 1.128 1.431 0.617 0.154 0.065 0.064 1.789
83 Increase 5   Montenegro 5.237 Increase 0.076 1.121 1.238 0.667 0.195 0.198 0.088 1.729
84 Increase 6   Morocco 5.235 Increase 0.084 0.878 0.775 0.598 0.408 0.032 0.088 2.456
85 Decrease 4   Azerbaijan 7.342 Decrease 0.057 1.154 1.152 0.541 0.398 0.045 0.181 1.762
86 Increase 3   Dominican Republic 5.230 Increase 0.075 1.079 1.402 0.575 0.553 0.187 0.114 1.319
87 Increase 12   Greece 5.227 Increase 0.194 1.289 1.239 0.810 0.096 0.000 0.043 1.749
88 Increase 5   Lebanon 5.225 Increase 0.096 1.075 1.130 0.735 0.289 0.264 0.038 1.695
89 Increase 5   Portugal 5.195 Increase 0.072 1.315 1.367 0.796 0.498 0.095 0.016 1.108
90 Decrease 3   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.182 Increase 0.019 0.982 1.069 0.705 0.204 0.329 0.000 1.892
91 Increase 13   Honduras 5.181 Increase 0.310 0.731 1.144 0.583 0.348 0.236 0.073 2.066
92 Increase 3   Macedonia 5.175 Increase 0.054 1.065 1.208 0.645 0.326 0.254 0.060 1.617
93 Decrease 17   Somalia 5.151 Decrease 0.289 0.023 0.721 0.114 0.602 0.292 0.282 3.117
94 Increase 2   Vietnam 5.074 Increase 0.013 0.789 1.277 0.652 0.571 0.235 0.088 1.462
95 Increase 8   Nigeria 5.074 Increase 0.199 0.784 1.216 0.057 0.395 0.231 0.026 2.365
96 Increase 4   Tajikistan 5.041 Increase 0.045 0.525 1.271 0.529 0.472 0.249 0.146 1.849
97 Decrease 13   Bhutan 5.011 Decrease 0.185 0.885 1.340 0.496 0.502 0.474 0.173 1.140
98 Decrease 13   Kyrgyzstan 5.004 Decrease 0.181 0.596 1.394 0.553 0.455 0.429 0.039 1.537
99 Increase 8     Nepal 4.962 Increase 0.169 0.480 1.179 0.504 0.440 0.394 0.073 1.891
100 Increase 1   Mongolia 4.955 Increase 0.048 1.027 1.493 0.558 0.394 0.338 0.033 1.111
101 Increase 15   South Africa 4.829 Increase 0.370 1.055 1.385 0.187 0.479 0.139 0.073 1.511
102 Decrease 4   Tunisia 4.805 Decrease 0.240 1.007 0.868 0.613 0.290 0.050 0.087 1.890
103 Increase 5   Palestinian Territories 4.775 Increase 0.021 0.716 1.156 0.566 0.255 0.114 0.089 1.879
104 Increase 16   Egypt 4.735 Increase 0.373 0.990 0.997 0.520 0.282 0.129 0.114 1.702
105 Increase 24   Bulgaria 4.714 Increase 0.497 1.161 1.434 0.708 0.289 0.113 0.011 0.996
106 Increase 5   Sierra Leone 4.709 Increase 0.074 0.368 0.984 0.006 0.319 0.293 0.071 2.668
107 Increase 7   Cameroon 4.695 Increase 0.182 0.564 0.946 0.133 0.430 0.236 0.051 2.334
108 Decrease 3   Iran 4.692 Decrease 0.121 1.157 0.712 0.639 0.249 0.387 0.049 1.499
109 Steady   Albania 4.644 Decrease 0.011 0.996 0.804 0.731 0.381 0.201 0.040 1.490
110 Steady   Bangladesh 4.608 Decrease 0.035 0.587 0.735 0.533 0.478 0.172 0.124 1.979
111 Increase 2   Namibia 4.574 Steady 0.964 1.098 0.339 0.520 0.077 0.093 1.482
112 Increase 10   Kenya 4.553 Increase 0.197 0.560 1.068 0.310 0.453 0.445 0.065 1.652
113 N/A   Mozambique 4.550 N/A 0.234 0.871 0.107 0.481 0.322 0.179 2.356
114 Increase 5   Myanmar 4.545 Increase 0.150 0.367 1.123 0.398 0.514 0.838 0.189 1.115
115 Increase 13   Senegal 4.535 Increase 0.316 0.479 1.180 0.409 0.378 0.183 0.115 1.790
116 Decrease 10   Zambia 4.514 Decrease 0.281 0.636 1.003 0.258 0.462 0.250 0.078 1.827
117 Decrease 5   Iraq 4.497 Decrease 0.078 1.103 0.979 0.501 0.289 0.200 0.107 1.319
118 Increase 16   Gabon 4.465 Increase 0.344 1.198 1.156 0.357 0.312 0.044 0.076 1.323
119 Decrease 4   Ethiopia 4.460 Decrease 0.048 0.339 0.865 0.353 0.409 0.313 0.165 2.016
120 Decrease 3   Sri Lanka 4.440 Increase 0.025 1.010 1.260 0.625 0.561 0.491 0.074 0.419
121 Steady   Armenia 4.376 Increase 0.016 0.901 1.007 0.638 0.198 0.083 0.027 1.521
122 Decrease 4   India 4.315 Decrease 0.089 0.792 0.754 0.455 0.470 0.232 0.092 1.519
123 Increase 7   Mauritania 4.292 Increase 0.091 0.648 1.272 0.285 0.096 0.202 0.137 1.652
124 Increase 1   Congo (Brazzaville) 4.291 Increase 0.019 0.809 0.832 0.290 0.435 0.121 0.080 1.724
125 Increase 1   Georgia 4.286 Increase 0.034 0.951 0.571 0.650 0.309 0.054 0.252 1.500
126 Increase 1   Congo (Kinshasa) 4.280 Increase 0.044 0.092 1.229 0.191 0.236 0.246 0.060 2.225
127 Increase 8   Mali 4.190 Increase 0.117 0.476 1.281 0.169 0.307 0.183 0.105 1.668
128 Increase 11   Ivory Coast 4.180 Increase 0.264 0.603 0.905 0.049 0.448 0.201 0.130 1.845
129 Increase 11   Cambodia 4.168 Increase 0.261 0.602 1.006 0.430 0.633 0.386 0.068 1.043
130 Increase 3   Sudan 4.139 Steady 0.660 1.214 0.291 0.015 0.182 0.090 1.687
131 Decrease 7   Ghana 4.120 Decrease 0.156 0.667 0.874 0.296 0.423 0.257 0.025 1.578
132 Decrease 9   Ukraine 4.096 Decrease 0.228 0.895 1.395 0.576 0.123 0.270 0.023 0.814
133 Increase 13   Uganda 4.081 Increase 0.342 0.381 1.130 0.218 0.443 0.326 0.057 1.526
134 Increase 11   Burkina Faso 4.032 Increase 0.293 0.350 1.043 0.216 0.324 0.251 0.120 1.727
135 Increase 7   Niger 4.028 Increase 0.172 0.162 0.993 0.269 0.364 0.229 0.139 1.874
136 Decrease 4   Malawi 3.970 Decrease 0.186 0.233 0.513 0.315 0.467 0.287 0.073 2.082
137 Increase 7   Chad 3.936 Increase 0.173 0.438 0.954 0.041 0.162 0.216 0.054 2.071
138 Decrease 7   Zimbabwe 3.875 Decrease 0.318 0.376 1.083 0.197 0.336 0.189 0.095 1.598
139 N/A   Lesotho 3.808 N/A 0.521 1.190 0.000 0.391 0.157 0.119 1.430
140 Increase 1   Angola 3.795 Decrease 0.071 0.858 1.104 0.050 0.000 0.098 0.070 1.614
141 Increase 13   Afghanistan 3.794 Increase 0.434 0.401 0.582 0.181 0.106 0.312 0.061 2.151
142 Decrease 5   Botswana 3.766 Decrease 0.208 1.122 1.222 0.342 0.505 0.099 0.099 0.378
143 Increase 10   Benin 3.657 Increase 0.173 0.431 0.435 0.210 0.426 0.208 0.061 1.886
144 Increase 4   Madagascar 3.644 Decrease 0.051 0.306 0.913 0.375 0.189 0.209 0.067 1.585
145 Decrease 9   Haiti 3.603 Decrease 0.425 0.369 0.640 0.277 0.030 0.489 0.100 1.697
146 Increase 1   Yemen 3.593 Decrease 0.131 0.592 0.935 0.310 0.249 0.104 0.057 1.346
147 Decrease 4   South Sudan 3.591 Decrease 0.241 0.397 0.601 0.163 0.147 0.286 0.117 1.880
148 Increase 2   Liberia 3.533 Decrease 0.089 0.119 0.872 0.230 0.333 0.267 0.039 1.673
149 Increase 2   Guinea 3.507 Decrease 0.100 0.245 0.791 0.194 0.349 0.265 0.111 1.552
150 Increase 5   Togo 3.495 Increase 0.192 0.305 0.432 0.247 0.380 0.197 0.096 1.837
151 Increase 1   Rwanda 3.471 Decrease 0.044 0.369 0.946 0.326 0.582 0.253 0.455 0.540
152 Increase 4   Syria 3.462 Increase 0.393 0.777 0.396 0.501 0.082 0.494 0.151 1.062
153 Decrease 4   Tanzania 3.349 Decrease 0.317 0.511 1.042 0.365 0.390 0.354 0.066 0.621
154 Increase 3   Burundi 2.905 Steady 0.092 0.630 0.152 0.060 0.204 0.084 1.683
155 N/A   Central African Republic 2.693 N/A 0.000 0.000 0.019 0.271 0.281 0.057 2.066

2013–2015 averaged ranking [ edit ]

Table

Legend:[38]

  Explained by: GDP per capita
  Explained by: Social support
  Explained by: Healthy life expectancy
  Explained by: Freedom to make life choices
  Explained by: Generosity
  Trust or absence of corruption, as explained by the publicly perceived absence of corruption in government and business[39]

Italics: States with limited recognition and disputed territories

Overall Rank

[40][41]
Country Score Change Over

Prior Year
GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Trust
1   Denmark 7.526 Decrease -0.401
2    Switzerland 7.509 Increase 0.035
3   Iceland 7.501 Steady 0.000
4   Norway 7.498 Increase 0.082
5   Finland 7.413 Decrease -0.259
6   Canada 7.404 Decrease -0.041
7   Netherlands 7.339 Decrease -0.119
8   New Zealand 7.334 Decrease -0.097
9   Australia 7.313 Increase 0.002
10   Sweden 7.291 Decrease -0.017
11   Israel 7.267 Increase 0.258
12   Austria 7.119 Decrease -0.003
13   United States 7.104 Decrease -0.261
14   Costa Rica 7.087 Decrease -0.171
15   Puerto Rico 7.039 Increase 0.446
16   Germany 6.994 Increase 0.486
17   Brazil 6.952 Increase 0.474
18   Belgium 6.929 Decrease -0.311
19   Ireland 6.907 Decrease -0.238
20   Luxembourg 6.871 Steady 0.000
21   Mexico 6.778 Increase 0.225
22   Singapore 6.739 Increase 0.099
23   United Kingdom 6.725 Decrease -0.161
24   Chile 6.705 Increase 0.826
25   Panama 6.701 Increase 0.191
26   Argentina 6.650 Increase 0.457
27   Czech Republic 6.596 Increase 0.126
28   United Arab Emirates 6.573 Decrease -0.161
29   Uruguay 6.545 Increase 0.804
30   Malta 6.488 Steady 0.000
31   Colombia 6.481 Increase 0.399
32   France 6.478 Decrease -0.336
33   Thailand 6.474 Increase 0.631
34   Saudi Arabia 6.379 Decrease -0.794
35   Taiwan 6.379 Increase 0.190
36   Qatar 6.375 Steady 0.000
37   Spain 6.361 Decrease -0.711
38   Algeria 6.355 Steady 0.000
39   Guatemala 6.324 Increase 0.211
40   Suriname 6.269 Steady 0.000
41   Kuwait 6.239 Increase 0.164
42   Bahrain 6.218 Steady 0.000
43   Trinidad and Tobago 6.168 Increase 0.336
44   Venezuela 6.084 Decrease -0.762
45   Slovakia 6.078 Increase 0.814
46   El Salvador 6.068 Increase 0.572
47   Malaysia 6.005 Decrease -0.132
48   Nicaragua 5.992 Increase 1.285
49   Uzbekistan 5.987 Increase 0.755
50   Italy 5.977 Decrease -0.735
51   Ecuador 5.976 Increase 0.966
52   Belize 5.956 Decrease -0.495
53   Japan 5.921 Decrease -0.446
54   Kazakhstan 5.919 Increase 0.322
55   Moldova 5.897 Increase 0.959
56   Russia 5.856 Increase 0.738
57   Poland 5.835 Increase 0.098
58   South Korea 5.835 Increase 0.295
59   Bolivia 5.822 Increase 0.322
60   Lithuania 5.813 Decrease -0.069
61   Belarus 5.802 Increase 0.165
62   Northern Cyprus 5.771 Steady 0.000
63   Slovenia 5.768 Decrease -0.044
64   Peru 5.743 Increase 0.730
65   Turkmenistan 5.658 Steady 0.000
66   Mauritius 5.648 Steady 0.000
67   Libya 5.615 Steady 0.000
68   Latvia 5.560 Increase 0.872
69   Cyprus 5.546 Decrease -0.692
70   Paraguay 5.538 Increase 0.536
71   Romania 5.528 Increase 0.310
72   Estonia 5.517 Increase 0.165
73   Jamaica 5.510 Decrease -0.698
74   Croatia 5.488 Decrease -0.333
75   Hong Kong 5.458 Decrease -0.053
76   Somalia 5.440 Steady 0.000
77 Kosovo Kosovo [Note 3] 5.401 Increase 0.298
78   Turkey 5.389 Increase 0.216
79   Indonesia 5.314 Increase 0.295
80   Jordan 5.303 Decrease -0.638
81   Azerbaijan 5.291 Increase 0.642
82   Philippines 5.279 Increase 0.425
83   People's Republic of China 5.245 Increase 0.525
84   Bhutan 5.196 Steady 0.000
85   Kyrgyzstan 5.185 Increase 0.515
86   Serbia 5.177 Increase 0.426
87   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.163 Increase 0.263
88   Montenegro 5.161 Decrease -0.035
89   Dominican Republic 5.155 Increase 0.070