Xiehouyu (traditional Chinese: 歇後語; simplified Chinese: 歇后语; pinyin: xiēhòuyǔ; Wade–Giles: hsieh1-hou4-yü3; lit.: 'a saying with the latter-part suspended') is a kind of Chinese proverb consisting of two elements: the former segment presents a novel scenario while the latter provides the rationale thereof. One would often only state the first part, expecting the listener to know the second. Compare English "an apple a day (keeps the doctor away)" or "speak of the devil (and he doth/shall appear)".
Pun is sometimes invoked in a xiēhòuyǔ. In this case the second part is derived from the first through one meaning, but then another possible meaning of the second part is taken as the true meaning. To create examples in English, one can say "get hospitalized" to mean "be patient", or "small transactions only" to mean "no big deal". Thus a xiēhòuyǔ in one dialect can be unintelligible to a listener speaking another. Valuable linguistic data can sometimes be gleaned from ancient xiēhòuyǔ.
The origin of Xiehouyu [ edit ]
Xiēhòuyǔ is a special form of language created by the Chinese working people since ancient times. It is a short, funny and figurative sentence. It consists of two parts: the former part ACTS as a "lead", like a riddle, and the latter part plays the role of "back lining", which is like a riddle, which is quite natural. In a certain language environment, usually the first half, "rest" to the second half, can understand and guess its original meaning, so it is called "xiēhòuyǔ" ("saying with the latter part suspended"). The Chinese civilization has a long history. Five thousand years of historical vicissitudes, quenching, condensing into brilliant language art. The rest of the language is characterized by its unique expressiveness. To give people a deep thought and enlightenment. It reflects the unique customs and national culture of Huaxia nationality, tastes life, understands philosophy and promotes wisdom. Xiēhòuyǔ generally has a profound meaning, and a short sentence condensed a lot of wisdom.
Examples [ edit ]
- 外甥打燈籠——照舅 (舊) / 外甥打灯笼——照舅 (旧)
- 皇帝的女兒——不愁嫁 / 皇帝的女儿——不愁嫁
- pinyin: huángdì de nǚér—bù chóu jià
- translation: the daughter of the emperor—need not worry that she cannot soon be wed
- gloss: someone or something that is always wanted
- pinyin: lǐ yú chī shuǐ --tūn tūn tǔ tǔ
- translation: A fish is drinking water, drinking and spitting (meaning that one speaks hesitantly)
- pinyin:èr wàn wǔ qiān lǐ cháng zhēng --rèn zhòng dào yuǎn
- translation:A march which is 25.000 miles long, used to describe an arduous journey.
- pinyin:jiāng shān yì gǎi ，běn xìng nán yì
- translation:The fox may grow gray but never good.
- pinyin:huó dào lǎo ，xué dào lǎo
- translation:It is never too old to learn.
- pinyin:bú jīng lì fēng yǔ ，zěn me jiàn cǎi hóng
- translation:No cross, no crown.
- pinyin:wù yǐ lèi jù ，rén yǐ qún fèn
- translation:Birds of a feather flock together.
- pinyin:chá hú lǐ zhǔ jiǎo zǐ ——yǒu yě dǎo bú chū
- translation:Dumpling in a boiler(kettle)—cannot be poured out.
- pinyin:chuán tóu shàng pǎo mǎ ——zǒu tóu wú lù
- translation:racing a horse on the ship's bow- no way out.
- pinyin:dǎ pò shā guō ——wèn dào dǐ
- translation:Insist on getting to the bottom
- pinyin:dī shuǐ shí chuān ——fēi yī rì zhī gōng
- translation:Constant dropping wears the stone
- pinyin:diàn xiàn gǎn shàng bǎng jī máo ——hǎo dà de dǎn （dǎn ）zǐ
- translation:Feathers tied on the pole----How cocky!
- pinyin:fèn kēng lǐ de shí tóu ——yòu chòu yòu yìng
- translation:The stone in the cesspit——smelly and hard
- pinyin:jiǎo cǎi liǎng zhī chuán ——yáo bǎi bú dìng
- translation:sit on the fence——swing
- pinyin:lǎo hǔ de pì gǔ ——mō bú dé
- translation:the butt of the tiger, can not touch.
- pinyin:huáng shǔ láng gěi jī bài nián --bú huái hǎo yì
- translation:A weasel wishing Happy New Year to a chicken-harboring no good intention.
- pinyin: ròu bāo zǐ dǎ gǒu -- yǒu qù wú huí
- translation: Chasing a dog by throwing meat dumplings at it-gone, never to return.
- 手榴彈炸茅房 –- 激起公憤（糞）
- pinyin: Shǒuliúdàn zhà máofáng – jī qǐ gōngfèn (fèn)
- translation: Throwing grenade into a public toilet – stirring up public anger.
See also [ edit ]
- Chengyu: Chinese "set phrases" reflecting conventional wisdom
- Homophonic puns in Mandarin Chinese
- Proverbs commonly said to be Chinese
References [ edit ]
[ edit ]
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Chinese proverbs|
- A collection of xiehouyu (archived page)