Wikipedia

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County

Zhenning County


镇宁县
镇宁布依族苗族自治县

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County
Zhenning is located in Guizhou
Zhenning
Zhenning
Location of the seat in Guizhou
Zhenning is located in Southwest China
Zhenning
Zhenning
Zhenning (Southwest China)
Coordinates (Zhenning County government): 26°03′29″N105°46′13″E / 26.0581°N 105.7703°E / 26.0581; 105.7703Coordinates: 26°03′29″N105°46′13″E / 26.0581°N 105.7703°E / 26.0581; 105.7703
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guizhou
Prefecture-level city Anshun
Area
 • Total 1,709.42 km2 (660.01 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 283,880
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 镇宁布依族苗族自治县; traditional Chinese: 鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣; pinyin: Zhènníng Bùyīzú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn; usually referred to as "Zhenning County", commonly abbreviated as Zhenning (镇宁县; 鎮寧縣; Zhènníng Xiàn); Buyei: Xianqgahguanc Buxqyaix Buxyeeuz Zenqninf) is an autonomous county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Anshun, in the southwest of Guizhou Province, China.

History [ edit ]

"Anzhuangwei" (reconstruction).

In the 3rd century BC, Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (Zhenning) was a part of an ancient political entity Yelang.

In 233, in the 11th year of Jianxing period of Shu Han (221–263), the county under the control of Puli Dazong (普里大宗).

In late Song dynasty, the powerful Mongol Empire, led by Genghis Khan, began their conquest of Song Empire. The Mongolian army occupied Zhenning and it came under the jurisdiction of Hehong Zhou (和宏州). In 1351, in the 11th year of Zhizheng period of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), Hehong Prefecture was renamed "Zhenning Zhou" (镇宁州) and belonged to Puding Circuit (普定路).

In 1385, in the ruling of Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), Zhenning came under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Buzhengshisi (四川布政使司). Five years later, a military garrison named "Anzhuangwei" (安庄卫) was founded in downtown Zhenning.

In 1671, in the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), Zhenning became an independent "Zhou" and under the administration of Anshun Prefecture (安顺府).

In 1914, Zhenning Zhou was revoked and Zhenning County was set up.

On November 21, 1949, the Communists took over Zhenning. In 1956, it came under the jurisdiction of Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. In 1958, Guanling was briefly merged into Zhenning County and then separated in 1961. On September 11, 1963, it became an autonomous county approved by the State Council of China. In 1964, it was under jurisdiction of Liuzhi Special District. In 1981, Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County came under the jurisdiction of Anshun.

Administrative divisions [ edit ]

After an adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County on January 14, 2016, the county has four subdistricts, eight towns and three townships under its jurisdiction.[1]

Name Chinese character Note
Baimahu Subdistrict 白马湖街道
Huancui Subdistrict 环翠街道
Shuanglongshan Subdistrict 双龙山街道
Dingqi Subdistrict 丁旗街道
Huangguoshu 黄果树镇
Jianglong 江龙镇
Liuma 六马镇
Biandanshan 扁担山镇
Machang 马厂镇
Muyi 募役镇
Benzhai 本寨镇
Liangtian 良田镇
Shazi Township 沙子乡
Jianga Township 简嘎乡
Geli Township 革利乡
A panoramic view of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in 2020.
View of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County from Mount Zhouwu in 2020.

Geography [ edit ]

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is located in the southwest of Guizhou province. The county has a total area of 1,079.42 km2 (416.77 sq mi). It borders Puding County and Liuzhi Special District in the north, Wangmo County and Zhenfeng County in the east and south, Xixiu District and Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County in the east, and Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in the west.

Climate [ edit ]

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is in the subtropical humid monsoon climate zone, with an average annual temperature of 16.2 °C (61.2 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,277-millimetre (50.3 in), a frost-free period of 279 to 345 days and annual average sunshine hours in 1142 hours. The highest temperature is 23.7 °C (74.7 °F), and the lowest temperature is 6.5 °C (43.7 °F).

Rivers [ edit ]

There are 31 rivers and streams in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County, which are tributaries of Dabang River and Qingshui River.

Zhenning River flows through the downtown county.

Lakes and reservoirs [ edit ]

There are three reservoirs in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County: Wang'er River Reservoir (王二河水库), White Horse Reservoir (白马水库) and Red Flag Lake

Red Flag Lake.

Mountains [ edit ]

The highest point in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is Maocaopo (茅草坡; 'Thatched Slope') which stands 1,678 metres (5,505 ft) above sea level. The lowest point is in Liangtian, which, at 356 metres (1,168 ft) above sea level.

Parks [ edit ]

Huancui Park.

Huancui Park (环翠公园) is an urban park in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County.

Economy [ edit ]

As of 2019, the GDP of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County was 10.962 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP was 38162 yuan.[2] Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County's economic engines are agriculture, animal husbandry, mining, paper industry, tourism, and plastic products industry.[2]

Demographics [ edit ]

Population [ edit ]

As of 2019, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the county's population now to be 287,300. There are 23 ethnic groups living in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County, including Han, Buyei, Miao and Gelao.[2]

Language [ edit ]

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Southwestern Mandarin and minority language.

Religion [ edit ]

The county government supports all religions. The local people mainly believe in Buddhism and Catholicism.

Education [ edit ]

There are one high school, nine middle schools, sixty-nine primary schools, and sixty-four kindergartens in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County.[2]

Transportation [ edit ]

China National Highway 320, commonly abbreviated as "National Highway 320", runs through the county.

The G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway, commonly referred to as "Hukun Expressway", is a major northeast-southwest interstate that runs through western Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County and intersects with Duxiang Expressway [zh] in Yanpo, just north of the county.

Zhensheng Expressway

Tourism [ edit ]

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is known worldwide for Huangguoshu Waterfall. The county's most visited Buddhist temple is Nianfo Temple (念佛寺). The Red Flag Reservoir is a popular attraction. Major tourist destinations include Yelang Cave (夜郎洞), Rhinoceros Cave (犀牛洞) and Shuangming Cave (双明洞).

Zhenning Catholic Church.
Arhat Hall, Nianfo Temple.
Huangguoshu Waterfall.
Lu Ruiguang Memorial Museum.

Notable people [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Tang Yan (唐艳) (2 August 2019). 省政府批复黔西南州、普定县、镇宁自治县部分行政区划调整. 163.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d 镇宁布依族苗族自治县 2019年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. Government of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (in Chinese). 14 May 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.

External links [ edit ]

What is this?