Zhenru Temple (Shanghai)
|Location||Putuo District, Shanghai|
|Date established||Song dynasty (960–1276)|
Name [ edit ]
The name "Zhenru" (真如) means "thusness" or "reality as it is" in Chinese, and comes from the Buddhist sutra Vijnaptimatratasiddhi-sastra or Cheng Wei-Shih Lun (成唯识论) in Chinese.
History [ edit ]
Song dynasty [ edit ]
In its first iteration, built in the Song dynasty (960–1276) it was called "Zhenru Yuan" (真如院) originally, and changed to "Zhenru Si" (真如寺) by monk Yong'an (永安) in the Jiading era (1208–1224) of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1276).
Yuan dynasty [ edit ]
Ming dynasty [ edit ]
Qing dynasty [ edit ]
People's Republic of China [ edit ]
In May 1959, it was authorized as a municipal cultural heritage building.
In 1966, Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution. Statues and other works of art were either removed, damaged or destroyed by the Red Guards, including a Ming dynasty gilded copper statue of Maitreya and a Qing dynasty carved wood statue of Sakyamuni.
In 1979, the Shanghai Municipal Government refurbished and redecorated the temple, and used it as an ancient architecture exhibition hall.
In 1991, regular scripture lectures, meditation and other features of temple life were resumed.
In January 1992, Singaporean Buddhist monk Xingren (性仁) presented three jade statues of the Buddha and some Buddhist sutras to the temple.
On November 20, 1996, it has been designated as a "Major National Historical and Cultural Site in Shanghai" by the State Council of China.
Architecture [ edit ]
Mahavira Hall [ edit ]
The Mahavira Hall was built in 1320 during the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368). The hall is 13.4-metre (44 ft) wide and 13-metre (43 ft) deep with 16 wood pillars supporting the single eave gable and hip roof (单檐歇山顶). A 2.18-metre (7 ft 2 in) high and 2,500-kilogram (5,500 lb) jade statue of Sakyamuni sits in the center of the hall.